Julius Sterling Morton


Julius Sterling Morton

Infobox US Cabinet official
name=J. Sterling Morton


order=3rd
title=United States Secretary of Agriculture
term_start=March 7, 1893
term_end=March 5, 1897
predecessor=Jeremiah M. Rusk
successor=James Wilson
birth_date=birth date|1832|4|22|mf=y
birth_place=Adams, New York, U.S.
death_date=death date and age|1902|4|27|1832|4|22|mf=y
death_place=Lake Forest, Illinois, U.S.
party=Democrat
spouse=
profession=Politician
religion=

Julius Sterling Morton (April 22, 1832 – April 27, 1902) was President Grover Cleveland's Secretary of Agriculture. He was a prominent Bourbon Democrat.

Morton was born in Adams, Jefferson County, New York. He was raised in Detroit and attended the University of Michigan. He was a member of Chi Psi Fraternity at Michigan. After receiving his diploma in 1854, he moved with his bride to Nebraska, which was not yet organized as a territory, and staked a claim in Nebraska City. He was appointed Secretary of Nebraska Territory by President James Buchanan on July 12, 1858 which he served as until 1861.

Respected as an agriculturalist, he sought to instruct people in the modern techniques of farming and forestry. Among his most significant achievements was the founding of Arbor Day. He became well known in Nebraska for his political, agricultural, and literary activities and from there was appointed as Secretary of Agriculture by President Cleveland. He is credited with helping change that department into a coordinated service to farmers, and he supported Cleveland in setting up national forest reservations.

In 1897 Morton planned and began to edit the multivolume "Illustrated History of Nebraska". He also published a weekly periodical, "The Conservationist". He died on April 27, 1902, in Lake Forest, Illinois, where he was seeking health treatment. His home in Nebraska City is now a state park, the Arbor Lodge State Historical Park and Arboretum.

In 1937, the state of Nebraska donated a bronze statue of Morton to the U.S. Capitol's National Statuary Hall Collection. Morton is a member of the Nebraska Hall of Fame. The J. Sterling Morton Beltway, a highway near Nebraska City, Nebraska, which is made up from U.S. Route 75 and Nebraska Highway 2, is named for him. J. Sterling Morton Magnet Middle School in Omaha, Nebraska also bears his name.

Son Joy Morton was the founder of the Morton Salt Company in Chicago, Illinois, and created The Morton Arboretum in Lisle, Illinois, in 1922. Joy Morton's original convert|400|acre|km2|sing=on Thornhill Estate, began in 1910, has been transformed into a convert|1700|acre|km2|sing=on living history museum of over 4,000 different types of trees, shrubs and other woody plants, with the mission to encourage the planting of trees as well as promoting nature as a source of inspiration, wonder and joy, especially for children.

His son, Paul Morton, served as Secretary of the Navy under President Theodore Roosevelt from 1904 to 1905.

External links

* [http://www.aoc.gov/cc/art/nsh/morton_j.cfm Julius Sterling Morton ] at www.aoc.gov
* [http://www.arborday.org/arborday/history.cfm The Arbor Day Foundation ] at www.arborday.org
*http://www.rootsweb.com/~neresour/OLLibrary/collections/volIV/pages/v4s2p017.htm
* [http://www.nebraskastudies.org/0500/frameset_reset.html? NebraskaStudies.Org ] at www.nebraskastudies.org
* [http://www.nebraskastudies.org/0500/stories/0506_0101.html nebraskastudies.org J. Sterling Morton, Founder of Arbor Day in 1872]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Julius Sterling Morton — (* 22. April 1832 in Adams, Jefferson County, New York; † 27. April 1902 in Lake Forest, Illinois) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker (Demokratische Partei). Er war Landwi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sterling Morton — may refer to:*Julius Sterling Morton (1932 1902), US Secretary for Agriculture and father of the founder of the Morton Salt company *Sterling Morton, his grandson, inventor of the page printer …   Wikipedia

  • J. Sterling Morton High School District 201 — This article is about the multi campus school in suburban Chicago. For the high school in Central Illinois, see Morton High School (Morton, Illinois). J. Sterling Morton High School District 201 Type and location Type public secondary district …   Wikipedia

  • Morton — ist der Name folgender Orte: im Vereinigten Königreich: Morton (Derbyshire) Morton (Gloucestershire) Morton (Isle of Wight) Morton (Norfolk) Morton (Nottinghamshire) Morton and Hanthorpe in Lincolnshire Morton on Swale in North Yorkshire in den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Morton (surname) — Morton is an English,Irish and Scottish surname and may refer to the following people: Alicia Morton (born 1987), American actress Bill Morton, Scottish former Chief Executive of the Scottish Qualifications Authority Bill Morton (American… …   Wikipedia

  • Morton Arboretum — Maackia amurensis en el Morton Arboretum . El Morton Arboretum en inglés : The Morton Arboretum, es un Arboretum de 1,700 acres (6.9 Km²) en Lisle, Illinois. Es miembro del BGCI, y su código de identificación internacional como institución… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Morton Arboretum — The main entrance to the arboretum. The Morton Arboretum, in Lisle, Illinois, covers 1,700 acres (6.9 Square kilometres) and is made up of gardens of various plant types and collections of trees from specific taxonomical and geographical areas.… …   Wikipedia

  • Morton, J. Sterling — ▪ American politician in full  Julius Sterling Morton  born April 22, 1832, Adams, N.Y., U.S. died April 27, 1902, Lake Forest, Ill.       U.S. secretary of agriculture under President Grover Cleveland (1893–97) and founder of Arbor Day.       In …   Universalium

  • Morton [2] — Morton, 1) Oliver Perry, amerikan. Staats mann, geb. 4. Aug. 1823 in Wayne County (Indiana), gest. 1. Nov. 1877 in Indianapolis, stammte aus der englischen Familie Throckmorton, die 1770 nach Amerika auswanderte und sich M. nannte. M. ward… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Julius Hegyi — Infobox Person name = Julius Hegyi caption = Julius Hegyi birth date = February 2, 1923 birth place = New York City death date = death date and age|2007|1|1|1923|2|1 death place = Phoenix, Arizona occupation = conductor and violinistJulius Hegyi… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.