"also see Brian Michael Bendis"

Bendis was a Thracian goddess of the moon and the hunt [ [ BENDIS : Thracian goddess of the moon & hunting ; mythology ; pictures ] ] whom the Greeks identified with Artemis, and hence with the other two aspects of the former Minoan Triple Goddess, Hecate and Persephone. She was a huntress, like Artemis, but was accompanied by dancing satyrs and maenads on a fifth century red-figure stemless cup (at Verona). More than Olympian Artemis, Bendis remained a night-goddess, which linked her with Hecate.

By a decree of the oracle of Dodona, which required the Athenians to grant land for a shrine or temple her cult was introduced into Attica by immigrant Thracian residents, [Extensive discussion of whether the date is 429 or 413 BCE was reviewed and newly analyzed in Christopher Planeaux, "The Date of Bendis' Entry into Attica" "The Classical Journal" 96.2 (December 2000:165-192.] Planeaux offers a reconstruction of the inscription mentioninmg the first introduction, p] and, though Thracian and Athenian processions remained separate, both cult and festival became so popular that in Plato's time (ca. 429-13 BCE) its festivities were naturalized as an official ceremonial of the city-state, called the Bendideia. [Fifth-cenury fragmentary inscriptions that record formal descrees regarding formal aspects of the Bendis cult, are reproduced in Planeaux 2000:170f] Among the events were nighttime torch-races on horseback, mentioned in Plato's "Republic", 328::"You haven't heard that there is to be a torchlight race this evening on horseback in honor of the Goddess?” “On horseback?” said I. “That is a new idea. Will they carry torches and pass them along to one another as they race with the horses, or how do you mean?” “That's the way of it,” said Polemarchus, “and, besides, there is to be a night festival which will be worth seeing." The 'Bendideia' also featured a solemn joint procession of Athenians and Thracians to the Goddess's sanctuary, located at the harbor of Piraeus. A red-figure cup (skyphos) (at Tübingen University), of ca 440-430, seems to commemorate the arrival of the newly-authorized cult; it shows Themis (representing traditional Athenian customs) and a booted and cloaked Bendis, who wears a Thracian fox-skin cap. A small marble votive stele of Bendis, ca. 350-325 BCE, found at Piraeus, (British Museum, "illustration, left") shows the goddess and her worshippers in bas-relief. The image shows that the Thracian goddess has been strongly influenced by Athenian conceptions of Artemis: Bendis wears a short chiton like Artemis, but with an Asiatic snug-sleeved undergarment. She is wrapped in an animal skin like Artemis and has a spear, but has a hooded Thracian mantle, fastened with a brooch. She wears high boots. In the fourth century BCE terracotta figurine at the Louvre ("illustration, right") she is similarly attired and once carried a (wooden?) spear. Elsewhere in Greece, the cult of Bendis did not catch on.:"Just as in all other respects the Athenians continue to be hospitable to things foreign, so also in their worship of the gods; for they welcomed so many of the foreign rites that they were ridiculed for it by comic writers; and among these were the Thracian and Phrygian rites." --Strabo "Geography" (1st Century CE), 10.3.18. The "Phrygian rites" Strabo mentioned referred to the cult of Cybele that was also welcomed to Athens in the 5th century.

The Athenians may have been blending the cult of Bendis with the equally Dionysiac Thracian revels of Kotys, mentioned by Aeschylus. Archaic female cult figures that are unearthed in Thrace or Bulgaria now tend to be identified with Bendis.

Modern followers of the Goddess have revived a cult of Bendis.


External links

* [ Perseus Digital Library.]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bendis — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Este artículo es sobre Bendis, la diosa tracia. Para el escritor y dibujante de comics, véase Brian Michael Bendis. Artemisa Bendis, figurilla moldeada en terracota, (Tanagra?) c. 350 a. C., (Louvre) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bendis — Bendis, thrakische Göttin, deren Wesen die Griechen bestimmte, sie mit Artemis, auch mit Hekate und Persephone gleichzusetzen. Ihr Kult kam durch thrakische Metöken auch nach Attika und fand dort solchen Anklang, daß im 5. Jahrh. v. Chr. ein… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bendis — Bendis, thracische, auch in Athen verehrte Göttin, mit Artemis (s.d.) identificirt, daher hieß auch der dem lakedämonischen Artemisios entsprechende Monat bei den Bithyniern Bendidäos (Bendidĭos). Ihr Tempel Bendideion stand zu Athen im Piräeus,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bendis — BENDIS, ĭdis, Gr. Βένδις, ιδος, ist bey den Thraciern so viel, als die Diana, Hesych. in Βενδιδία, s. p. 188. deren Fest von den Atheniensern Bendidia genannt wurde Strabo L. X. p. 470. Man feyerte es den 20sten des Monates Thorgelion, in dem… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Bendis — était une déesse de la lune à qui étaient dédiées les Bendidées en Grèce antique. Portail de la mythologie grecque …   Wikipédia en Français

  • BENDIS — linguâ Thracum Diana dicitur. Per Βένδιν autem intelligi terram, ostendunt haec verba Hesychii, Μεγάλη θεὸς, Α᾿ριςτοφάνης ἔφη τήν Βένδιν, Θρακία γὰρ θεός. Eandem vero Lunam esse testis est Palaephatus, c. 32. ubi agit de filiabus Phorcynis,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

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  • Bendis — Artemis/Bendis, ca. 350 v. Chr., (Louvre) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Bendis — Bẹndis,   griechisch Bendịs, thrakische Göttin, von den Griechen besonders der Artemis gleichgestellt und zusammen mit der Adrasteia verehrt. Ihr origiastischer Kult kam etwa 430 v. Chr. nach Athen und wurde aus politischen Gründen vom Staat… …   Universal-Lexikon

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