104th United States Congress


104th United States Congress
104th United States Congress
USCapitol.jpg
United States Capitol (2002)

Duration: January 3, 1995 – January 3, 1997

Senate President: Al Gore (D)
Senate Pres. pro tem: Strom Thurmond (R)
House Speaker: Newt Gingrich (R)
Members: 100 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican Party
House Majority: Republican Party

Sessions
1st: January 4, 1995 – January 3, 1996
2nd: January 3, 1996 – October 4, 1996
<103rd 105th>

The One Hundred Fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1995 to January 3, 1997, during the third and fourth years of Bill Clinton's presidency. Apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1990 United States census. Both chambers had Republican majorities for the first time since the 1950s. Major events included passage of elements of the Contract with America and a budget impasse between Congress and the Clinton Administration that resulted in the Federal government shutdown of 1995 and 1996.

Contents

Major events

  • January 3, 1995: Republicans gained control of both houses for the first time since the 1950s.
  • January 31, 1995: President Clinton invoked emergency powers to extend a $20 billion loan to help Mexico avert financial collapse.
  • April 19, 1995: Oklahoma City bombing
  • August 30, 1995: NATO began Operation Deliberate Force against Serbs in Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • November 14–19, 1995: U.S. government shutdown
  • December 16, 1995 – January 6, 1996: U.S. government shutdown
  • November 5, 1996: Re-election of President Bill Clinton and Vice President Al Gore; Democrats gained 8 seats in House; Republicans gained 2 seats in Senate.

Major legislation

Party summary

Senate

Party standings on the opening day of the 104th Congress
  47 Democratic Senators
  53 Republican Senators
Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Vacant
End of the previous Congress 47 53 100 0
Begin 53 47 100 0
End
Final voting share 53.0% 47.0%
Beginning of the next Congress 55 45 100 0

House of Representatives

Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Independent Vacant
End of the previous Congress 176 258 1 435 0
Begin 230 204 1 435 0
End 234 198 433 2
Final voting share 54.4% 45.6%
Non-voting members 1 4 0 5 0
Beginning of the next Congress 228 206 1 435 0
Senators' party membership by state.
Percent of members of the House of Representatives from each party by state.

Leadership

Senate

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

Members

Skip to House of Representatives, below

Senate

Alabama

Alaska

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

  • 3. Christopher J. Dodd (D)
  • 1. Joseph I. Lieberman (D)

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Hawaii

  • 3. Daniel K. Inouye (D)
  • 1. Daniel K. Akaka (D)

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

  • 2. J. Bennett Johnston (D)
  • 3. John B. Breaux (D)

Maine

Maryland

  • 1. Paul S. Sarbanes (D)
  • 3. Barbara A. Mikulski (D)

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

  • 2. Jim Exon (D)
  • 1. J. Robert Kerrey (D)

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

  • 2. Mark O. Hatfield (R)
  • 3. Bob Packwood (R), until October 5, 1995

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

  • 2. John W. Warner (R)
  • 1. Charles S. Robb (D)

Washington

West Virginia

  • 1. Robert C. Byrd (D)
  • 2. John D. Rockefeller IV (D)

Wisconsin

Wyoming

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Alabama

Alaska

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Hawaii

Idaho

  • 1. Helen Chenoweth (R)
  • 2. Michael D. Crapo (R)

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

  • 1. Wayne T. Gilchrest (R)
  • 2. Robert L. Ehrlich, Jr. (R)
  • 3. Benjamin L. Cardin (D)
  • 4. Albert Russell Wynn (D)
  • 5. Steny H. Hoyer (D)
  • 6. Roscoe G. Bartlett (R)
  • 7. Kweisi Mfume (D), until February 15, 1996
  • 8. Constance A. Morella (R)

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

  • 1. Steven H. Schiff (R)
  • 2. Joe Skeen (R)
  • 3. Bill Richardson (D)

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

Non-voting members

Changes in membership

Senate

State
(class)
Former senator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
installation


Colorado
(3)
Ben Nighthorse Campbell (D) Changed party March 3, 1995 Ben Nighthorse Campbell (R) March 3, 1995
Oregon
(3)
Bob Packwood (R) Resigned October 5, 1995. Wyden won the special election on January 30, 1996. Ron Wyden (D) Seated February 6, 1996
Kansas
(3)
Bob Dole (R) Resigned June 11, 1996 to campaign for the Presidency Sheila Frahm (R) June 11, 1996
Kansas
(3)
Sheila Frahm (R) Successor elected November 5, 1996 after Brownback won the special election. Sam Brownback (R) November 6, 1996

House of Representatives

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
installation


Georgia 9th Nathan Deal (D) Changed party April 10, 1995 Nathan Deal (R) April 10, 1995
Texas 14th Greg Laughlin (D) Changed party June 26, 1995 Greg Laughlin (R) June 26, 1995
Louisiana 3rd Billy Tauzin (D) Changed party August 8, 1995 Billy Tauzin (R) August 8, 1995
Illinois 2nd Mel Reynolds (D) Resigned October 1, 1995 Jesse Jackson, Jr. (D) December 15, 1995
California's 15th Norman Y. Mineta (D) Resigned October 10, 1995 Tom Campbell (R) December 12, 1995
Mississippi 4th Mike Parker (D) Changed party November 10, 1995 Mike Parker (R) November 10, 1995
Louisiana 7th Jimmy Hayes (D) Changed party December 1, 1995 Jimmy Hayes (R) December 1, 1995
California 37th Walter R. Tucker III (D) Resigned December 15, 1995 due to scandals during his past tenure as Mayor of Compton Juanita Millender-McDonald (D) March 26, 1996
Oregon 3rd Ron Wyden (D) Resigned February 6, 1996 after being elected US Senator Earl Blumenauer (D) May 21, 1996
Maryland's 7th Kweisi Mfume (D) Resigned February 15, 1996 to become CEO of the NAACP Elijah Cummings (D) April 16, 1996
Missouri's 8th Bill Emerson (R) Died June 22, 1996 Vacant Vacant for remainder of term
Kansas 2nd Sam Brownback (R) Resigned November 27, 1996 retroactive to November 7th after being elected to the US Senate Jim Ryun (R) November 27, 1996
Arkansas 2nd Ray Thornton (D) Resigned January 1, 1997 Vacant Vacant for remainder of term
Arkansas 3rd Tim Hutchinson (R) Resigned January 2, 1997 after being elected to the US Senate Vacant Vacant for remainder of term

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

See also

Elections

External links


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