Coat of arms
Coordinates: Coordinates: Country Bulgaria Province (Oblast) Dobrich Elevation 199 m (653 ft) Population (2009-12-31) - Total 12,196 Time zone EET (UTC+2) - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3) Postal Code 9600 Area code(s) 0579
Balchik (Bulgarian: Балчик) is a Black Sea coastal town and seaside resort in the Southern Dobruja area of northeastern Bulgaria. It is located in Dobrich Oblast and is 42 km northeast of Varna. The town sprawls scenically along hilly terraces descending from the Dobruja plateau to the sea.
Founded as a Thracian settlement, it was later colonised by the Ionian ancient Greeks with the name Krounoi (renamed as Dionysopolis, after the discovery of a statue of Dionysus in the sea ). Later became a Greek-Byzantine and Bulgarian fortress. Under the Ottoman Empire, the town came to be known with its present name, which perhaps derived from a Gagauz word meaning "small town". Another opinion is that its actual name derived from Balik's name.
After the liberation of Bulgaria in 1878, Balchik developed as centre of a rich agricultural region, wheat-exporting port, and district (okoliya) town, and later, as a major tourist destination with the beachfront resort of Albena to its south. The ethnic composition gradually changed from mostly Gagauz and Tatar/Turkish to predominantly Bulgarian. According to an estimate by Bulgarian historian Rayna Gavrilova the Bulgarian population before 1878 was only around 10%. Currently the municipality (the town plus 22 villages) is 69.2% Bulgarian, 16.2% Turkish minority and 12.3% Romani. An Ottoman mosque remains to serve the Muslim minority.
After the Second Balkan War, in 1913, the town, styled Balcic, became part of the Kingdom of Romania. It was regained by Bulgaria during World War I (1916–1919), but Romania restored its authority when hostilities in the region ceased. In 1940, just before the outbreak of World War II in the region, Balchik was ceded by Romania to Bulgaria by the terms of the Craiova Treaty.
During Romania's administration, the Balchik Palace was the favourite summer residence of Queen Marie of Romania and her immediate family. The town is the site of Marie's Oriental villa, the place where her heart was kept, in accordance with her last wishes, until 1940 (when the Treaty of Craiova awarded the region back to Bulgaria). It was then moved to Bran Castle, in central Romania. Today, the Balchik Palace and the adjacent Balchik Botanical Garden are the town's most popular landmarks. Currently, three 18-hole golf courses are being developed around town, two designed by Gary Player and one by Ian Woosnam.
During the inter-war period, Balchik was also a favourite destination for Romanian avant-garde painters, lending his name to an informal school of post-impressionist painters - the Balchik School of Painting - which is central in the development of Romanian 20th century painting. Many works of the artists composing the group depict the town's houses and the exotic Tatar inhabitants, as well as the sea.
- Francis Ford Coppola spent 11 days at the Balchik palace shooting scenes of Youth Without Youth.
- Balchik Ridge, in Antarctica, is named after the town.
- The currently unused Balchik Airfield is envisaged to be prepared for low-cost airlines, especially from Russia .
- ^ (English) Bulgarian National Statistical Institute - towns in 2009
- ^ (English) „WorldCityPopulation“
- ^ „pop-stat.mashke.org“
- ^ An inventory of archaic and classical poleis By Mogens Herman Hansen, Thomas Heine Nielsen, Kobenhavns universitet. Polis centret Page 932 ISBN 0198140991
- ^ 
- ^ Gavrilova, Raina:"Bulgarian urban culture in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries" p.47.
- ^ http://www.strategy.bg/FileHandler.ashx?fileId=166, p.36
- ^ Balcica Maciuca, Balcic, Editura Universalia, Bucuresti, 2001
- ^ Hotels in Bulgaria project surge in Russian tourist arrivals at Balchik airport, The Sofia Echo, 8. August 2011.
- Crisan, Ion Horatiu (1978). Burebista and His Time. Bucharest: Bibliotheca Historica Romaniae.
- Mihailov, Georgi (1970) (in Latin and Ancient Greek). Inscriptiones graecae in Bulgaria repertae. 1 (2nd ed.). Sofia: In aedibus typographicis Academiae Litterarum Bulgaricae.
- Oltean, Ioana Adina (2007). Dacia: landscape, colonisation and romanisation. Routledge. ISBN 0415412528. http://books.google.com/books?id=wgvH2j7dWuEC.
- Balchik.com - Hotels, Restaurants, News, Events and Properties
- - Online catalog of Balchik
- Balchik Photos
- Ancient coinage from Dionysopolis
- Searchable Greek Inscriptions at The Packard Humanities Institute (PHI) - Segment from Decree of Dionysopolis reviewed in Inscriptiones graecae in Bulgaria repertae by Georgi Mihailov
- Quiet Nest Palace
- International Art Forum - WithoutBorders - The Palace - Balchik
- In The Palace International Short Film Festival, Balchik
Bulgarian Black Sea resorts Dobrujan Black Sea coast
(Northern coast, Dobrich Province)
Moesian Black Sea coast
(Central coast, Varna Province)
Asparuhovo · Briz · Byala · Chaika · Chernomorets · Golden Sands · Emona · Euxinograd · Fichoza · Galata · Irakli (Burgas Province) · Kabakum · Kamchia (resort) · Kara Dere · Luna · Obzor (Burgas Province) · Pasha Dere · Prostor · Rakitnika · Rai · Riviera · Romantika · Constantine and Helena · Shkorpilovtsi · Sunny Day · Trakata · Varna
Thracian Black Sea coast
(Southern coast, Burgas Province)
Agalina · Alepu · Aheloy · Ahtopol · Arapia · Arkutino · Atia · Begliktash · Burgas · Chernomorets · Chervenka · Dyuni · Evropa · Gradina · Kavatsite · Kiten · Kolokita · Koral · Kosharitsa · Kraimorie · Lazurno More · Lozenets · Nesebar · Nestinarka · Perla · Pomorie · Primorsko · Raiski Zaliv · Ravda · Rezovo · Robinzon · Ropotamo · Sarafovo · Silistar · Sinemorets · Smokinya · Sozopol · Sunny Beach · St. Anastasia Island · St. Cyricus Island · St. Ivan Island · Stomoplo · St. Peter Island · St. Thomas Island · Sveti Vlas · Tsarevo · Veselie · Varvara · Zlatna Ribka
Tourism in Bulgaria Capital: Balchik Villages Landmarks CultureBalfest, Protses-Prostranstvo Notable people
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Balchik — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Balchik Bandera … Wikipedia Español
Balchik — Original name in latin Balchik Name in other language Balchik, Balchiq, Balcic, Baltchik, Baltschik, Балчик State code BG Continent/City Europe/Sofia longitude 43.41667 latitude 28.16667 altitude 141 Population 13000 Date 2012 01 18 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Balchik — Sp Balčikas Ap Балчик/Balchik L ŠR Bulgarija … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Balchik Apart — (Балчик,Болгария) Категория отеля: Адрес: Magnoliya street, 9600 Балчик, Болгария … Каталог отелей
Balchik Apartments — (Балчик,Болгария) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: 29 Primosrka Str., 9 … Каталог отелей
Balchik Apartments — (Балчик,Болгария) Категория отеля: Адрес: Primorska Street, 9600 Балчик, Болгария … Каталог отелей
Balchik English House — (Балчик,Болгария) Категория отеля: Адрес: 3 Samara str., 9600 Балчик, Болгари … Каталог отелей
Balchik Tuzlata Recover — (Балчик,Болгария) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: Tuzlata Area, 9 … Каталог отелей
Balchik Ridge — (Balchishki Rid al chish ki rid) is a 1.3km long narrow ridge in Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica with a highest point of 550m. The ridge adjoins the col linking Silistra Knoll and Peshev Ridge and surmounts Boyana Glacier… … Wikipedia
Balchik Palace — The Balchik Palace ( bg. Дворец в Балчик, Dvorets v Balchik ; ro. Castelul din Balcic) is a palace in the Bulgarian Black Sea town and resort of Balchik in Southern Dobruja. The official name of the palace was the Quiet Nest Palace. It was… … Wikipedia