99th United States Congress


99th United States Congress
99th United States Congress
USCapitol.jpg
United States Capitol (2002)

Duration: January 3, 1985 – January 3, 1987

Senate President: George H. W. Bush (R)
Senate Pres. pro tem: Strom Thurmond (R)
House Speaker: Tip O'Neill (D)
Members: 100 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican Party
House Majority: Democratic Party

Sessions
1st: January 3, 1985 – December 20, 1985
2nd: January 21, 1986 – October 18, 1986
<98th 100th>

The Ninety-ninth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1985 to January 3, 1987, during the fifth and sixth years of Ronald Reagan's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twentieth Census of the United States in 1980. The Republicans maintained control of the Senate, while the Democrats maintained control of the House of Representatives.

Contents

Major events

Major legislation

Party summary

Senate

Party standings on the opening day of the 99th Congress
  47 Democratic Senators
  53 Republican Senators
Affiliation Members
  Democratic Party 47
  Republican Party 53
Total 100

House of Representatives

House seats by party holding majority in state
  80+ -100% Republican
  80+ -100% Democratic
  60+ -80% Republican
  60+ -80% Democratic
  50+ -60% Republican
  50+ -60% Democratic
  striped: evenly split
Affiliation Members Voting
share
  Democratic Party 253 58.2%
  Republican Party 182 41.8%
Total 435

Leadership

Senate

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress.

Alabama

Alaska

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Hawaii

  • 3. Daniel K. Inouye (D)
  • 1. Spark M. Matsunaga (D)

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

  • 3. Charles Mathias, Jr. (R)
  • 1. Paul S. Sarbanes (D)

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

  • 3. Thomas F. Eagleton (D)
  • 1. John C. Danforth (R)

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

House of Representatives

Alabama

Alaska

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Hawaii

*1. Neil Abercrombie (D), from September 20, 1986
  • 2. Daniel K. Akaka (D)

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

*8. Catherine S. Long (D), from

March 30, 1985

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

*6. Alton R. Waldon, Jr. (D), from June 10, 1986

North Carolina

*10. Cass Ballenger (R), from November 4, 1986

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

  • 1. Les Aspin (D)
  • 2. Robert W. Kastenmeier (D)
  • 3. Steve Gunderson (R)
  • 4. Gerald D. Kleczka (D)
  • 5. Jim Moody (D)
  • 6. Thomas E. Petri (R)
  • 7. David R. Obey (D)
  • 8. Toby Roth (R)
  • 9. F. James Sensenbrenner, Jr. (R)

Wyoming

Non-voting members

Changes in membership

Senate

State
(class)
Former senator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
installation
West Virginia
(2)
Vacant Seat remained vacant at end of previous congress until Sen-elect Rockefeller finished term as Governor of West Virginia Jay Rockefeller (D) January 15, 1985

House of Representatives

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
installation
Indiana's 8th Disputed House declared McCloskey the winner after auditors from the US General Accounting Office conducted a recount and Republican floor votes were rejected Frank McCloskey (D) May 1, 1985
Louisiana's 8th Gillis W. Long (D) Died January 20, 1985 Catherine S. Long (D) March 30, 1985
Texas's 1st Sam B. Hall (D) Resigned May 27, 1985 after being appointed judge for the US District Court for the Eastern District of Texas Jim Chapman (D) August 3, 1985
New York's 6th Joseph P. Addabbo (D) Died April 10, 1986 Alton R. Waldon, Jr. (D) June 10, 1986
Hawaii's 1st Cecil Heftel (D) Resigned July 11, 1986 Neil Abercrombie (D) September 20, 1986
North Carolina's 10th Jim Broyhill (R) Resigned July 14, 1986 after being appointed to the US Senate Cass Ballenger (R) November 4, 1986
Illinois's 4th George M. O'Brien (R) Died July 17, 1986 Vacant Not filled this term
Illinois's 14th John E. Grotberg (R) Died November 15, 1986 Vacant Not filled this term
North Carolina's 3rd Charles O. Whitley (D) Resigned December 31, 1986 Vacant Not filled this term

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links


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