List of Romanian words of possible Dacian origin

List of Romanian words of possible Dacian origin

This is a list of Romanian words believed to be of Dacian origin and thus representing the Eastern Romance substratum. In fact, it is not clear if they belonged to the Dacian language or the Thracian language (or both), as the relation between the two is uncertain, and that both Dacian and Thracian are very poorly attested. This list does not include the Dacian plant names, collected by Dioscorides and Pseudo-Apuleius.

The "Sources" column indicates the linguist(s) or the works who suggested including the words in the list:

*"Hasdeu": Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu, "Etymologicum Magnum Romaniae".
*"Russu": Ion I. Russu, "Limba traco-dacilor", published in 1967 at Editura Ştiinţifică. The words that have been identified by I. I. Russu to have cognates in Albanian are marked with "(Alb.)".
*"Vraciu": Ariton Vraciu, "Limba daco-geţilor", published in 1980 at Editura Facla, Timişoara.
*"NODEX": "Noul dicţionar explicativ al limbii române" ("The New Dictionary of the Romanian Language"), Litera Internaţional Publishing House, 2002. In this dictionary substratum words are labeled "cuvînt autohton" ("native word").
*"Olteanu": Sorin Olteanu, "The TDM Palatal". [en icon ro icon Sorin Olteanu, [ "The TDM Palatal"] ]

The "Notes" column contains information found in various dictionaries. "Not in current use" indicates words not found in dictionaries of contemporary Romanian.


*ro icon Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu, "Etymologicum Magnum Romaniae", 1887-1895
*ro icon Ion. I. Russu, "Limba traco-dacilor", Editura Ştiinţifică, Bucureşti, 1967
*ro icon Ion. I. Russu, "Elemente autohtone în limba română", Editura Academiei RSR, Bucureşti, 1970
*ro icon Ion. I. Russu, "Etnogeneza românilor", Editura Ştiinţifică şi Enciclopedică, Bucureşti, 1981
*ro icon Ariton Vraciu, "Limba daco-geţilor", Editura Facla, Timişoara, 1980
*ro icon Alexandru Ciorănescu, "Dicţionarul etimologic român", Universidad de la Laguna, Tenerife, 1958-1966 (in part available online at [ DEX online] )
*ro icon George Pruteanu, [ "Limba traco-dacilor"] , transcript of a TV show broadcast March 25 and 26, 1996, on PRO TV; the transcript is followed by a "List of words considered by specialists as most probably belonging to the Dacian language".
*ro icon [ DEX online: a collection of Romanian dictionaries]
* [ Albanian <-> English Dictionary]


ee also

*List of Dacian plant names

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