New York's 3rd congressional district


New York's 3rd congressional district
New York's 3rd congressional district
New York District 03 109th US Congress.png
Current Representative Peter T. King (RSeaford)
Distribution 99.58% urban, 0.42% rural
Population (2000) 654,360
Median income $70,561
Ethnicity 94.2% White, 2.1% Black, 0.8% Asian, 2.3% Hispanic, 0.1% Native American, 0.5% other
Cook PVI R+4

The 3rd District of New York is generally the eastern half of Nassau County, with some parts as far west as Island Park and Long Beach. The Nassau portion contains suburban communities such as Bellmore, Bethpage, Farmingdale, Hicksville, Levittown, Massapequa, Massapequa Park, Merrick, North Bellmore, North Merrick, Seaford, Syosset, and Wantagh. The Nassau portion of the district also contains the cities of Long Beach and Glen Cove. The district also extends along the South Shore of western Suffolk County encompassing parts of Amityville, Babylon, Bay Shore, Copiague, East Islip, Islip, Lindenhurst, North Lindenhurst, West Babylon, and West Islip, although it generally does not venture north of Sunrise Highway once in Suffolk County.

The District is currently represented by Peter T. King. He was first elected in 1992. He is one of only 2 Republicans on the Long Island Congressional delegation.

The district is one of the more Republican-leaning in New York, and John McCain defeated Barack Obama 52% to 47% here in 2008[1].

Contents

Voting

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2000 President Gore 52 - 44%
2004 President Bush 52 - 47%
2008 President McCain 52 - 47%

[2]

Hamlets and villages in the district

Entirely within the district

Bayville, Bethpage, Brookville, Cedar Beach, Centre Island, Cove Neck, East Norwich, Gilgo Beach, Glen Cove, Glen Head, Glenwood Landing, Harbor Isle, Hicksville, Island Park, Jericho, Lattingtown, Laurel Hollow, Levittown, Lido Beach, Locust Valley, Long Beach, Massapequa Park, Massapequa, Matinecock, Mill Neck, Muttontown, Oak Beach, Old Brookville, Oyster Bay Cove, Oyster Bay, Plainedge, Point Lookout, Seaford, Upper Brookville, Wantagh, and West Islip.

Partially within the district

Amityville, Babylon, Baldwin, Bay Shore, Bellmore, Brightwaters, Copiague, East Islip, Farmingdale, Freeport, Islip, Lindenhurst, Locust Grove, Merrick, North Babylon, North Bellmore, North Lindenhurst, Oceanside, Old Bethpage, Old Westbury, Plainview, Syosset, West Babylon, West Bay Shore, Westbury, and Woodbury.

This district historically has been centered in northeast Nassau County, but has added other areas from time to time. In the 1960s the district encompassed the northern half of Nassau County and a small corner of Queens. In the 1970s North Hempstead town was added to the 6th District and the 3rd moved into Huntington in Suffolk County and parts of southeast Nassau County. In the 1980s most of eastern Nassau was added to the 4th District, and the 3rd was composed of northwest Nassau, a narrow corridor along LI Sound, and northwest Suffolk. After the 1992 redistricting the North Shore was transferred to the new 5th District and the 3rd consisted of inland areas of northern and eastern Nassau County, and the Nassau County south shore. An even narrower corridor linked the northwest Nassau and northwest Suffolk portion of the 5th District, leaving most of Oyster Bay in the 3rd. The 2002 remap removed some areas of eastern Nassau, but added south shore towns in Suffolk County and the shore areas of northeast Nassau.

List of representatives

1789-1805: One seat

Representative Party Years District home Note
Egbert Benson Pro-Administration March 4, 1789 – March 3, 1793
Philip Van Cortlandt Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 – March 3, 1795
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 – March 3, 1803
Samuel Latham Mitchill Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 – November 22, 1804 Redistricted from the 2nd district, Resigned upon election to the U.S. Senate
Vacant November 22, 1804 – February 14, 1805
George Clinton, Jr. Democratic-Republican February 14, 1805 – March 3, 1805

1805 - 1809: two seats on general ticket with 2nd District

Representative Party Years District home Note
Gurdon S. Mumford Democratic-Republican March 4, 1805 – March 3, 1809 New York City the districts were separated again
George Clinton, Jr. Democratic-Republican New York City

Note: Usually, Mumford is listed as member from the 2nd District, and Clinton from the 3rd District, because Clinton was elected to fill the vacancy caused by the election of Mitchill to the U.S. Senate, and Mitchill had been elected previously in the 3rd District. However, in 1804 Mitchill was already re-elected on the 2nd/3rd general ticket, and both Clinton and Mumford were elected in special elections, receiving votes in both districts.

1809 - 1823: one seat

Representative Party Years District home Note
Jonathan Fisk Democratic-Republican March 4, 1809 – March 3, 1811 Newburgh
Pierre Van Cortlandt, Jr. Democratic-Republican March 4, 1811 – March 3, 1813 Peekskill
Peter Denoyelles Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 – March 3, 1815 Haverstraw
Jonathan Ward Democratic-Republican March 4, 1815 – March 3, 1817 New Rochelle
Caleb Tompkins Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 – March 3, 1821 White Plains
Vacant March 4 - December 3, 1821 The United States House of Representatives elections in New York, 1821 were held in April, after the congressional term had already begun. It is not clear when the result was announced or the credentials were issued.
Jeremiah H. Pierson Democratic-Republican December 3, 1821 – March 3, 1823 Ramapo Two more seats added to the district

1823-1843: Three, then four, seats

Starting in 1823, three seats were elected at-large district-wide on a general ticket. In 1833, a fourth seat was apportioned to the district, also elected district-wide at-large on the same general ticket.

Congress Years Seat A   Seat B   Seat C   Seat D
Representative Party Note Representative Party Note Representative Party Note Representative Party Note
18th March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Churchill C. Cambreleng Crawford Democratic-Republican Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1822 John J. Morgan Jackson Democratic-Republican Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1822 Peter Sharpe Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican Elected in 1822

Lost re-election
19th March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Jacksonian Re-elected in 1824 Jeromus Johnson Jacksonian Elected in 1824 Gulian C. Verplanck Jacksonian Elected in 1824
20th March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
Re-elected in 1826 Re-elected in 1826

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Re-elected in 1826
21st March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
Re-elected in 1828 Campbell P. White Jacksonian Elected in 1828 Re-elected in 1828
22nd March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
Re-elected in 1830 Re-elected in 1830 Re-elected in 1830
23rd March 4, 1833 –
May 14, 1834
Re-elected in 1832 Re-elected in 1832 Dudley Selden Jacksonian Elected in 1832

Resigned
Cornelius Lawrence Jacksonian Elected in 1832

Resigned to become Mayor of New York City
May 15, 1834 –
July 2, 1834
Vacant
July 3, 1834 –
December 1, 1834
Vacant
December 1, 1834 –
March 3, 1835
Charles G. Ferris Jacksonian John J. Morgan Jacksonian
24th March 4, 1835 –
October 2, 1835
Re-elected in 1834 Re-elected in 1834

Resigned
Ely Moore Jacksonian Elected in 1834 John McKeon Jacksonian Elected in 1834

Lost re-election
October 3, 1835 –
December 6, 1835
Vacant
December 7, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Gideon Lee Jacksonian Retired
25th March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
Democratic Re-elected in 1836

Lost re-election
Edward Curtis Whig Elected in 1836 Democratic Re-elected in 1836 Ogden Hoffman Whig Elected in 1836
26th March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
Moses H. Grinnell Whig Elected in 1838

Lost re-election
Re-elected in 1838

Retired
James Monroe Whig Elected in 1838

Lost re-election
Re-elected in 1838

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
27th March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
Charles G. Ferris Democratic Elected in 1840

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Fernando Wood Democratic Elected in 1840

Lost re-election
James I. Roosevelt Democratic Elected in 1840

Retired
John McKeon Democratic Elected in 1840

Lost re-election

1843-present

The single-seat district was restored in 1843.

Representative Party Years District home Note
Jonas P. Phoenix Whig March 4, 1843 – March 3, 1845
William S. Miller American March 4, 1845 – March 3, 1847
Henry Nicoll Democratic March 4, 1847 – March 3, 1849
Jonas P. Phoenix Whig March 4, 1849 – March 3, 1851
Emanuel B. Hart Democratic March 4, 1851 – March 3, 1853
Hiram Walbridge Democratic March 4, 1853 – March 3, 1855
Guy R. Pelton Opposition March 4, 1855 – March 3, 1857
Daniel Sickles Democratic March 4, 1857 – March 3, 1861
Benjamin Wood Democratic March 4, 1861 – March 3, 1863 Redistricted to the 4th district
Moses F. Odell Democratic March 4, 1863 – March 3, 1865 Redistricted from the 2nd district
James Humphrey Republican March 4, 1865 – June 16, 1866 Died
Vacant June 16, 1866 – December 4, 1866
John W. Hunter Democratic December 4, 1866 – March 3, 1867
William E. Robinson Democratic March 4, 1867 – March 3, 1869
Henry Warner Slocum Democratic March 4, 1869 – March 3, 1873
Stewart L. Woodford Republican March 4, 1873 – July 1, 1874 Resigned
Vacant July 1, 1874 – November 3, 1874
Simeon B. Chittenden Independent Republican November 3, 1874 – March 3, 1877
Republican March 4, 1877 – March 3, 1881
J. Hyatt Smith Independent March 4, 1881 – March 3, 1883
Darwin R. James Republican March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1887
Stephen V. White Republican March 4, 1887 – March 3, 1889
William C. Wallace Republican March 4, 1889 – March 3, 1891
William J. Coombs Democratic March 4, 1891 – March 3, 1893 Redistricted to the 4th district
Joseph C. Hendrix Democratic March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1895
Francis H. Wilson Republican March 4, 1895 – September 30, 1897 Resigned to become Postmaster of Brooklyn
Vacant September 30, 1897 – December 6, 1897
Edmund H. Driggs Democratic December 6, 1897 – March 3, 1901
Henry Bristow Republican March 4, 1901 – March 3, 1903
Charles T. Dunwell Republican March 3, 1903 – June 12, 1908 Died
Vacant June 12, 1908 – November 3, 1908
Otto G. Foelker Republican November 3, 1908 – March 3, 1911
James P. Maher Democratic March 4, 1911 – March 3, 1913 Redistricted to the 5th district
Frank E. Wilson Democratic March 4, 1913 – March 3, 1915 Redistricted from the 4th district
Joseph V. Flynn Democratic March 4, 1915 – January 3, 1919
John MacCrate Republican March 4, 1919 – December 30, 1920 Resigned upon election as justice to the New York Supreme Court
vacant December 30, 1920 – March 4, 1921
John Kissel Republican March 4, 1921 – March 3, 1923
George W. Lindsay Democratic March 4, 1923 – January 3, 1935
Joseph L. Pfeifer Democratic January 3, 1935 – January 3, 1945 Redistricted to the 8th district
Henry J. Latham Republican January 3, 1945 – January 3, 1953 Redistricted to the 4th district
Frank J. Becker Republican January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1963 Redistricted to the 5th district
Steven Derounian Republican January 3, 1963 – January 3, 1965 Redistricted from the 2nd district
Lester L. Wolff Democratic January 3, 1965 – January 3, 1973 Redistricted to the 6th district
Angelo D. Roncallo Republican January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1975 Lost re-election
Jerome A. Ambro, Jr. Democratic January 3, 1975 – January 3, 1981 Lost re-election
Gregory W. Carman Republican January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1983 Retired
Robert J. Mrazek Democratic January 3, 1983 – January 3, 1993 Retired to run for U.S. Senate
Peter T. King Republican January 3, 1993 – present Seaford Incumbent

Election results

In New York State there are numerous parties at various points on the political spectrum. Certain parties will invariably endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, and the final candidate votes (Listed as "Recap").

US House election, 1996: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King 127,972 55.3
Democratic Dal LaMagna 97,518 42.1
Right to Life John J. O'Shea 4,129 1.8
Liberal John A. DePrima 1,807 0.8
Majority 30,454 13.2
Turnout 231,426 100
US House election, 1998: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King 117,258 64.3 +9.0
Democratic Kevin N. Langberg 63,628 34.9 -7.2
Liberal Thomas R. DiLavore 1,497 0.8 +0.0
Majority 53,630 29.4 +16.2
Turnout 182,383 100 -21.2
US House election, 2000: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King 143,126 59.5 -4.8
Democratic Dal LaMagna 95,787 39.8 +4.9
Liberal Selma Olchin 1,515 0.6 -0.2
Majority 47,339 19.7 -9.7
Turnout 240,428 100 +31.8
US House election, 2002: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King 121,537 71.9 +12.4
Democratic Stuart L. Finz 46,022 27.2 -12.6
Liberal Janeen DePrima 1,513 0.9 +0.3
Majority 75,515 44.7 +25.0
Turnout 169,072 100 -29.7
US House election, 2004: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King 171,259 63.0 -8.9
Democratic Blair H. Mathies, Jr. 100,737 37.0 +9.8
Majority 70,522 25.9 -18.8
Turnout 271,996 100 +60.9
US House election, 2006: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King 101,787 56.0 -7.0
Democratic Dave Mejias 79,843 44.0 +7.0
Majority 21,944 12.1 -13.8
Turnout 181,630 100 -33.2
US House election, 2008: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King 135,648 64.0 +8.0
Democratic Graham Long 76,918 36.0 -7.0
Turnout 212,566 100 -33.2
US House election, 2010: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King 126,142 72.0 +8.0
Democratic Howard Kudler 48,963 28.0 -8.0
Turnout 175,105 100 -33.2


References


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