Chhattisgarhi language


Chhattisgarhi language
Chhattisgarhi
छत्तीसगढ़ी
Spoken in India
Region Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa
Native speakers 11 million  (no date)
Language family
Indo-European
Language codes
ISO 639-3 hne
Linguasphere 59-AAF-ta

Chhattisgarhi (Devanagari:छत्तीसगढ़ी) is the official language in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh and has approximately 11.5 million speakers.[1] It is an Indo-European dialect/language with heavy presence of vocabulary and linguistic features from Munda and Dravidian languages. Chhattisgarhi has been known by name Khaltahi to surrounding Hill-people and by name Laria to Sambalpuri and Oriya speakers.

The speakers are concentrated in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh and in adjacent areas of Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, and Jharkhand.

Chhattisgarhi cultural and political movements, with origins going back to the 1920s, affirmed Chhattisgarhi cultural and linguistic identity and sought greater autonomy within India. This came about in 2000 when 16 districts of the state of Madhya Pradesh became the new state of Chhattisgarh.

Contents

Classification

Chhattisgarhi is most closely related to Bagheli and Awadhi (Avadhi), and these languages are classified in the East Central Zone of the Indo-Aryan languages, the Indian branch of the Indo-European language family.

According to the Indian Government, Chhattisgarhi is an eastern dialect of Hindi, although it is considered by some linguists to be distinct enough from Hindi to constitute a separate language. Chhattisgarhi has several identified dialects of its own, in addition to Chhattisgarhi Proper: Baighani, Bhulia, Binjhwari, Kalanga, Kavardi, Khairagarhi, Sadri Korwa, and Surgujia.

Writing

Chhattisgarhi, like Hindi, is written using the Devanagari script.

See also

Sources

References

  1. ^ Chhattisgarhi
  • C. K. Chandrakar, "Chhattisgarhi Shabadkosh"
  • C. K. Chandrakar, "Manak Chhattisgarhi Vyakaran"
  • C. K. Chandrakar, "Chhattisgarhi Muhawara Kosh"

External links



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chhattisgarhi — noun An Indo Aryan language spoken in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh …   Wiktionary

  • Chhattisgarhi — ISO 639 3 Code : hne ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Bengali language — Bangla redirects here. For Bangla speaking people, see Bengali people. Bengali বাংলা Bangla The word Bangla in Bangla Assamese alphabet …   Wikipedia

  • Punjabi language — ਪੰਜਾਬੀ, پنجابی, Panjābī The word Punjabi in Gurmukhi, Shahmukhi and Devanagari Spoken …   Wikipedia

  • Marathi language — Marathi मराठी Marāṭhī Marathi written in Devanāgarī and …   Wikipedia

  • Oriya language — Oriya ଓଡ଼ିଆ,ओडिआ odiā Spoken in India and significant communities in UK, USA, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Singapore, United Arab Emirates, Australia …   Wikipedia

  • Nepali language — Not to be confused with Nepal Bhasa. Nepali नेपाली The word Nepali written in Devanagari scri …   Wikipedia

  • Assamese language — Assamese অসমীয়া Ôxômiya Spoken in India, Bhutan US (Delaware, New Jersey New York) Region Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland (Assamese or a dialogue variant of Assamese …   Wikipedia

  • Maithili language — Maithili मैथिली, মৈথিলী ,maithilī Spoken in India, Nepal Region Bihar, Jharkhand, parts of West Bengal in India, Terai Region in Nepal Nativ …   Wikipedia

  • Dogri language — Not to be confused with Dogrib language. Dogri डोगरी ڈوگرى ḍogrī Spoken in India, Pakistan Region …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.