Marne


Marne
Marne
—  Department  —

Coat of arms
Location of Marne in France
Coordinates: 49°00′N 04°15′E / 49°N 4.25°E / 49; 4.25Coordinates: 49°00′N 04°15′E / 49°N 4.25°E / 49; 4.25
Country France
Region Champagne-Ardenne
Prefecture Châlons-en-Champagne
Subprefectures Épernay
Reims
Sainte-Menehould
Vitry-le-François
Government
 - President of the General Council René-Paul Savary
Area1
 - Total 8,162 km2 (3,151.4 sq mi)
Population (1999)
 - Total 565,229
 - Rank 45th
 - Density 69.3/km2 (179.4/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Department number 51
Arrondissements 5
Cantons 44
Communes 619
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Marne is a department in north-eastern France named after the river Marne which flows through the department. The prefecture (capital) of Marne is Châlons-en-Champagne (formerly known as Châlons-sur-Marne). The subprefectures are Épernay, Reims, Sainte-Menehould, and Vitry-le-François.

The Champagne vineyards producing the world-famous sparkling wine are located within Marne.

Contents

History

Marne is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from the province of Champagne.

Marne has a long association with the French Army. The training ground of the Camp Militaire de Mailly straddles the border with the département of Aube in the south while that of the Camp de Mourmelon occupies a large area north of Châlons-en-Champagne. The smaller Camp de Moronvilliers lies to the east of Reims and the Camp Militaire de Suippes lies to the east of that. These are all on the chalk of the Champagne plateau, a feature comparable in geology but not size, with the British military training ground on Salisbury Plain.

Geography

Marne is part of the region of Champagne-Ardenne and is surrounded by the departments of Ardennes, Meuse, Haute-Marne, Aube, Seine-et-Marne, and Aisne.

Geologically, it divides into two distinct parts; the Upper Cretaceous chalk plain in the east and the more wooded and hilly Eocene and Oligocene in the west.

Rivers draining the department include the Marne, Vesle, Ardre and Somme-Soude. Numerous other rivers, such as the Grande and the Petite Morin rise in the department but flow mainly in others. Conversely, the Aube joins the Seine in the department of Marne.

Demographics

The inhabitants of the department are called Marnais.

Tourism

Reims, with its famous cathedral in which the kings of France were traditionally crowned, is a major attraction. Other branches of tourism are provided by the bird reserve on the Lake Der-Chantecoq and the fishing lakes nearby. The Parc Naturel Régional de la Montagne de Reims is a major area of country recreation. In the west of the département there are many scenic routes to be explored as also are the several wine cellars of Épernay.

See also

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • marne — marne …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • marne — [ marn ] n. f. • 1266; altér. de marle, lat. pop. °margila, mot gaul.; cf. maerl ♦ Mélange naturel d argile et de calcaire (glaise). Marnes argileuses, calcaires, limoneuses. Marnes employées comme amendements (⇒ 1. marnage) . ● marne nom féminin …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Marne — Departamento de Francia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Marne — bezeichnet: einen Fluss in Frankreich, siehe Marne (Fluss) einen Fluss in Australien, siehe Marne River ein Département in Frankreich, siehe Département Marne eine Stadt in Schleswig Holstein, siehe Marne (Holstein) folgende Orte in den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marne — es una región de Francia. Dentro de la misma se encuentra la subregión de Champaña, conocida por sus vinos espumosos. Marne es un département en el noroeste de Francia, que toma su nombre del Río Marne, cuya cuenca incluye el territorio del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • marne — MARNE. s. f. Espece d argille ou de craye dont on engraisse les terres en quelques pays. Marne blanche. marne rousse. tirer de la marne. une charretée de marne. la marne eschauffe la terre …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Marne [1] — Marne (spr. marn , lat. Matrŏna), der bedeutendste Nebenfluß der Seine, entspringt auf dem Plateau von Langres im Depart. Obermarne, durchfließt die Departements Obermarne, Marne, Aisne, Seine et Marne, Seine et Oise und Seine, wird bei St.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Marne — (spr. Marn), 1) Fluß in Frankreich; entspringt auf der Hochebene unweit Langres im Departement Haute Marne, aus mehren Quellen[908] (Hauptquelle bei Balesme), wird bei S. Dizier schiffbar, nimmt die Flüsse Sueze, Rognon, Blaise, Ornain, Ourcq,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Marne [2] — Marne (spr. marn ), Departement im nordöstlichen Frankreich, nach dem Fluß M. benannt, gebildet aus Teilen der Champagne (und zwar aus der eigentlichen Champagne, Châlonnais und Rémois), grenzt im N. an das Depart. Ardennen, im O. an das der Maas …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Marne — Marne, IA U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 149 Housing Units (2000): 68 Land area (2000): 0.574129 sq. miles (1.486987 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.574129 sq. miles (1.486987 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Marne, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 149 Housing Units (2000): 68 Land area (2000): 0.574129 sq. miles (1.486987 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.574129 sq. miles (1.486987 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places