- David Franklin Houston
David Franklin Houston File:File:Emancipation proclamation.jpg 11th President of Texas A&M University In office
Preceded by Roger Haddock Whitlock Succeeded by Henry Hill Harrington 4th President of the University of Texas at Austin In office
Preceded by William Lambdin Prather Succeeded by Sidney Edward Mezes 8th Chancellor of Washington University in St. Louis In office
Preceded by Winfield Scott Chaplin Succeeded by Frederic Aldin Hall 5th United States Secretary of Agriculture In office
March 6, 1913 – February 2, 1920
Preceded by James Wilson Succeeded by Edwin T. Meredith 48th United States Secretary of the Treasury In office
February 2, 1920 – March 3, 1921
Preceded by Carter Glass Succeeded by Andrew W. Mellon Personal details Born February 17, 1866
Monroe, North Carolina, U.S.
Died September 2, 1940(aged 74)
Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center, New York City
Political party Democratic Alma mater University of South Carolina
Born in Monroe, North Carolina, he graduated from the University of South Carolina in 1887 and went on to do graduate work at Harvard University, where he received a M.A. in political science in 1892.
Houston taught political science at University of Texas. He became an adjunct member of the faculty in 1894 and was named dean of the faculty in 1899. He then became president of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas (now Texas A&M University) from 1902 until 1905. In 1905 he returned to UT to become that institution's president, serving until 1908. During his tenure at UT Austin, the school opened a doctoral program and a law school.
Houston left Texas to serve as chancellor of Washington University in St. Louis, a position he held from 1908 to 1913. During his tenure he established the School of Architecture and strengthened the Medical School through partnerships with Children's and Barnes hospitals. He left the University to become the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture.
Under President William McKinley he was on the board of visitors of the United States Military Academy at West Point. Later in life, he was an overseer of Harvard University and on the Columbia University board of trustees.
During his time as Agriculture Secretary many important agricultural laws were passed by the U.S. Congress, including the Smith-Lever Act, the Farm Loan Act, the Warehouse Act, and the Federal Aid Road Act.
Houston came to the Treasury Department as World War I was ending and his brief tenure was marked by stormy controversies over federal monetary policies. As ex officio Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board, he issued severe warnings and, increased rediscount rates in order to prevent the inflation that the European allies were experiencing. Houston predicted a fall in U.S. prices, particularly of farm products, after the optimism of the Armistice wore off. He pushed for easier credit for farmers and urged them to produce less.
But when prices fell more dramatically than expected in 1920, farm spokesmen unfairly accused Houston of deliberately wrecking agrarian prosperity. Abroad, England and France were pushing to cancel their war debts. Houston, the U.S. Congress and the President, against cancellation, converted the short-term debts to long-term loans. Houston resigned at the end of Wilson's term, after only a year in office.
After leaving the U.S. federal government, Houston became President of Bell Telephone Securities and a vice president at AT&T. Houston also served as a director of the AT&T, the Guaranty Trust Company and the United States Steel Corporation. He was president of the Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York for 10 years.
Houston published A Critical Study of Nullification in South Carolina (1896) to establish his place in academia. He later published a two-volume memoir of his experiences as a cabinet member, Eight Years with Wilson's Cabinet.
- ^ a b c d e f g "David Franklin Houston". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/HH/fho70.html. Retrieved 2011-04-07.
- ^ "David Franklin Houston". Christian Science Monitor. February 3, 1920. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/csmonitor_historic/access/298695792.html?dids=298695792:298695792&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:AI&date=Feb+03%2C+1920&author=&pub=Christian+Science+Monitor&desc=David+Franklin+Houston&pqatl=google. Retrieved 2011-04-07. "The promotion, for such it must be regarded, of David Franklin Houston, for almost seven years Secretary of Agriculture in the Cabinet of President Wilson, ..."
- ^ "David F. Houston, Wilson's Secretary of Agriculture, Dies". Los Angeles Times. September 3, 1940. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/410289221.html?dids=410289221:410289221&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:AI&type=historic&date=Sep+03%2C+1940&author=&pub=Los+Angeles+Times&desc=David+F.+Houston%2C+Wilson's+Secretary+of+Agriculture%2C+Dies&pqatl=google. Retrieved 2011-04-07. "David Franklin Houston, 74, life insurance company executive, former educator and a member of Woodrow Wilson's Cabinet through the World War President's eight years in office, died at the Harkness Pavilion today after a brief illness."
Academic offices Preceded by
Roger Haddock Whitlock
List of Texas A&M University presidents
1902 – 1905
Henry Hill Harrington
William Lambdin Prather
President of the University of Texas at Austin
1905 – 1908
Sidney Edward Mezes
Winfield Scott Chaplin
Chancellors of Washington University in St. Louis
1908 – 1917
Frederic Aldin Hall
Political offices Preceded by
United States Secretary of Agriculture
Served under: Woodrow Wilson
March 6, 1913 – February 2, 1920
Edwin T. Meredith
United States Secretary of the Treasury
Served under: Woodrow Wilson
February 2, 1920 – March 3, 1921
Andrew W. Mellon
United States Secretaries of Agriculture United States Secretaries of the TreasuryHamilton • Wolcott • Dexter • Gallatin • Campbell • Dallas • Crawford • Rush • Ingham • McLane • Duane • Taney • Woodbury • Ewing • Forward • Spencer • Bibb • Walker • Meredith • Corwin • Guthrie • Cobb • Thomas • Dix • Chase • Fessenden • McCulloch • Boutwell • Richardson • Bristow • Morrill • Sherman • Windom • Folger • Gresham • McCulloch • Manning • Fairchild • Windom • Foster • Carlisle • Gage • Shaw • Cortelyou • MacVeagh • McAdoo • Glass • Houston • Mellon • Mills • Woodin • Morgenthau • Vinson • Snyder • Humphrey • Anderson • Dillon • Fowler • Barr • Kennedy • Connally • Shultz • Simon • Blumenthal • Miller • Regan • Baker • Brady • Bentsen • Rubin • Summers • O'Neill • Snow • Paulson • Geithner Cabinet of President Woodrow Wilson (1913–1921) Vice PresidentThomas R. Marshall (1913–1921) Secretary of State Secretary of the Treasury Secretary of WarLindley Miller Garrison (1913–1916) • Newton D. Baker (1916–1921) Attorney General Postmaster GeneralAlbert S. Burleson (1913–1921) Secretary of the NavyJosephus Daniels (1913–1921) Secretary of the Interior Secretary of AgricultureDavid F. Houston (1913–1920) • Edwin Thomas Meredith (1920–1921) Secretary of CommerceWilliam C. Redfield (1913–1919) • Joshua W. Alexander (1919–1921) Secretary of LaborWilliam Bauchop Wilson (1912–1921)
Joseph Gibson Hoyt (1858) · William Chauvenet (1863) · Abram Litton (1869) · William Greenleaf Eliot (1870) · Marshall Snow (1887) · Winfield Scott Chaplin (1891) · Marshall Snow (1907) · David F. Houston (1908) · Frederic Aldin Hall (1917) · Herbert S. Hadley (1923) · George R. Throop (1927) · Henry Brookings Wallace (1944) · Arthur Compton (1946) · Ethan A.H. Shepley (1954) · Carl Tolman (1961) · Thomas H. Eliot (1962) · William Henry Danforth (1971) · Mark S. Wrighton (1995)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
David Franklin Houston — Porträt von D.F. Houston im Finanzministerium David Franklin Houston (* 17. Februar 1866 in Monroe), North Carolina; † 2. September 1940) war ein US amerikanischer Geschäftsmann, demokratischer Politiker … Deutsch Wikipedia
David F. Houston — Infobox US Cabinet official name=David Franklin Houston order=5th title=United States Secretary of Agriculture term start=March 6, 1913 term end=February 2, 1920 predecessor=James Wilson successor=Edwin T. Meredith order2=48th title2=United… … Wikipedia
David F. Houston — Porträt von D.F. Houston im Finanzministerium David Franklin Houston (* 17. Februar 1866 in Monroe), North Carolina; † 2. September 1940) war ein US amerikanischer Geschäftsmann, demokratischer Politiker, Landwirtschaftsminister und … Deutsch Wikipedia
David Franklin — may refer to: David Franklin (artist), Irish artist David Franklin (actor), Australian actor principally known for his roles as Lieutenant/Captain Meeklo Braca on Farscape and Brutus on Xena: Warrior Princess David Franklin (broadcaster), British … Wikipedia
Franklin Knight Lane — Franklin Knight Lane, à droite, en compagnie de Albert S … Wikipédia en Français
David Matthew Kennedy — Porträt von Kennedy im US Finanzministerium David Matthew Kennedy (* 21. Juli 1905 in Randolph (Utah); † 1. Mai 1996 in Salt Lake City) war ein US amerikanischer Geschäftsmann, Diplomat, Politiker sowie Finanzminister … Deutsch Wikipedia
David W. Carter High School — Location 1819 W. Wheatland Road Dallas, TX 75232 United States Information Type … Wikipedia
David Lasley — (born August 20, 1947 in Branch, Michigan) is an American singer songwriter, best known for his contributions as a background singer for such artists as Bonnie Raitt, James Taylor and Luther Vandross. Lasley started his music career in his teens … Wikipedia
David Beckham — Situation actuelle … Wikipédia en Français
David Morales — (* 21. August 1961 in Brooklyn, New York, NY, USA) ist ein US amerikanischer House Musiker puerto ricanischer Abstammung und gehört zu den bestbezahlten DJs der Welt. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biographie 2 Diskographie … Deutsch Wikipedia