Merpati Nusantara Airlines

Merpati Nusantara Airlines
Merpati Nusantara
Founded 6 September 1962
Hubs Soekarno-Hatta International Airport
Ngurah Rai International Airport
Juanda International Airport
Frequent-flyer program Merpati EasyFlyer
Fleet size 44
Destinations 84
Headquarters Central Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia
Key people Sardjono Jhony Tjitrokusumo - President

Merpati Nusantara Airlines is a commuter airline based in Central Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia.[1][2] It is a major domestic airline operating scheduled services to more than 25 destinations in Indonesia, as well as scheduled international services to East Timor and Malaysia. Its main base is Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Jakarta.[3] The word merpati is Indonesian for "dove", and Nusantara is a geographic term referring to parts of Indonesia. Merpati is listed as 2-star airlines by Skytrax.[4] Merpati also listed in category 1 by Indonesian Civil Aviation Authority for airline safety quality[5] and plans to get IATA Operational Safety Audit (IOSA) from International Air Transport Association. It has a maintenance facility based at Juanda International Airport, Surabaya.[citation needed]

Pertamina has fuel embargoed Merpati since October 15, 2011 inline with Merpati debt of a total Rp.550 billion ($62.15 million), including interest and fines.[6] At about 3 p.m. on October 16, 2011 Merpati flied normally after Merpati has promised to settle its fuel debt after state management assets firm PT Perusahaan Pengelola Aset (PT PPA) guaranteed its finances with a restructuring fund worth Rp.561 billion ($63.39 million), but there are no certain schedule of when the fund will be given.[7]



The airline was established and started operations on 6 September 1962. It was set up by the Indonesian government as the second state airline, with the main objective of taking over the network of domestic services developed by the Air Force since 1958. During 1962, it also took over the routes in West Irian (formerly Dutch New Guinea) previously operated by KLM subsidiary, De Kroonduif, which had been flown by Garuda since 1962.

With a start up capital of 10 million rupiah, Merpati began operations in Kalimantan, using a fleet of four de Havilland Otter/DHC-3s and two DC-3 Dakotas provided by the Indonesian Air Force (TNI AU). Pilots and technicians were supplied by the Indonesian Air Force, Garuda Indonesia Airways and other civil aviation companies. Its mission, defined by the government, was to become an 'air bridge' linking remote areas of Indonesia and thereby helping to build the economies of such regional areas. The air bridge theme is the basis of the current Merpati logo, displayed on the tails of its aircraft.

The first Managing Director appointed was Air Commodore Sutoyo Adiputro Henk (1962–1966) who had an initial staff of 17 people. In 1963, the airline expanded its routes to include Jakarta - Tanjung Karang (Bandar Lampung), Jakarta - Semarang, and Jakarta - Balikpapan. In 1964, the airline took over operations from NV de Kroonduif Garuda, increasing its aircraft fleet to 12. With the addition of three DC-3 Dakotas, two DHC-6 Twin Otters and 1 DHC-2 Beaver, Merpati began to grow, with operations now reaching Sumatra, Papua and Nusa Tenggara Barat. Further expansion saw the addition of more aircraft, including three Dornier DO-28s and six Pilatus Porter PC-6s, and staff numbers growing to 583 people.

In October 1978, the airline was taken over by Garuda, but continued to operate under its own name. Merpati was integrated into the Garuda Indonesia Group in September 1989, but was granted government permission to separate in 1993, although the split did not actually take place until April 1997. It is currently owned by the Indonesian Government (93.2%) and Garuda Indonesia (6.8%).

June 5, 2011: To fulfil its mission as the 'Bridge of the Archipelago', Merpati Nusantara Airlines was identified as needing 15 jet airliners, plus 40 aircraft with accommodation for 50 passengers and 20 others of 20-passenger capacity such as the MA-60, the NC-212 and the DHC-6 Twin Otter.[8]

In July 2011, the Government and Congress agreed to provide a capital injection worth Rp.516 billion ($60.7 million) to Merpati Nusantara Airlines in its 2012 budget.[9]


Merpati Nusantara serve the following cities:.[10]

East Timor


The Merpati fleet includes the following aircraft[11]:

Merpati's Boeing 737-217/adv reg code PK-MBQ was ready to fly to her next destination, Husein Sastranegara International Airport, Bandung from Adisucipto International Airport, Yogyakarta
Merpati's new MA60, PK-MZJ parked at El Tari Airport, Kupang, in January 2011


As of 2011, Merpati no longer operates the ATR 72-212 since the arrival of the MA60. Seen here is PK-MFA taxiing for departure at Ngurah Rai International Airport, Bali for Selaparang Airport, Lombok in early 2010
Merpati Nusantara Airlines Fleet
Aircraft In Fleet Orders
Seats Routes Notes
C Y Total
Boeing 737-200 2 0 0 125 125 Domestic
Boeing 737-300 9 4 4 126 130 All
Boeing 737-400 6 7 16 132 148 All
Boeing 737-500 1 0 0 118 118 All
CASA 212 3 0 0 20 20 Domestic
DHC-6 6 0 0 20 20 Domestic
Fokker 100 3 0 24 75 99 Domestic
Xian MA60 14 18 0 56 56 Domestic
Total 44 29 Last updated: 03 Sept 2011

Previously operated

Merpati Training Centre

Merpati Training Centre is a division of Strategic Business Unit and is one of the largest aviation training centres in Indonesia. It conducts ground school courses for pilots, flight attendants, flight operation officers (dispatchers), commercial airline operations and administration staff in the region. The training centre was originally founded in 1994 and known as 'Flight Safety Training' training initially Merpati's own staff, but later changed its name to the Merpati Training Centre (MTC) in 1999 offering aviation training services to other airlines and companies in the region. Some of MTC's clients include Indonesia's national airline, Garuda Indonesia, Sriwijaya Air, Batavia Air, Lion Air, Pelita Air Service and many more.

Courses conducted by the MTC include type rating courses for pilots, flight attendants and flight operation officers on the Boeing 737 Classic, AVIC Xian MA60, Fokker F27, CASA CN-235, DHC-6 Twin Otter, CASA C-212 Aviocar, as well as other ground courses including Dangerous Goods Awareness, Airline Transport Pilot License (ATPL) theory, Cockpit Resources Management (CRM), Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum (RVSM), Approach and Landing Accident Reduction (ALAR), Safety Management Systems (SMS), Aviation Security (AVSEC) and Windshear Avoidance.

MTC has two campuses located in Jakarta and Surabaya. MTC's Jakarta campus is located on the 11th Floor of the Merpati Building in Kemayoran, where as the Surabaya campus is located at Juanda International Airport.

Merpati Pilot School

Merpati Pilot School's Cessna 172, PK-MSH at Juanda International Airport, Surabaya

On 16 February 2010, the Merpati Pilot School, a department of the MTC, was officially launched at Surabaya's Juanda International Airport. The flying school was awarded its Part 141 certification from the Directorate General of Civil Aviation on 18 August 2009 and currently has a fleet of two Cessna C172, registered PK-MSH and PK-MSN with 3 more aircraft to join the fleet in 2011. Ground school for cadet pilots are conducted at the Merpati Training Centre in Surabaya, and flight training is conducted from Budiarto Airport, Curug (near Jakarta) as well as Trunojoyo Airport, Sumenep on the island of Madura.

Accidents and incidents

  • On 10 November 1971, Vickers Viscount PK-MVS crashed into the sea 75 miles (121 km) off Sumatra killing all 69 people on board.
  • On 5 April 1972, a Vickers Viscount of Merpati Nusantara Airlines was the subject of an attempted hijacking. The hijacker was killed.[12]
  • On 7 February 1977, Douglas C-47A PK-NDH was damaged beyond economic repair in a landing accident at Tanjung Santan Airport.[13]
  • On 5 October 1978, Douglas C-47A PK-NDI caught fire whilst parked at Ngurah Rai International Airport, Bali and was destroyed.[14]
  • On 18 June 1988, Vickers Viscount PK-MVG was damaged beyond economic repair when it suffered a hydraulic system failure and departed the runway at Polonia International Airport, Medan.[15]
  • 1992 - Merpati Nusantara Airlines CN-235 Registration PK-MNN crashed in to the mountains of Garut [1]
  • On 30 November 1994 Merpati Nusantara Airlines Flight 422 a Fokker F28 overran the runway at Achmad Yani International Airport with no casualties among the 85 on board [2]
  • On 10 January 1995, a Merpati Nusantara Airlines de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter went missing with 14 people on board, possible crashing in the sea. [3]
  • On 2 August 2009 - Flight Merpati Nusantara Airlines 9760, a Twin Otter crashed in to the mountains of Papua.[4]. The accident investigation report released by the NTSC revealed the cause of the accident to be CFIT (controlled flight into terrain) after visual reference was lost. In an attempt to fly clear of cloud, the pilot made a climbing turn to the left but struck a mountain at 9600 feet above sea level.[16]
  • On 3 December 2009, Fokker 100 PK-MJD made an emergency landing at El Tari Airport, Kupang when the left main gear failed to extend. There were no injuries among the passengers and crew.[17]
  • On 13 April 2010, Merpati Flight 836, operated by a Boeing 737-300, registration PK-MDE, ran off the end of the runway at Rendani Airport, Manokwari, injuring around 20 passengers, but with no fatalities among the 103 on board. The accident is currently being investigated by the Indonesian National Transport Safety Commission (NTSC) with the preliminary report released on the 20th May 2010.[18]
  • On 7 May 2011, Merpati Flight 8968, operated by a Xian MA60 from Sorong to Kaimana (Indonesia) with 21 passengers and 6 crew, was on approach to Kaimana's runway 19 when the aircraft impacted waters about 500 meters/1640 feet before the runway threshold. All occupants perished in the crash. Of the 25 people on board the aircraft, there were reported to be two children, one baby, 18 adults and six crew members.[19][20]

External links


  1. ^ "Directory: World airlines." Flight International. 30 March-5 April 2004. 39. "Jalan Angkasa Blok B-15, Kav 2-3, Jakarta, 10720, Indonesia."
  2. ^ "Merpati Akan Terbang ke Sampit." Merpati Nusantara Airlines. 24 April 2007. Retrieved on 16 September 2010. "Penandatanganan MoU yang dilakukan di Kantor Pusat Merpati Jalan Angkasa Jakarta Pusat"
  3. ^ "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International: p. 49. 2007-04-10. 
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Pertamina continues fuel supply embargo on Merpati". October 17, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Merpati keeps flying, fuel debt settlement in the pipeline". October 17, 2011. 
  8. ^‘bridge-archipelago’.html
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ page for Merpati
  12. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 October 2009. 
  13. ^ "PK-NDH Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 4 August 2010. 
  14. ^ "PK-NDI Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 1 August 2010. 
  15. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 October 2009. 
  16. ^ NTSC Final Report of Twin Otter Accident, PK-NVC
  17. ^ "Merpati Air Plane Passengers Unharmed In Emergency Landing". Bernama. Retrieved 4 December 2009. 
  18. ^ "Merpati 737-300 breaks up after overshooting runway in Papua". 13 April 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2010. 
  19. ^ BBC article about the occurrence
  20. ^ article

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Merpati Nusantara Airlines — Merpati Nusantara Airlines …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Merpati Nusantara Airlines — 220px IATA MZ OACI MNA Indicativo MERPATI Fundación …   Wikipedia Español

  • Merpati Nusantara Airlines — Codes AITA OACIL Indicatif d appel MZ MNA MERPATI Repères historiques Date de création 1966 Généralités Basée à aéroport international …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Merpati Nusantara Airlines Flight 8968 — A Merpati Nusantara Airlines Xian MA60, similar to the aircraft involved in the accident Accident summary Date …   Wikipedia

  • Merpati Nusantara Airlines Flight 836 — Merpati Nunsantara Airlines B737 300, similar to the accident aircraft Runway overrun/bad weather summary …   Wikipedia

  • Merpati Nusantara Airlines Flight 9760 — A similar aircraft to the one involved Accident summary Date …   Wikipedia

  • Merpati Nusantara Airlines Flight 422 — A Fokker F28 like the accident aircraft. Accident summary Date …   Wikipedia

  • Merpati Nusantara — Airlines Fichier:Merpati logo.png AITA MZ OACI MNA Indicatif d appel MERPATI Repères historiques Date de création 1966 Fiche d’identité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Merpati — Nusantara Airlines IATA Code …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Merpati — Nusantara Airlines Fichier:Merpati logo.png AITA MZ OACI MNA Indicatif d appel MERPATI Repères historiques Date de création 1966 Fiche d’identité …   Wikipédia en Français