Airbus A310


Airbus A310

infobox Aircraft
subtemplate= Infobox Airbus airliners
name=Airbus A310
type=Airliner
manufacturer=Airbus


caption=
Emirates SkyCargo A310-300

first flight=April 3 1982
introduced =April 1983
produced=1983-2007
primary user= FedEx Express
more users= Air India
Air Transat
Pakistan International
number built=255
unit cost=
developed from=Airbus A300
variants with their own articles = A310 MRTT
CC-150 Polaris

The Airbus A310 is a medium to long-range widebody airliner. Launched in 1978, it was the second aircraft created by the Airbus consortium of European aerospace companies, which is now fully owned by EADS. The A310 is a shortened derivative of the A300, the first twin-engined widebody airliner. The A310 (along with the A300) officially ceased production in July 2007 although the last delivery was in June 1998.

History

The A310's range exceeds that of all the A300 models, except for the A300-600, which surpasses the A310-200. This feature has led to the aircraft being used extensively on transatlantic routes. The A300 and A310 introduced the concept of commonality: A300-600 and A310 pilots can qualify for the other aircraft with one day of training.

Like its sister aircraft, the A300, the A310 has reached the end of its market life as a passenger and cargo aircraft. There have been no new A310 passenger orders since the late 1990s, and only a few freighter orders remain. The A310 (along with the A300) ceased production in July 2007, though five orders from Iraqi Airways remained on the books until July 2008. The remaining freighter sales are to be fulfilled by the new A330-200F derivative.cite web
url=http://www.flightglobal.com/Articles/2006/03/14/Navigation/177/205407/Airbus+aims+to+fill+freighter+void+with+A330+derivative.html
title=Airbus aims to fill freighter void with A330 derivative
publisher="Flight International"
date=2006-03-14
]

The aircraft was formally launched in July 1978 for Lufthansa and Swissair. A further development of the A300, the aircraft was initially designated the A300 B10. Essentially a "baby" A300, the main differences in the two aircraft are
*Shortened fuselage - same cross section, providing capacity of about 200.
*Redesigned wing - designed by British Aerospace who rejoined Airbus consortium
*Smaller vertical fin

The A310 was marketed as an introduction to widebody operations for developing airlines. The A310 was replaced in Airbus' lineup by the highly successful A330-200, which shares its fuselage cross-section. Between 1983 and the very last aircraft produced 1998, 255 A310s were delivered by Airbus.

The A300 and A310 established Airbus as a competitor to Boeing and allowed it to go ahead with the more ambitious A320 and A330/A340 families.

Variants

A310-200

The first A310, the 162nd Airbus off the production line, made its maiden flight in April 1982 powered by Pratt & Whitney JT9D engines. The -200 entered service with Swissair and Lufthansa a year later. Also the late series -200 also featured winglets just like the -300.

A310-200CA convertible version, the seats can be removed and cargo placed on the main deck.

A310-300

First flown in July 1985, the -300 has an increased MTOW and an increase in range, provided by additional centre and horizontal stabilizer (trim-tank) fuel tanks. This model also introduced wingtip fences to improve aerodynamic efficiency, a feature that has since been retrofitted to some -200s. The aircraft entered service in 1986, again with Swissair. No production freighters of the A310 were produced. Operators such as FedEx instead adapt ex-airline A310s into freighters. Most have been the -300 version.

* A310-300CA convertible passenger/cargo version, the seats can be removed and cargo placed on the main deck.

* A310-300FAn all-cargo version.

A310 MRTT

A310 MRTT:The A310 has been operated by many of the world's airforces as a pure transport, however some are now being converted to the "Multi Role Tanker Transport" configuration by EADS, providing an aerial refueling capability. Six have been ordered; four by the German Luftwaffe and two by the Canadian Forces. Deliveries began in 2004. Three are being converted at EADS' Elbe Flugzeugwerke (EFW) in Dresden, Germany; the other three at Lufthansa Technik in Hamburg, Germany. The Chilean Air Force has recently purchased two second-hand A310s to replace its ageing 707-320 'Aguila' tanker and transports. The first was received in October 2007.

Operators

Military operators

The A310 has been used by the armed forces of the following countries:
* - Belgian Air Component
* - Canadian Forces Air Command - designated CC-150 Polaris
* - Chilean Air Force
* - French Air Force
* - German Air Force
* - Spanish Air Force
* - Royal Thai Air Force
* - Pakistan Air Force

Accident and incidents

*Hull-loss Accidents: 7 with a total of 548 fatalities
*Hijackings: 10 with a total of 5 fatalities
*S7 Airlines Flight 778, an Airbus A310-324 jet from Moscow carrying 196 passengers and eight crew, overshot the runway at Irkutsk in Siberia, plowed through a concrete barrier and caught fire as it crashed into buildings. Reports said that 70 of the 204 on board survived, with 12 still missing.cite web
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/5163270.stm
title=Russian plane's 'brakes failed'
publisher=BBC News
date=2006-07-09
accessdate=2007-04-10
] Since the accident, casualty figures have fluctuated, in part due to three people boarding the aircraft that were not on the passenger manifest, and some survivors having walked home and assumed to be trapped in the wreckage.cite web
url=http://www.nytimes.com/2006/07/10/world/europe/10russiacnd.html?ex=1310184000&en=928c64e05d14da10&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss
title=Russian Plane Lost Control Upon Landing
publisher=New York Times
date=2006-07-10
accessdate=2007-04-11
]
*Aeroflot Flight 593, an A310-300 carrying 63 passengers and 12 crew, crashed in Siberia after the pilot let his son sit at the controls and the autopilot silently disconnected.
*Tarom Flight 371 crashed in Baloteşti next to Otopeni International Airport near Bucharest on 31 March 1995 after a jamming of the throttle on the starboard engine followed by a lack of reaction by pilots.
*Kenya Airways Flight 431 crashed in the Atlantic Ocean shortly after takeoff from Abidjan on 31 January 2000.
*Hapag-Lloyd Flight 3378 - July 12, 2000
*Biman Bangladesh Airlines Flight BG006, an A310-325 carrying 236 passengers and crew, suffered a collapsed nose gear while accelerating down the runway.cite web
url=http://www.aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20070312-0
title=Aviation Safety Network Report
publisher=Aviation Safety Network
date=2007-03-12|
] Fourteen people suffered minor injuries in the accident at Dubai International Airport on 12 March 2007.cite web
url=http://edition.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/meast/03/12/dubai.airport/index.html
title=Dubai Jet Accident Injures 14
publisher=CNN
date=2007-03-12
] The aircraft came to rest at the end of the runway and was evacuated, but blocked the only active runway and forced the airport to close for nearly eight hours. The aircraft was written off. [ [http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20070312-0 ASN Aircraft accident Airbus A.310-325 S2-ADE Dubai Airport (DXB) ] ]
*Sudan Airways Flight 109, an A310-300 from Amman, Jordan carrying 203 passengers and 11 crew, veered off the runway after landing at Khartoum International Airport during bad weather on June 10th 2008. Soon after a fire started in the aircraft's right wing area. As of June 12 reports confirm 30 people were killed with another 6 still missing. [ [http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article27490 SudanTribune article : 30 people killed in Sudan Airways crash - statement ] ]

pecifications

ee also

aircontent
related=
* Airbus A300
* Airbus A310 MRTT
* CC-150 Polaris
similar aircraft=
* Boeing 767
* Ilyushin Il-86
lists=
* List of Airbus A310 operators
see also=

References

External links

* [http://www.planespotters.net/Production_List/Airbus/A310/index.html Production List]
* [http://www.airbus.com/en/aircraftfamilies/a300a310/a310/ Official website]


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