The Troglodytae or Troglodyti (literally "cave goers"), were a people mentioned in various locations by many ancient Greek and Roman geographers and historians including
Agatharcides, Strabo, Diodorus Siculus, Pliny, Tacitus, Josephus, etc. The earlier references call them Trogodytes, which was evidently altered later by folk-etymology from Greek "troglē", cave. They were usually placed in the desert along the African side of the Red Seacoast, from Berenice Troglodyticasouthward as far as Somalia. They have been connected with the modern Afarand neighboring peoples, as well as with the Tuareg.
Troglodytis in Flavius Josephus
After the death of Sarah,
Abrahammarried Keturahand fathered six sons who in turn fathered many more. "Now, for all these sons and grandsons, Abraham contrived to settle them in colonies; and they took possession of Troglodytis, and the country of Arabia the Happy, ..." [ Josephus, Flavius, "Antiquities", 1.15.1]
The "Troglodytis" Josephus refers to here is probably in the Dead Sea Rift region of Israel and Jordan, and not Africa. The region was originally inhabited by the
Horites, predecessors to the Edomites, and it is in this area that the famous Nabataeancity of Petralies.
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TROGLODYTAE — populi Aethiop. sub Aegypto in ora occidentali sinus Arabici et Barbarici, quorum regio Sirfia nominatur, teste Castaldô. Hi in specubus habitantes (7nde nomen) paupertatem colebant, serpentibus vescentes, teste Melâ, l. 1. c. 4. Hîc esse lacum,… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
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PISCIS — I. PISCIS Graecis dictus Νότιος, i. e. Australis, ut et Hygino in Poet. Astron. et Ciceroni in Arateis; Germanici Interpreti Magnus, qui de eo sic scribit. Piscis magnus, cuius nepotes dicuntur Pisces. qui in circulo Zodiaco constituti sunt,… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Troglodyte — may refer to:* A member of a primitive race or tribe of cave dwellers, a caveman. * A person who lives in seclusion, a hermit. * One of a group of people who built homes into the faces of cliffs, connected by underground passageways, such as in… … Wikipedia
Troglodytidae — Troglodytae Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus … Wikipedia Español
TESTUDO — I. TESTUDO Hebr. gal, a testae forma, quae fere est orbicularis, Graece χελώνη. Arab. sulachaphia, quasi cortice vel putamine latens; et in specie mas, gailam, a libidine. Terrestris enim testudo, ζῶον λαγνίςατον ἀλλ᾿ ὅγε ἀῤῥην ὁμιλεῖ δὲ ἡθήλεια… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Troglodyte — Trog lo*dyte, n. [L. troglodytae, pl., Gr. ? one who creeps into holes; ? a hole, cavern (fr. ? to gnaw) + ? enter: cf. F. troglodyte.] 1. (Ethnol.) One of any savage race that dwells in caves, instead of constructing dwellings; a cave dweller,… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
troglodyte — noun Etymology: Latin troglodytae, plural, from Greek trōglodytai, from trōglē hole, cave (akin to Greek trōgein to gnaw, Armenian aracem I lead to pasture, graze) + dyein to enter Date: 1555 1. a member of any of various peoples (as in… … New Collegiate Dictionary
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