Decree of Dionysopolis


Decree of Dionysopolis

The Decree of Dionysopolis was written around 48 BC by the citizens of Dionysopolis (today's Balchik, on the Black Sea coast of Bulgaria) to Akornion, who traveled far away in a diplomatic mission to meet somebody's farther in Argedauon.[1] The decree, a fragmentary marble inscription, is presently located in the National Historical Museum in Sofia.[2]

Contents

Inscription

The decree mentions a Dacian town named Argedauon (Ancient Greek: Αργεδαυον), potentially Argidava or Argedava.

The stone is damaged and name was read differently by various editors and scholars:

  • [ἐπορεύθη εἰς] Ἀργέδα[υι]ον by Wilhelm Dittenberger (1898)[3]
  • [πέμψας?] Αρ[γ]έδα[ρ]ον by Ernst Kalinka (1905)[4]
  • [...εἰ]ς Ἀργέδαυον by Wilhelm Dittenberger and Friedrich Hiller (1917), noting that the υ is an uncertain reading[5]
  • Ἀργέδαβον by Vasile Pârvan (1923)[6]

The inscription also refers to the Dacian king Burebista, and one interpretation is that Akornion was his chief adviser (Ancient Greek: πρῶτοσφίλος, literally "first friend") in Dionysopolis.[7] Other sources indicate that Akornion was sent as an ambassador of Burebista to Pompey, to discuss an alliance against Julius Caesar.[8]

This leads to the assumption that the mentioned Argedava was Burebista's capital of the Dacian kingdom. This source unfortunately doesn't mention the location of Argedava and historians opinions are split in two groups.

One school of thought, led by historians Constantin Daicoviciu and Hadrian Daicoviciu, assume the inscription talks about Argidava and place the potential capital of Burebista at Vărădia, Caraş-Severin County, Romania. The forms Argidava and Arcidava found in other ancient sources like Ptolemy's Geographia (c. 150 AD) and Tabula Peutingeriana (2nd century AD), clearly place a Dacian town with those names at this geographical location. The site is also close to Sarmizegetusa, a later Dacian capital.

Others, led by historian Vasile Pârvan and professor Radu Vulpe place Argedava at Popeşti, a district in the town of Mihăileşti, Giurgiu County, Romania. Arguments include the name connection with the Argeş River, geographical position on a potential road to Dionysopolis which Akornion followed, and most importantly the size of the archaeological discovery at Popeşti that hints to a royal palace. However no other sources seem to name the dava discovered at Popeşti, so no exact assumptions can be made about its Dacian name.

It is also quite possible for the two different davae to be just homonyms.

Unfortunately, the marble inscription is damaged in many areas, including right before the word Argedauon, and it is possible the original word could have been Sargedauon (Ancient Greek: Σαργεδαυον ) or Zargedauon. This form could potentially be linked to Zargidaua mentioned by Ptolemy at a different geographical location. Or again, these two could be simple homonyms.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Crisan 1978, p. 61.
  2. ^ Mihailov 1970.
  3. ^ Dittenberger 1898, p. 547.
  4. ^ Kalinka 1905, pp. 87,90-92.
  5. ^ Dittenberger & Hiller 1917, p. 446.
  6. ^ Pârvan 1923, pp. 14,29-30.
  7. ^ Daicoviciu 1972, p. 127.
  8. ^ Oltean 2007, p. 47.

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Argedava — Graphical reenactment, potentially Burebista s capital …   Wikipedia

  • Balchik — Балчик Coat of arms …   Wikipedia

  • Dacians — See also: Dacia, Getae, and Thracians Statues of Dacians surmounting the Arch of Constantine[1] (i.e. southern side, left) The Dacians (Latin …   Wikipedia

  • List of ancient cities in Thrace and Dacia — This is a list of ancient cities, towns, villages, and fortresses in and around Thrace and Dacia. A number of these settlements were Dacian and Thracian, but some were Celtic, Greek, Roman, Paeonian, or Persian. A number of cities in Dacia and… …   Wikipedia

  • National Historical Museum (Bulgaria) — Coordinates: 42°39′17.91″N 23°16′14.89″E / 42.654975°N 23.2708028°E / 42.654975; 23.2708028 …   Wikipedia

  • Mihăileşti — For the commune in Buzău County, see Mihăileşti, Buzău. Mihăileşti   Town   …   Wikipedia

  • List of Dacian names — Contents 1 Anthroponyms 2 Toponyms 2.1 Hydronyms 3 See also 4 Notes …   Wikipedia

  • Dava (Dacian) — Dava (plural davae) is a Geto Dacian name for a city, town or fortress. Generally, the name indicated a tribal center or an important settlement, usually fortified. Some of the Dacian settlements and the fortresses employed the Murus Dacicus… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.