- First Dacian War
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict= First Dacian War
place= Dacia, on the North border of the
Roman Empire, near the Black Sea.
result= Dacians surrender
DecebalusThe First Dacian War took place from 101A.D. to 102A.D. The kingdom of Dacia, under king Decebalus, had become a threat to Roman supremacy and had defeated several of Rome's armies during Domitian's reign ( 81- 96). The emperor Trajan was set on ridding this threat to Rome's power and in 101set out determined to defeat Dacia. After a year of heavy fighting, king Decebaluscame to terms and surrendered. When he broke these terms in 105, the Second Dacian Warbegan.
After gaining support from the
Roman Senateand its blessing for war, by 101, Trajanwas ready to advance on Dacia. This was a war in which the Roman military's ingenuity and engineering might were well demonstrated by a stone bridge later known as Trajan's bridgethat was constructed across the Danubeto assist with the legionaries' advance. The Roman offensive was spearheaded by two legionary columns, marching right to the heart of Dacia, burning towns and villages in the process. In 101, the Dacians led massive assaults on the Roman legions, but were defeated, but not after many Roman soldiers were killed. In 102Trajan moved his army down the Danubeto Oescus. There the Roman armies converged for a final assault and defeated the Dacian army at the Battle of Tapae. After the battle, plus some additional minor conflicts, Decebalus chose to surrender. The war, spanning only months, had concluded with a Roman victory.
Once Dacia was secured,
Decebalusreceived technical and military reinforcement from Trajanin order to create a powerful allied zone against the dangerous possible expeditions from the northern and eastern territories by the already moving migrator people. The resources were instead used to make the Dacian Kingdoma great independent power that would eventually rebel against Roman rule.
Second Dacian War
Battle of Tapae
# Scarre, Chris, "The Penguin Historical Atlas of Ancient Rome"
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