Seine-et-Marne


Seine-et-Marne

Infobox_Department_of_France
department=Seine-et-Marne|number=77
region=Île-de-France
prefecture=Melun
subprefectures=Fontainebleau
Meaux
Provins
Torcy
population=1,267,496
1,193,767|pop_date=Jan.1, 2006 estimate
-March 8, 1999 census|pop_rank=12th|density=214
area=5,915|area_scale=9
arrond=5|cantons=43|communes=514
president=Vincent Eblé|pres_party=
img_coa=Blason département fr Seine-et-Marne.svg

Seine-et-Marne is a French department, named after the Seine and Marne rivers, and located in the Île-de-France region.

History

Seine-et-Marne is one of the original 83 departments, created on March 4, 1790 during the French Revolution in application of the law of December 22, 1789. It had previously belonged to the former province of Île-de-France.

Geography

Seine-et-Marne forms a part of the Île-de-France region; the department forms the eastern half of the region and because of this accounts for 49% of Île-de-France. The department is bordered by Val-d'Oise, Seine-Saint-Denis, Val-de-Marne, Essonne to the West; Loiret and Yonne to the South; Aube and Marne to the East; and Aisne and Oise to the North.

The department has many natural reserves, notably Brie and Gâtinais.

Principal Towns include: Chelles, Torcy, Pontault-Combault, Lagny-sur-Marne, Coulommiers, Champs-sur-Marne, Nemours, Meaux, Melun, Montereau-Fault-Yonne, Brie-Comte-Robert, Provins, Fontainebleau as well as the new towns of Marne-la-Vallée and Sénart.

The highest point of the departement is Saint-George’s Hill (215 m).

Climate

Seine-et-Marne is known for its temperate Atlantic climate. The average rainfall is based upon that of Fontainebleau, giving an average rainfall of 650 mm, which is higher than the average of Île-de-France (600 mm). Average temperature in Melun during the period 1953-2002 for January is 3.2°C and 18.6°C for July. The storm of 26 December 1999 led to five deaths in Seine-et-Marne and caused several trees to fall.

Economy

With 60% of the region used as farmland, Seine-et-Marne is the main part of Île-de-France in which agriculture occurs. Cereals and sugar beet are the principle exports from Seine-et-Marne. The other key industrial structures are the refinery at Grandpuits and the SNECMA research plant. The two new towns are the centre of tourism for the department, mainly due to the theme parks such as Disneyland Resort Paris.

Demographics

People from Seine-et-Marne are know as the "Seine-et-Marnais".

Originally Seine-et-Marne was very rural and lightly populated. Over the past 50 years, however, its population has tripled, due to the development of the Paris conurbation and the building of new towns. The population was estimated to be 1,267,496 inhabitants in 2006. The region has changed from consisting only of small villages to forming a large part of the Paris conurbation.

Seine-et-Marne as a whole shares a Sister Cities relationship with Orlando, Florida, United States, as both host Disney theme parks.

Immigration

France immigration
collectivity_name=Seine-et-Marne
census_year=1999
metropolitan_France=86.6
outside_metropolitan_France=13.4
overseas_France=1.4
foreign_French= 2.3
EU-15=3.8
non-EU-15=5.9

Tourism

* Château de Fontainebleau
* Collège de Juilly
* Vaux-le-Vicomte
* Disneyland Resort Paris
* Forest of Fontainebleau

ee also

*Cantons of the Seine-et-Marne department
*Communes of the Seine-et-Marne department
*Arrondissements of the Seine-et-Marne department

External links

*fr icon [http://www.seine-et-marne.pref.gouv.fr Prefecture website]
*fr icon [http://www.cg77.fr/ General Council website]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Seine-et-Marne — Administration Pays Fran …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Seine-et-marne — Administration Région …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Seine et Marne — Administration Région …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Seine-et-Marne — Region …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Seine-et-Marne — (spr. ßǟn e marn ), Departement im nördlichen Frankreich, aus Teilen der Ile de France (Brie Française und Gâtinais), der Champagne (Brie Champenoise) und von Orléanais (Gâtinais Orléanais) gebildet, grenzt nördlich an die Departements Oise und …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Seine-et-Marne — (spr. ßähn e marn), franz. Departement in der Isle de France, aus Teilen der Brie und des Gâtinais Français bestehend, 5931 qkm, (1901) 358.325 E.; Hauptstadt Melun …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Seine-et-Marne —   [sɛne marn], Département in Frankreich, östlich von Paris, im Pariser Becken, Region Île de France, 5 915 km2, 1,194 Mio. Einwohner; Verwaltungssitz: Melun.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Seine-et-Marne — El departamento de Seine et Marne (77) es un departamento francés, que pertenece a la región de Île de France. Debe su nombre a los ríos Sena y Marne. Su prefetura es la ciudad de Melun …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • SEINE-ET-MARNE —    (356), a north midland department of France lying E. of Seine; the Marne crosses the N. and the Seine the S.; has a fertile soil, which grows in abundance cereals, vegetables, and fruits; many fine woods, including Fontainebleau Forest,… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Seine-et-Marne — Sp Senà ir Márna Ap Seine et Marne L dep. Š Prancūzijoje …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė