- United States Department of the Treasury
Infobox Government agency
agency_name = The Department of the Treasury
seal_width = 140 px
seal_caption = Treasury Seal
formed = September 2, 1789
preceding1 = Board of Treasury
Federal government of the United States
headquarters = 1500 Pennsylvania Avenue NW
employees = 115,897 (2007)
budget = $11.10 billion (2007)
Henry M. Paulson, Jr.
chief1_position = Secretary
chief2_position = Deputy Secretary
Anna Escobedo Cabral
chief3_position = Treasurer
Internal Revenue Service
United States Mint
Bureau of Engraving and Printing
website = [http://www.ustreas.gov/ www.ustreas.gov] Infobox nrhp
name = U.S. Department of the Treasury (building)
nrhp_type = nhl
caption = The U.S. Treasury building designed by Robert Mills
location=1500 Pennsylvania Ave., NW
built = 1836–1842 (East Wing and Central); 1855–1861 (South Wing); 1862–1864 (West Wing); 1867–1869 (North Wing)
architect = Robert Mills (East Wing and Central);
Ammi B. Youngand Alexander H. Bowman(South Wing); Isaiah Rogers(West Wing); Alfred B. Mullett(North Wing)
designated=November 11, 1971cite web|url=http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=1172&ResourceType=Building
title=United States Department of the Treasury |accessdate=2008-05-11|work=National Historic Landmark summary listing|publisher=National Park Service]
added = November 11, 1971It was declared a
National Historic Landmarkin 1971.citation|title=PDFlink| [http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NHLS/Text/71001007.pdf National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: United States Department of the Treasury] |32 KB|date=February 3, 1971 |author=W. Brown Morton III |publisher=National Park Service and PDFlink| [http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NHLS/Photos/71001007.pdf "Accompanying five photos, exterior, undated"] |32 KB]
refnum = 71001007
governing_body =The United States Department of the Treasury is a Cabinet department and the
treasuryof the United Statesgovernment. It was established by an Act of Congressin 1789 to manage government revenue. The first Secretary of the Treasury was Alexander Hamilton, President George Washingtonasking Hamilton to serve after first having asked Robert Morris (who declined, recommending Hamilton instead). Hamilton almost single-handedly worked out the nation's early financial system, and for several years was a major presence in Washington's administration as well.The Department is administered by the United States Secretary of the Treasuryand the Treasurer of the United States, who receives and keeps the money of the United States. The Department prints and mints all paper currencyand coins in circulation through the Bureau of Engraving and Printingand the United States Mint. It also collects all federal taxes through the Internal Revenue Service.
The United States Department of the Treasury enforces all existing US Laws of a financial nature. These include:
#Recommends and implements the economic, fiscal, and currency policies of the President as approved by
#Oversees the established laws and regulation of exports and imports.
#Designs, prints, and mints all authorized mediums of exchange used by the US Government, including Currency, Coins, Stamps, and Bonds, as directed by the
#Oversees regulation of all financial institutions chartered by the United States, as approved by the President and Congress
#Collects all United States Revenue.
The United States Department of the Treasury does not create laws and regulations. The Department enforces the laws and regulations enacted by United States
The United States
Secretary of the Treasuryserves primarily in an administrative capacity, and also in an advisory role to the United States President.
The Office of the Treasurer is the only office in the Treasury Department that is older than the Department itself, as it was originally created by the
Continental Congressin 1775. [US Treasury website [http://www.treas.gov/offices/treasurer/office-history.shtml History of the Treasurer's Office] ] Michael Hillegasserved as the first Treasurer of the United States [US Treasury website: [http://www.treas.gov/education/history/treasurers/ Treasurers of the United States] .] and throughout the American Revolutionuntil Congress created of The Department of the Treasury on September 2, 1789:
:"And be it...enacted, That it shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Treasury to digest and prepare plans for the improvement and management of the revenue, and for the support of public credit; to prepare and report estimates of the public revenue, and the public expenditures; to superintend the collection of revenue; to decide on the forms of keeping and stating accounts and making returns, and to grant under the limitations herein established, or to be hereafter provided, all warrants for monies to be issued from the Treasury, in pursuance of appropriations by law; to execute such services relative to the sale of the lands belonging to the United States, as may be by law required of him; to make report, and give information to either branch of the legislature, in person or in writing (as he may be required), respecting all matters referred to him by the Senate or House of Representatives, or which shall appertain to his office; and generally to perform all such services relative to the finances, as he shall be directed to perform." [ [http://www.ustreas.gov/education/fact-sheets/history/act-congress.html U.S. Treasury - Fact Sheet on the Act of Congress Establishing the Treasury Department ] ]
Alexander Hamiltonwas sworn in as the first Secretary of the Treasury on September 11, 1789. His portrait is on the obverseof the U.S. ten dollar billand the Treasury Department building is shown on the reverse.
The current law, usc|31|301, reads as follows (in part):
cquote|(a) The Department of the Treasury is an executive department of the United States Government at the seat of the Government.
(b) The head of the Department is the Secretary of the Treasury. The Secretary is appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
The basic functions of the Department of the Treasury include:
* Managing Federal finances;
* Collecting taxes, duties and monies paid to and due to the U.S. and paying all bills of the U.S.;
* Producing all
postage stamps, currencyand coinage;
* Managing Government accounts and the
U.S. public debt;
* Supervising national
banks and thrift institutions;
* Advising on domestic and international financial, monetary, economic, trade and tax policy -
fiscal policybeing the sum of these, and the ultimate responsibility of Congress.
* Enforcing Federal finance and tax laws;
* Investigating and prosecuting tax evaders, counterfeiters, forgers, smugglers, illicit spirits distillers, and
With respect to the estimation of revenues for the executive branch, Treasury serves a purpose parallel to that of the Office of Management and Budget for the estimation of spending for the executive branch, the Joint Committee on Taxation for the estimation of revenues for Congress, and the
Congressional Budget Officefor the estimation of spending for Congress.
Treasury reformusually refers narrowly to reform of monetary policyand related economic policy and accounting reform. The broader term monetary reformusually refers to reform of policy of institutions such as the International Monetary Fund.
United States Secretary of the Treasury
United States Deputy Secretary of the Treasury
Treasurer of the United States
United States Mint
Bureau of Engraving and Printing
**Under Secretary for Domestic Finance
***Assistant Secretary for Financial Institutions
***Assistant Secretary for Financial Markets
***Assistant Secretary for of Fiscal Service
Financial Management Service
Bureau of Public Debt
**Under Secretary for International Affairs
***Assistant Secretary for International Affairs
**Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence
***Assistant Secretary for Terrorist Financing
***Assistant Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis
Financial Crimes Enforcement Network
**Assistant Secretary for Economic Policy
**Assistant Secretary for Legislative Affairs
**Assistant Secretary for Management/Chief Financial Officer
**Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs/Director of Policy Planning
**Assistant Secretary for Tax Policy
Internal Revenue Service
Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau
Inspector General for Tax Administration(TIGTA) [http://www.treas.gov/tigta/]
Office of the Comptroller of the Currency
Office of Thrift Supervision
Effective January 24, 2003 the
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearmswas no longer a Bureau of the Department of the Treasury. The law enforcement functions of ATF have been transferred to the Department of Justice. The tax and trade functions of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms remained with Treasury at the new Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau.
On March 1, 2003 the
Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, the United States Customs Service, and the United States Secret Servicemoved to the United States Department of Homeland Security.
four basic functions performed are: Formulating and recommending economic, financial, tax, and fiscal policies.
Under the Secretary's direct supervision are the departmental offices, which are responsible for management and policy formulation.
* Domestic Finance
* Economic Policy
* General Counsel
* Information and Technology Management
* International Affairs
* Public Affairs
* Tax Policy
* Terrorism and Financial Intelligence (TFI)
* Treasurer of the United States
The Office of the General Counsel is charged with supervising all legal proceedings involving the collection of debts due the United States, establishing regulations to guide customs collectors, issuing
distress warrants against delinquent revenue collectors or receivers of public money, examining Treasury officers' official bonds and related legal documents, serving as legal adviser to the department and administered lands acquired by the United States in payment for debts. This office was preceded by the offices of the Comptroller of the Treasury(1789–1817), First Comptroller of the Treasury(1817-20), Agent of the Treasury(1820-30) and Solicitor of the Treasury1830–1934.
* [http://www.treas.gov/ United States Department of the Treasury website]
* [http://thefederalregister.com/b.p/department/DEPARTMENT_OF_THE_TREASURY/ Department Of The Treasury Meeting Notices and Rule Changes] from The Federal Register [http://thefederalregister.com/rss/department/DEPARTMENT_OF_THE_TREASURY/ RSS Feed] "Enough Wise Men, The Story of Our Constitution" by Forrest McDonaldPublished by the Dominion of Canada and by Longmans Canada Limited, Toronto 1970
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