- Samuel Dexter
Samuel Dexter 3rd United States Secretary of the Treasury In office
January 1, 1801 – May 13, 1801
President John Adams
Preceded by Oliver Wolcott Succeeded by Albert Gallatin 4th United States Secretary of War In office
June 1, 1800 – January 31, 1801
President John Adams Preceded by James McHenry Succeeded by Henry Dearborn United States Senator
March 4, 1799 – May 30, 1800
Preceded by Theodore Sedgwick Succeeded by Dwight Foster Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 1st district
March 4, 1793 – March 4, 1795
Preceded by Fisher Ames Succeeded by Theodore Sedgwick Personal details Born May 14, 1761
Boston, Massachusetts Bay
Died May 4, 1816(aged 54)
Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Political party Federalist Party Alma mater Harvard University Profession Lawyer Signature
Samuel Dexter (May 14, 1761 – May 4, 1816) was an early American statesman who served both in Congress and in the Presidential Cabinet.
Born in Boston, Massachusetts, to the Rev. Samuel Dexter, the 4th minister of Dedham, he graduated from Harvard University in 1781 and then studied law at Worcester under Levi Lincoln, Sr., the future Attorney General of the United States. After he passed the bar in 1784, he began practicing in Lunenburg, Massachusetts.
He was elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives and served 1788 to 1790. He was elected to the 3rd Congress by way of the United States House of Representatives and then elected as Federalist to the United States Senate. In December 1799, he memorably wrote the memorial eulogy to George Washington upon the first president's death. His house in Dedham stands to today.
He served for less than a year as he was appointed United States Secretary of War by President John Adams in 1800. During his time at this station he urged congressional action to permit appointment and compensation of field officers for general staff duty.
Upon Secretary of the Treasury Oliver Wolcott, Jr.'s resignation in December 1800, Adams appointed Dexter as interim Secretary. He then briefly conducted the affairs of the War Office. He administered the oath of office to Chief Justice John Marshall, and later declined the ambassadorship to Spain.
He returned to Boston in 1805 and resumed the practice of law. He left the Federalist party to espouse Republican views on the War of 1812, and he was an unsuccessful candidate for Governor of Massachusetts in 1814 and 1815. He was an ardent supporter of the temperance movement and presided over its first formal organization in Massachusetts.
Simon Newton Dexter was his nephew.
Samuel W. Dexter, founder of Dexter, Michigan, was his son.
The USRC Dexter (1830) was named in his honor.
- Samuel Dexter at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved on 2009-5-20
- "Samuel Dexter". Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=6304729. Retrieved 2009-5-20.
An article in the
History of Dedham
Topics United States House of Representatives Preceded by
Member of the House of Representatives
Massachusetts's 1st congressional district
United States Senate Preceded by
Senator from Massachusetts (Class 2)
Served alongside: Benjamin Goodhue
Political offices Preceded by
United States Secretary of War
Served under: John Adams
Oliver Wolcott, Jr.
United States Secretary of the Treasury
Served under: John Adams, Thomas Jefferson
United States Senators from Massachusetts Class 1 Class 2 United States Secretaries of the TreasuryHamilton • Wolcott • Dexter • Gallatin • Campbell • Dallas • Crawford • Rush • Ingham • McLane • Duane • Taney • Woodbury • Ewing • Forward • Spencer • Bibb • Walker • Meredith • Corwin • Guthrie • Cobb • Thomas • Dix • Chase • Fessenden • McCulloch • Boutwell • Richardson • Bristow • Morrill • Sherman • Windom • Folger • Gresham • McCulloch • Manning • Fairchild • Windom • Foster • Carlisle • Gage • Shaw • Cortelyou • MacVeagh • McAdoo • Glass • Houston • Mellon • Mills • Woodin • Morgenthau • Vinson • Snyder • Humphrey • Anderson • Dillon • Fowler • Barr • Kennedy • Connally • Shultz • Simon • Blumenthal • Miller • Regan • Baker • Brady • Bentsen • Rubin • Summers • O'Neill • Snow • Paulson • Geithner Secretaries at War
Secretaries of WarKnox • Pickering • McHenry • Dexter • Dearborn • Eustis • Armstrong • Monroe • W. Crawford • Calhoun • Barbour • P. Porter • Eaton • Cass • Poinsett • Bell • Spencer • J. Porter • Wilkins • Marcy • G. Crawford • Conrad • J. Davis • Floyd • Holt • S. Cameron • Stanton • Schofield • Rawlins • Belknap • A. Taft • J. Cameron • McCrary • Ramsey • R. Lincoln • Endicott • Proctor • Elkins • Lamont • Alger • Root • W. Taft • Wright • Dickinson • Stimson • Garrison • Baker • Weeks • D. Davis • Good • Hurley • Dern • Woodring • Stimson • Patterson • Royall Secretaries of the Army Assistant Secretaries of War Under Secretaries of the Army Cabinet of President John Adams (1797–1801) Vice PresidentThomas Jefferson (1797–1801) Secretary of State Secretary of the TreasuryOliver Wolcott, Jr. (1797–1801) • Samuel Dexter (1801) Secretary of WarJames McHenry (1796–1800) • Samuel Dexter (1800–1801) Attorney GeneralCharles Lee (1797–1801) Secretary of the NavyBenjamin Stoddert (1798–1801) Cabinet of President Thomas Jefferson (1801–1809) Vice President Secretary of StateJames Madison (1801–1809) Secretary of the TreasurySamuel Dexter (1801) · Albert Gallatin (1801–1809) Secretary of WarHenry Dearborn (1801–1809) Attorney General Secretary of the Navy
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