- Robert Lansing
: "For the actor, see
Robert Lansing (actor)."
Infobox US Cabinet official
United States Secretary of State
June 24, 1915
February 13, 1920
William Jennings Bryan
Watertown, New York, U.S.
death_date=death date and age|1928|10|30|1864|10|17
New York City, New York, U.S.
Robert Lansing (
October 17, 1864– October 30, 1928) served in the position of Legal Advisor to the State Department at the outbreak of World War Iwhere he vigorously advocated against Britain's policy of blockade and in favor of the principles of freedom of the seas and the rights of neutral nations. He then served as United States Secretary of Stateunder President Woodrow Wilsonbetween 1915 and 1920. He was nominated to the office after William Jennings Bryan's resignation. He negotiated the LansingIshii Agreementwith Japanin 1917 and was a member of the American Commission to Negotiate Peaceat Parisin 1919.
Born in Watertown,
New York, he graduated from Amherst Collegein 1886 and was admitted to the bar in 1889. From then until 1907 he was a member of the law firm of Lansing & Lansing at Watertown. An authority on international law, he served as associate counsel for the United States in the Bering Sea Arbitrationin 1892-93, as counsel for the United States Bering Sea Claims Commission in 1896-97, as solicitor for the government before the Alaskan Boundary Tribunalin 1903, as counsel for the North Atlantic Fisheries in the Arbitration at The Haguein 1909-10, and as agent of the United States in the American and British Arbitration in 1912-14. In 1914 Lansing was appointed by President Wilson counselor to the State Department.
benevolent neutralityin World War I, and eventually of American participation. According to the 1972 book "Lusitania" by Colin Simpson, a reporter with the London Sunday Times, Mr. Lansing actively participated in covering up the fact that the passenger liner Lusitania was carrying weapons for the British. The sinking of the Lusitania by the German U-boat U-20 was a major factor in the eventual entry of the United States into World War I. Mr. Lansing's activities in covering up the facts regarding the sinking led to an irreparable breach between him and Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan. As a result of this rift, Bryan resigned, and Lansing assumed his former superior's office. In 1916, using funds discretionary to himself, he hired a handful of men to become the State Department's first special agents in the new Bureau of Secret Intelligence. These agents were initially utilized to observe Central power activities in America, and later to watch over interned German diplomats. The small group of agents hired by Lansing would eventually become the Diplomatic Security Service(DSS) many years later.
In 1919, he became the nominal head of the U.S. commission to the Paris Peace Conference. Because he did not regard the
League of Nationsas essential to the peace treaty, Lansing began to fall out of favor with Wilson. During Wilson's stroke and illness, Lansing called the cabinet together for consultations on several occasions. In addition, Lansing was the first cabinet member to suggest that Vice President Thomas R. Marshallassume the powers of the presidency. Wilson was disturbed by Lansing's independence, and Lansing resigned in 1920 at Wilson's request. Afterward, he practiced law in New York City.
His nephews include
John Foster Dulles, who also became a U.S. Secretary of State, and Allen Welsh Dulles, a Director of Central Intelligence.
He became associate editor of the "American Journal of International Law", and with Gary M. Jones was author of "Government: Its Origin, Growth, and Form in the United States" (1902). He wrote: "The Big Four and Others at the Peace Conference" (1921) and "The Peace Negotiations" (1922).
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=21919 Robert Lansing's Gravesite]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Robert Lansing — (né le 17 octobre 1864 à Watertown mort le 30 octobre 1928) était un homme politique américain. Il fut le 42e Secrétaire d État des États Unis sous la présidence de Woodrow Wilson. Il crée … Wikipédia en Français
Robert Lansing — ist der Name folgender Personen: Robert Lansing (Politiker) (1864–1928), amerikanischer Politiker Robert Lansing (Schauspieler) (1928–1994), amerikanischer Schauspieler Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unter … Deutsch Wikipedia
Robert Lansing — … Википедия
Robert Lansing — (1864 1928) American politician, Secretary of State during the Wilson administration, head of the U.S. delegation to the Paris Peace Conference … English contemporary dictionary
Robert Lansing (Schauspieler) — Robert Lansing (* 5. Juni 1928 in San Diego, Kalifornien, USA; † 23. Oktober 1994 in New York, USA), eigentlich Robert Howell Brown, war ein US amerikanischer Schauspieler, der in etlichen Filmen, Fernsehserien und Theaterstücken mitwirkte. Leben … Deutsch Wikipedia
Robert Lansing (Politiker) — Robert Lansing Robert Lansing (* 17. Oktober 1864 in Watertown, New York; † 30. Oktober 1928) war Außenminister (Secretary of State) der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika. Leben Lansing sammelte bereits vor dem Ersten Weltkri … Deutsch Wikipedia
Robert Lansing (actor) — Infobox actor name = FULLPAGENAME birthdate = birth date|1928|6|5|mf=y birthplace = deathdate = death date and age|1994|10|23|1928|6|5|mf=y deathplace = Robert Lansing (June 5, 1928 – October 23, 1994) was a Jewish American stage, film, and… … Wikipedia
Robert Howell Brown — Robert Lansing (* 5. Juni 1928 in San Diego, Kalifornien, USA; † 23. Oktober 1994 in New York, USA), eigentlich Robert Howell Brown, war ein US amerikanischer Schauspieler, der an etlichen Filmen, Fernsehserien und Theaterstücken mitwirkte. Leben … Deutsch Wikipedia
Lansing (Begriffsklärung) — Lansing ist der Name folgender Orte in den USA: Lansing, Hauptstadt von Michigan Lansing (Illinois) Lansing (Iowa) Lansing (Kansas) Lansing (New York) Lansing (North Carolina) Lansing bezeichnet außerdem: einen Typ des Polioerregers, siehe… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Robert Bacon — Mandats 39e Secrétaire d État des États Unis … Wikipédia en Français