- Sindhi language
nativename = سنڌي सिन्धी "Sindhī"
Pakistan, India. Also Hong Kong, Oman, Philippines, Singapore, UAE, UK, USA, Afghanistan
Arabic script: سنڌي, Devanagari script: सिन्धी, "Sindhī") is the language of the Sindhregion of South Asia, which is a province of Pakistan. It is an Indo-Aryan languagespoken by approximately 41 million people in Pakistan, and 12 million in India; it is the second most spoken language of Pakistan, a recognized official language in Pakistan and also an official language in India. Government of Pakistanissues National Identity Cards to its citizens only in two languages, i.e. Sindhi and Urdu. Although the language is predominantly Indo-Aryan, it also shows signs of heavy Dravidianinfluence. Most Sindhi speakers in Pakistanare concentrated in the Sindhprovince. The remaining speakers are found in India and amongst the Sindhi diaspora community which are scattered throughout the world. The Sindhi language has spread as the Hindu Sindhis left Sindhduring the Independence of Pakistanin 1947. The language is written in Devanagari script by Sindhi Hindus; however, with the conversion of most Sindhis to Islam, a modified Arabic script was produced. [http://yangtze.cs.uiuc.edu/~jamali/sindh/sammelan/04.html] After the independence of both India and Pakistan from British rule, the Government of India introduced Devanagari, alongside the modified Arabic, for writing Sindhi. [http://www.lmp.ucla.edu/Profile.aspx?menu=004&LangID=201]
Sindhi is taught as a first language in the schools of Sindh and second language in Balochistan in Pakistan. In India, especially in the State of
Maharashtra, many educational institutions managed by Sindhi community and in the schools of such society Sindhi is taught either as the medium of instruction or as a subject. [ [http://www.thesindhuworld.com The Sindhu World] ] Sindhi has a vast vocabulary; this has made it a favourite of many writers and consequently much literature and poetry have been written in Sindhi. Dialects of Sindhi are spoken in southern Punjab, Balochistan, Northwest province of Pakistan (NWFP), and also Gujaratas well as Rajasthanin India.
Arab and Persian travellers, specifically Abu-Rayhan
Biruniin his book ' Mal al-Hind', had declared that even before the advent of Islam in Sindh (711 A.D.), the language was prevalent in the region. It was not only widely spoken but written in different scripts. Birunihas described many Sindhi words leading to the conclusion that the Sindhi language was widely spoken and rich in vocabulary in his time.
Qur'anwas first translated into Sindhi in rhymatic format. This was the first ever translation of Qur'an in the 12th century or earlier.
Sindhi was a very popular literary language between the 14th and 18th centuries. This is when
sufis such as Shah Abdul Latif, Sachal Sarmast, Lal Shahbaz Qalandar(as well as numerous others) narrated their theosophicalpoetry depicting the relationship between humans and God.
Sindhi Culture is estimated to be about 4108 years old; When
Mohenjo Daro("Mound of the Dead", an ancient city of the Indus Valley civilization) was dug out, a statue was found covered in Ajrak, which is one of the symbols of Sindhi culture.
* "Keeyen aahyo"?- "how are you?" (general greeting)
* "Ma theek aahiyan" - "Very well".
* "Meherbani" - "Thank you"
* "Meherbani karay" - "Please"
* "Ha" - "Yes"
* "Na" - "No"
* "Keeyen ahyo/Kehra haal aahin" - "How are you?"
* "Maa/Aaon teekh ahyaan" - "I'm fine"
* "Allah wahi" - "Goodbye" (used to end a conversation by Muslim Sindhis)
* "Theekh aah"- "Goodbye" (used to end a conversation by Hindu Sindhis)
* "Tawhanjo naalo cha aahaye" - "What's your name?"
* "Munhenjo naalo ______ aahaye." - "My name is _____."
* "Hik" - "One"
* "Ba" - "Two"
* "Tay" - "Three"
* "Maa/Aaon Sindh jo aahya/ Maa/Aaon Sindh maa ahyaa" - "I am from Sindh"
* "Maa/Aaon musulman" / "hindhu aahya" - "I am Muslim / Hindu"
* "Maa/Aaon Sindhi aahya" / "Assin Sindhi aahyoo" - "I am Sindhi" / "We are Sindhis"
* "Allah Wahi" - "God bless you"
Sindhi has a large sound inventory. It has 46 distinctive
consonant phonemes (more than all the phonemes of English combined) and a further 16 vowels. All plosives, affricates, nasals, the retroflex flapand the lateral approximant/l/ have aspirated or breathy voiced counterparts. The language also features four separate implosives.
Institute of Sindhology
List of Sindhi-language films
Languages of Pakistan
Languages of India
List of national languages of India
List of Indian languages by total speakers
* [http://www.sindhisangat.com Sindhi Sangat - promoting & preserving Sindhi language with Learn Sindhi CD-ROM. ]
* [http://www.larkano.com/abro//index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=31&Itemid=50 Sindhi Tutorial]
* [http://www.sindhology.com.pk/ Institute of Sindhology] , Pakistan
* [http://www.sindhi.org.uk Sindhi Tutorial and Keyboard Layout for Windows XP/2000]
* [http://www.ayazrb.wordpress.com SINDH REVIEW(website in sindhi language)]
* [http://www.sindhiana.com Sindhi Literature Magazine in Sindhi Language]
* [http://www.sindhology.org/ Indian institute of Sindhology]
* [http://www.sindhilanguage.com SindhiLanguage.com]
* [http://www.omniglot.com/writing/sindhi.htm Sindhi Script History and Script]
* http://sindhipatrika.blogspot.com Complete Sindhi Tipno, Patrika, Almanac, listing festivities, rituals related to Hindu Sindhi Culture
* [http://www.sindhhyd.com Daily Sindh Hyderabad A Newspaper in sindhi Language]
* International Phonetic Association (1999) "Handbook of the International Phonetic Association" ISBN 0-521-63751-1
* [http://www.larkano.com/abro//index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=36&Itemid=51 Sindhi Alphabet with example words]
* [http://freenet-homepage.de/prilop/sindhi-alphabet.html Sindhi Alphabet] with Devanagari equivalents
* [http://www.webjournal.unior.it M. Qasim Bughio, "The Diachronic Sociolinguistic Situation in Sindh" in Web Journal on Cultural Patrimony (Fabio Maniscalco ed.), vol. 1, January-June 2006]
* Trumpp P., Grammar of the Sindhi Language, Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück, Reprinted in 1970 (original edition 1872)
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Sindhi language — northwestern Indo Aryan language spoken in the province of Sindh, Pakistan, and in the neighbouring Rann of Kutch and Kāthiāwār Peninsula in India. The standard Sindhi dialect is Vicholi. Kacchi, spoken in Kutch, is classified by some as a… … Universalium
Sindhi Language Authority — (SLA) (Sindhi:سنڌي ٻولي جو بااختيار ادارو) is an autonomous body under the administrative control of the Department of Culture, Tourism and Youth Affairs of the Government of Sindh province in Pakistan. There is a Board of Governors to frame the… … Wikipedia
Sindhi language media in Pakistan — Sindh, the second largest province in Pakistan, is a province of many distinctions. It is the most urbanized province with 43% of people living in urban areas, and is the province with the highest literacy rate.indhi as a languageUrdu is the… … Wikipedia
List of Sindhi language poets — The following poets write or wrote in the Sindhi language: *Anwar Pirzada *Bedal *Bekas *Jamal Abro *Sachal Sarmast *Sami *Shah Abdul Latif *Shaikh Ayaz *Mohsin Kakrai *Ustaad Bukhari *Survech Sijawali *Tanveer Abbasi *Anwar Mansoor Mangrio… … Wikipedia
List of Sindhi-language films — List of films produced in Sindhi cinema in Pakistan.A* Ajj Taan Bhakar Payun (1976) * Albeli (1973) * Ali Gohar (1988) * Allah Bachaeo (1992)B* Baadal (1972) * Baadal Aain Barsat (1975) * Barsat Ji Raat (1985) * Bevis (1989)C* Chanduki (1969)D*… … Wikipedia
Sindhi literature — Sindhi language (Sindhi: سنڌي ) is ancient and rich in literature. Its writers have contributed extensively in various forms of literature both in poetry and prose. Sindhi literature is very rich and oldest literature in the world s oldest… … Wikipedia
Sindhi Adabi Board — is a government sponsored institution for the promotion of Sindhi literature. It was established in 1955 in Jamshoro, Sindh. [ [http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2007%5C10%5C06%5Cstory 6 10 2007 pg12 10 Sindh Adabi Board scheme for… … Wikipedia
Sindhi Adabi Sangat — (Sindhi:سنڌي ادبي سنگت) is an organization of the writers of Sindhi language that has branches in Sindh, Pakistan and abroad as well. Because of its great number and well built organization, it is considered as the biggest Adabi Tanzeem (literary … Wikipedia
Sindhi — may refer to more than one article:*the Sindhi people, an ethnic group from the province of Sindh in Pakistan. *the Sindhi language, an Indo Aryan language spoken by the Sindhi people from Pakistan and India. *a resident of Sindh province of… … Wikipedia
Sindhi people — This article is about the socio ethnic group of South Asia. For other uses, see Sindhi. Sindhis سنڌي सिन्धी … Wikipedia