Dava (Dacian)

Dava (Dacian)

Dava (plural davae) is a Geto-Dacian name for a city, town or fortress. Generally, the name indicated a tribal center or an important settlement, usually fortified. Some of the Dacian settlements and the fortresses employed the Murus Dacicus traditional construction technique.

Many city names of the Dacians were composed of an initial lexical element (often the tribe name) affixed to -dava, -daua, -deva, -deba, -daba or -dova (<PIE *dhe-, "to set, place").[1].

Most of these towns are attested by Ptolemy, therefore date from the 1st century CE.

Therefore dava 'town' derived from the reconstructed proto-Indo-European *dhewa 'settlement' [2].

Many davae on the Roman Dacia selection from Tabula Peutingeriana
Davae in Dacia during Burebista


List of davae

Below is a list of Dacian towns which include various forms of dava in their name:

Onomastic range of the Dacian towns with the dava ending, covering Dacia, Moesia, Thrace and Dalmatia
Onomastic range of the Dacian towns with the dava ending, covering Dacia, Moesia, Thrace and Dalmatia
  • Acidava[3] (Acidaua), a fortress town close to the Danube. Located in today's Enoşeşti, Olt County, Romania
  • Aedava[4] (Aedeva, Aedabe, Aedeba or Aedadeba), placed by Procopius on the Danubian road between Augustae and Variana[1], in Moesia (the present Northern Bulgaria)
  • Aiadava[1] (Aiadaba or Aeadaba, Greek: Αἰάδαβα[5]), was a locality in the Remesiana region, present Bela Palanka, Serbia.[6]
  • Argedava[7] (Argedauon, Sargedava, Sargedauon, Zargedava, Zargedauon, Ancient Greek: Αργεδαυον, Σαργεδαυον), mentioned in the Decree of Dionysopolis, potentially the dava discovered at Popeşti, a district in the town of Mihăileşti, Giurgiu County, Romania and maybe Burebista's court/capital
  • Argidava (Argidaua, Arcidava, Arcidaua, Argedava, Argedauon, Sargedava, Sargedauon, Zargedava, Zargedauon, Ancient Greek: Ἀργίδαυα, Αργεδαυον, Σαργεδαυον), potentially Burebista's court/capital, located in today's Vărădia, Caraş-Severin County, Romania
  • Bregedaba
  • Buricodava[3]
  • Buridava[8] or Burridava, today's Ocnele Mari, Romania
  • Buteridava[3]
  • Capidava[3] or Kapidaua, a fortress town on the southern side of the lower Danube
  • Carsidava or Karsidaua
  • Cumidava[3], Comidava or Komidaua, ancient Râşnov, Romania
  • Dausdava, Dausadava or Dausdavua[3], "The shrine of wolves", a fortress town close to the Danube
  • Desudaba
  • Docidava or Dokidaua
  • Gildova[9] or Gildoba, located alongside the Vistula river
  • Giridava[9]
  • Itadeba[9] or Itadava, in north eastern Republic of Macedonia
  • Jidava[3], near Câmpulung Muscel, Romania
  • Jidova[3]
  • Klepidaua
  • Kuimedaba
  • Marcodava or Markodaua
  • Murideba
  • Nentinava[8] or Netindaua, ancient Slobozia, Romania
  • Nentivava[3], ancient Olteniţa, Romania
  • Patridava or Patridaua
  • Pelendava[3] or Pelendova, ancient Craiova, Romania
  • Perburidava
  • Petrodava[8] or Petrodaua located in Piatra Neamţ
  • Piroboridava or Piroboridaua
  • Pulpudeva, originally named Eumolpias by the Dacians. Philip II of Macedon conquered the area in 342-341 BC and renamed the city Philippoupolis (Greek: Φιλιππούπολις), of which the later Dacian name for the city, Pulpu-deva, is a reconstructed translation. Today's city of Plovdiv in Bulgaria.
  • Quemedava, mentioned by Procopius in Dardania [10]
  • Ramidava or Rhamidaua
  • Recidava
  • Rusidava[3] or Rusidava
  • Sacidava or Sacidaba
  • Sagadava
  • Sandava
  • Sangidaua
  • Scaidava or Skedeba
  • Setidava[3] or Setidaua, mentioned by Ptolemy as a thriving settlement
  • Singidava or Singidaua
  • Sucidava[3], Suvidava or Sukidaua located in Corabia, Olt County, Romania
  • Susudava[3], mentioned by Ptolemy as a thriving settlement
  • Sykidaba
  • Tamasidava or Tamasidaua
  • Thermidaua or Germidava,[11] a town in Dalmatia, probably found by immigrants from Dacia and mentioned by Ptolemy,[12] near Scodra [10]
  • Utidava or Utidaua
  • Zargidava or Zargidaua
  • Ziridava or Ziridaua
  • Zisnedeva[3], Zisnudeva or Zisnudeba, located in Dacian Moesia
  • Zucidaua
  • Zisnudeba
  • Zusidava

See also


  1. ^ a b c Olteanu.
  2. ^ Polome 1982, p. 886.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Grumeza 2009, p. 13.
  4. ^ Velkov 1977, p. 92.
  5. ^ *Procopii Caesariensis opera omnia. Edited by J. Haury; revised by G. Wirth. 3 vols. Leipzig: Teubner, 1976-64. Greek text.
  6. ^ TSR9, Proc. 123. 26
  7. ^ Grumeza 2009, p. 88.
  8. ^ a b c Grumeza 2009, p. 12.
  9. ^ a b c Grumeza 2009, p. 14.
  10. ^ a b Ethnic continuity in the Carpatho-Danubian area by Elemér Illyés,1988,ISBN 0-88033-146-1,page 223
  11. ^ Five Roman emperors: Vespasian, Titus, Domitian, Nerva, Trajan, A.D. 69-117 - by Bernard William Henderson - 1969, page 278,"At Thermidava he was warmly greeted by folk quite obviously Dacians"
  12. ^ The Geography by Ptolemy, Edward Luther Stevenson,1991,page 36


External links