- Yazgulyam language
(IPA: "IPA|yůzdomi zəvəg)"
The Yazgulyam language (also Yazgulyami, Iazgulem, Yazgulam; Tajik: "yazgulomi") is a member of the Pamir subgroup of the
Iranian languages, spoken by ca. 4,000 native speakers (as of 1994) along the Yazgulyam River, Gorno-Badakhshan, Tajikistan. Together with Shugni, it is classified as the Shugni-Yazgulami subgroup of the Pamir languages. Virtually all speakers are bilingual in the Tajik language.
The Yazgulami language consists of two dialects, one of these is spoken higher in the mountains, the other lower. The differences are not significant and are limited to the vocabulary. Differences in the vocabulary are also detectable between the languages used in different villages in the lower mountains. The
Vanji language("also" Vanži, is a close relation to Yazgulami, which has become extinct now. Other languages spoken in the Pamirs differ greatly from the Yazgulami language. The disparities are the largest in the vocabulary.Fact|date=July 2007
The language was first recorded by Russian traveller G. Arandarenko in 1889, listing 34 Yazgulami words recorded in 1882. The language was described in greater detail by French linguist, R. Gauthiot in "Notes sur le yazggoulami, dialecte iraniren des Confins du Pamir" (1916).
The Yazgulyam people are an exception among the speakers of Pamir languages in that they do not adhere to
In 1954 the Yazgulami living on the mountain slopes were resettled, about 20% of them forcibly, to the Vakhsh valley, where they live dispersed among the Tadjiks, Uzbeks, Russians and other ethnic groups.
The phonology of the Yazgulyam language differs from the basic "Shugni-Roshani" type its system of
dorsal consonants: In addition to the velar and uvular stops "g, k, q" and fricatives "x̌, γ̌, x, γ,", Yazgulami has a palatalized and a labialized series, transcribed as "ḱ, ǵ" (palatalized velars), "k° g° x̌°" (labialized velars, there is no labialized velar voiced fricative) and "q° x° γ°" (labialized uvulars). A significant number of labialized consonants etymologically correspond to Proto-Iranian "*Cv" or "*Cu", e.g. "x̌°arg" < "*hvaharā-" "sister", while others are unrelated to Proto-Iranian "v", e.g. "sk°on" < "skana-" "puppy".
This threefold system of articulation of dorsals has been compared typologically to the three reconstructed rows of dorsals in the
Proto-Indo-European language.Fact|date=May 2007
*Ėdel’man, D.I. "Jazguljamskij jazyk". Moskva: Nauka, 1966.
*Ėdel’man, D.I. "Jazguljamsko-russkij slovar’". Moskva: Nauka, 1971.
*Payne, John, "Pamir languages" in: Rüdiger Schmitt (ed.), "Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum", 417–444. Wiesbaden: Reichert, 1989.
* [http://www.angelfire.com/sd/tajikistanupdate/yazghulami.html A Short List of Yazghulami Words]
* [http://www.angelfire.com/sd/tajikistanupdate/engpamirlanguages.html English-Ishkashimi- Zebaki-Wakhi-Yazghulami Vocabulary]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Yazgulyam — Yazgulyam, alternatively spelt Yazgulyami, Yazgulami, Yazgulomi, and Iazgulemi, may refer to:* Yazgulyam River in Tajikistan. * Yazgulyam language, spoken in Tajikistan. * Yazgulyam people of Tajikistan. * Yazgulyam Mountains in Tajikistan … Wikipedia
Yazgulyam — noun A Pamir language of Tajikistan … Wiktionary
Yazgulyam — ISO 639 3 Code : yah ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living … Names of Languages ISO 639-3
Ishkashimi language — Infobox Language name=Ishkashimi nativename= IPA|škošmi zəvůk states=Afghanistan, Tajikistan speakers=Not known familycolor=Indo European fam2=Indo Iranian fam3=Iranian fam4=Eastern fam5=Southeastern fam6=Pamir script=None notice=nonoticeThe… … Wikipedia
Centum-Satem isogloss — The Centum Satem division is an isogloss of the Indo European language family, related to the evolution of the three dorsal consonant rows reconstructed for Proto Indo European, *Unicode|kʷ (labiovelars), *Unicode|k (velars), and *Unicode|ḱ ;… … Wikipedia
Labiovelar consonant — The term labiovelar is ambiguous. It may mean labial velar (a consonant made at two places of articulation, one at the lips and the other at the soft palate), or it may mean labialized velar (a consonant with an approximant like secondary… … Wikipedia
Pamir languages — Infobox Language family name=Pamir languages region= Pamir familycolor=Indo European fam2=Indo Iranian fam3=Iranian fam4=Eastern fam5=SoutheasternThe Pamir languages are a subgroup of the Iranian languages, spoken by Pamiri people in the Pamir… … Wikipedia
Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province — Kohistan Badakhshan redirects here. For Kohistan District in Badakhshan, Afghanistan, see Kohistan District, Badakhshan. Coordinates: 38°0′N 73°0′E / 38°N 73°E / … Wikipedia
Eastern Iranian languages — Eastern Iranian Geographic distribution: Scythia, Central Asia Linguistic classification: Indo European Indo Iranian Iranian Eastern Iranian … Wikipedia
List of Iranian languages — The Iranian languages include some 84 (SIL estimate) languages and dialects spoken by about many people in Asia; this language family is a part of the Indo Iranian language family. Each subfamily in this list contains subgroups and individual… … Wikipedia