CASA CN-235

CASA CN-235

Infobox Aircraft
name = CN-235




caption = A CASA CN-235M-100 of the Spanish Air Force
type = Transport aircraft
manufacturer = EADS-CASA/IPTN
designer =
first flight = 1983
introduced = 1 March 1988 with Merpati Nusantara
retired =
status =
primary user = Spanish Air Force Turkish Air Force
more users = Indonesian Air Force South African Air Force United States Coast Guard
produced =
number built =
unit cost =
developed from =
variants with their own articles = EADS CASA C-295
The CN-235 is a medium-range twin-turbo-prop aircraft developed jointly between CASA in Spain and IPTN in Indonesia as a regional airliner and military transport. Amongst its military roles are maritime patrol, surveillance and troop transport. The biggest user of this transport aircraft is Turkey. The Turkish air force operates 52 CN-235-100M, and the Coast Guard and Navy operates 9 CN-235MP aircraft.

Design and development

The project was a joint venture between CASA and Indonesian manufacturer IPTN, which formed Airtech company to manage the programme. Responsibility for design and production was shared at 50% between the two companies. The partnership applied only to the Series 10 and Series 100/110, with later versions being developed independently.

Design began in January 1980 with first flight on 11 November 1983. Spanish and Indonesian certification was on 20 June 1986; the first flight of the production aircraft was on 19 August 1986 and FAA type approval was granted on 3 December 1986. The aircraft entered service on 1 March 1988

In 1995, CASA launched development of a stretched CN-235 as the C-295

The CN-235 was selected by the United States Coast Guard for its Medium Range Surveillance Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MRSMPA) program as the HC-144A . [ [http://www.designation-systems.net/usmilav/412015-L(addendum).html#_Note_HC144A DOD 4120.15-L - Addendum ] ] The first HC-144A was delivered by EADS CASA to Lockheed Martin for installation of the mission package in December 2006."News Breaks", "Aviation Week & Space Technology", 18 December 2006.]

In August 2006, three CASA CN-235-10 aircraft remain in airline service, in Africa, with Safair (two) and Tiko Air (one). [Flight International, 3-9 October 2006] Asian Spirit operates a sole CN-235-220 in the Philippines, correct as of June/July 2007.

The Irish Air Corps operates two CASA aircraft in the maritime patrol capacity.

There are at least two CN-235s operating with the [United States Air Force for an undisclosed role with the 427th Special Operations Squadron, at the former Pope AFB, NC. [ [http://cgibin.rcn.com/jeremy.k/cgi-bin/gzUsafSearch.pl?target=&content=CN-235 USAF Serial Number Search CN-235] ] Verify source|date=September 2008

In early July, The Mexican Navy announced they will order six CASA CN-235 from Spain. [http://blog.elgrancapitan.org/?p=586]

Variants

*CN235-10: Initial production version (15 built by each company), with GE CT7-7A engines.

*CN235-100/110: Generally as series 10, but with GE CT7-9C engines in new composites nacelles; replaced Series 10 in 1988 from 31st production aircraft. Series 100 is Spanish-built, series 110 Indonesian-built, with improved electrical, warning and environmental systems.

*CN235-200/220: Improved version. Structural reinforcements to cater for higher operating weights, aerodynamic improvements to wing leading-edges and rudder, reduced field length requirements and much-increased range with maximum payload. Series 200 is Spanish-built, Series 220 Indonesian-built.

*CN235-300: CASA Modification of 200/220 series, with Honeywell avionics suite. Other features include improved pressurisation and provision for optional twin nosewheel installation.

*CN235-330 Phoenix: Modification of Series 200/220, offered by IPTN with new Honeywell avionics, ARL-2002 EW system and 16.800 kg/37.037 lb MTOW, to Royal Australian Air Force to meet Project Air 5190 tactical airlift requirement, but was forced by financial constraints to withdraw in 1998.

*CN235 MPA: Maritime patrol version

*HC-144 Ocean Sentry: U.S. Coast Guard aircraft designed to replace the HU-25 Guardian.

Operators

Military operators

;BOT
* Botswana Air Force;Bophutatswana
*Bophutatswana Air Force (1 incorporated into South African Air Force);BRU
* Brunei Air Force (1);CHI
* Chilean Army (4 CN-235-100) One lost in Antarctica;COL
* Colombian Air Force
* Colombian National Armada;ECU
* Ecuadorian Air Force;FRA
* French Air Force (19 CN235-100, 18 updated in CN235-200 configuration).;GAB
* Gabonese Air Force;IDN
* Indonesian Air Force (Operating CN235-100M, CN235-220M, CN235MPA);IRL
* Irish Air Corps (2 x CN235MP);JOR
* Royal Jordanian Air Force (2);MYS
* Royal Malaysian Air Force (8 x CN235-220);MEX
* Mexican Navy (2 x CN235-300 ordered) ;MAR
* Moroccan Air Force (7);PAK
* Pakistan Air Force (4 x CN235-220);PAN
* Panamanian Air Force;PNG
* Papua New Guinea Defence Force;ROK
* Republic of Korea Air Force (20);KSA
* Royal Saudi Air Force;RSA
* South African Air Force (1);ESP
* Spanish Air Force (20)
* Spanish Coast Guard;TUR
* Turkish Air Force (50 x CN235-100M)
* Turkish Navy (6 x CN-235 ASW/ASuW MPA with AMASCOS (Airborne Maritime Situation & Control System) of Thales)
* Turkish Coast Guard (3 x CN-235 MPA with AMASCOS (Airborne Maritime Situation & Control System) of Thales);ARE
* UAE Navy;USA
* U.S. Coast Guard (8 HC-144s ordered)

Government and paramilitary operators

;THA
* Royal Thai Police (1 x CN235-300);USA
* CIA via non-US Government US civilian contractor (CN235-300M); preferred aircraft for rendition flights

pecifications (CN-235-100)

aircraft specifications
plane or copter?=plane
jet or prop?=prop
ref=
crew=two, pilot and co-pilot
capacity=up to 45 passengers
payload main=
payload alt=
length main= 21.40 m
length alt= 70 ft 3 in
span main= 25.81 m
span alt= 84 ft 8 in
height main= 8.18 m
height alt= 26 ft 10 in
area main= 59.1 m²
area alt= 636 ft²
airfoil=
empty weight main= 9,800 kg
empty weight alt= 21,605 lb
loaded weight main= 15,500 kg (16,500 kg Military load)
loaded weight alt= 34,172 lb (36,376 lb)
useful load main=
useful load alt=
max takeoff weight main= 15,100 kg
max takeoff weight alt= 33,290 lb
more general=
engine (prop)= General Electric CT7C turboprop
type of prop=
number of props=2
power main= 1,395 kW
power alt= 1,850 bhp
power original=
max speed main=509 km/h
max speed alt= 317 mph
cruise speed main=
cruise speed alt=
stall speed main=
stall speed alt=
never exceed speed main=
never exceed speed alt=
range main= 5,003 km with max fuel / 2,870 km with 4,000 kg payload
range alt= 3,108 miles with max fuel / 1,783 miles with 8,818 lb payload
ceiling main= 9,145 m
ceiling alt= 30,000 ft
climb rate main= 542 m/min
climb rate alt= 1,780 ft/min
loading main=
loading alt=
thrust/weight=
power/mass main=
power/mass alt=
more performance=
armament=
avionics=

ee also

aircontent
related=
* CASA C-295
similar aircraft=
lists=
see also=

References

External links

* [http://www.aviationcorner.net/show_photo.asp?id=58180 Photo CN-235]


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См. также в других словарях:

  • Casa CN-235 — CN 235 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CASA CN-235 — CASA CN 235 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CASA C-235 — CASA CN 235 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Casa CN-235 — CASA CN 235 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Casa CN 235 — CASA CN 235 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CASA CN-235 — CN 235 Un CN 235 100M de transporte táctico del Ejército del Aire de España. Tipo Avión de transporte táctico / pat …   Wikipedia Español

  • CASA CN-235 — Airbus Military CN 235 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CASA CN-235 — CN 235 CASA CN 235M 100 ВВС Испании Тип военно транспортный самолёт Разработчик CASA / IPTN Произв …   Википедия

  • CASA C-295 — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda C 295 …   Wikipedia Español

  • CASA C-295 Persuader — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda C 295 Persuader C 295 Persuader de la Armada de Chile aún con la imprimación durante un vuelo de prueba. Tipo …   Wikipedia Español


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