Calvados


Calvados
Calvados
—  Department  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Location of Calvados in France
Coordinates: 49°02′N 0°15′E / 49.033°N 0.25°E / 49.033; 0.25Coordinates: 49°02′N 0°15′E / 49.033°N 0.25°E / 49.033; 0.25
Country France
Region Basse-Normandie
Prefecture Caen
Subprefectures Bayeux
Lisieux
Vire
Government
 – President of the General Council Anne d'Ornano (Miscellaneous Right-wing)
Area1
 – Total 5,548 km2 (2,142.1 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 – Total 673,667
 – Rank 31st
 – Density 121.4/km2 (314.5/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 – Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Department number 14
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 49
Communes 706
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

The French department of Calvados (pronounced: [kal.va.dos]) is part of the region of Basse-Normandie in Normandy. It takes its name from a cluster of rocks off the English Channel coast. The pronunciation varies: in French the final 's' is not mute; in English usually Calvadoss with stress on the first syllable.

Contents

History

Calvados is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from a part of the former province of Normandy. The name "Orne inférieure" was originally proposed for the department, but it was ultimately decided to call the area Calvados.

Its etymology is most likely derived from the Salvador, a ship from the Spanish Armada that sank by the rocks near Arromanches-les-bains in 1588. However, others insist that the name Calvados was derived from calva dorsa, meaning bare backs, in reference to two sparsely vegetated rocks off its shore.[1]

After the allied victory at Waterloo the department was occupied by Prussian troops between June 1815 and November 1818.

On 6 June 1944, the Allied forces landed on the beaches of the Bay of the Seine in what became known as the Battle of Normandy.

Geography

Calvados belongs to the region of Basse-Normandie and is surrounded by the departments of Seine-Maritime, Eure, Orne and Manche. To the north is the Baie de la Seine, part of the English Channel. On the east, the Seine River forms the boundary with Seine-Maritime. Calvados includes the Bessin area, the Pays d'Auge and the area known as the "Suisse normande" ("Norman Switzerland").

The most notable places in Calvados include Deauville and the formerly elegant 19th-century casino resorts of the coast.

Economy

Agriculture dominates the economy of Calvados. The area is known for producing butter, cheese, cider and Calvados, the apple-based spirit that takes its name from the area.

Politics

The President of the General Council is the centrist Anne d'Ornano. She is the wife of Michel d'Ornano, the former dominant figure of the right and centre in the department. The Conseil General of Calvados and Devon County Council signed a Twinning Charter in 1971 to develop links with the English county of Devon.[2]

Party seats
Socialist Party 18
Miscellaneous Right 18
Union for a Popular Movement 6
Left Radical Party 3
New Centre 3
MoDem 1

Demography

The inhabitants of Calvados are called "Calvadosiens" (male) and "Calvadosiennes" (female). In 1999, Calvados had 648,299 inhabitants, making it the 30th most populated French department.

Age distribution in Calvados:

  • 75 years and older: 7.2%
  • 60 – 74 years old: 13.16%
  • 40 – 59 years old: 25.52%
  • 20 – 39 years old: 28.53%
  • 0 – 19 years old: 25.6%

Culture

The Bayeux Tapestry is on display in Bayeux and makes the city one of the most-visited tourist destinations in Normandy. Juno Beach Centre at Courseulles-sur-Mer, Calvados, commemorates the D-Day landing of the Canadian liberation forces at Juno Beach during World War II in 1944. The cult of Saint Thérèse de Lisieux brings large numbers of people on pilgrimage to Lisieux, where she lived in a Carmelite convent. Every September, Deauville hosts the Festival of the American Movie and the beach resort of Cabourg hosts the Festival of the Romantic Movie. Annually, the city of Caen celebrates the festival of the electronical cultures called "Nordik Impakt" & The festival of Beauregard, just around Caen.

The local dialect of the Norman language is known as Augeron. It is spoken by a minority of the population.

Tourism

Calvados is one of the most visited areas in France because of its seaside resorts which are among the most prestigious in France with their luxurious hotels, casinos, green countryside, manors, castles, the quiet, the chalk cliffs, the typical Norman houses, the history of William the Conqueror, Caen, Bayeux, Lisieux, the famous D-day beaches and numerous museums about the Second World War. The culinary specialties from the verdant countryside of Calvados are abundant: cider, calvados, camembert and Pont-l'Évêque cheeses.

One of the advantage of Calvados is to be at fairly near large urban centers (Paris, Ile de France). Calvados is therefore often preferred for holidays and for weekends and sometimes considered as the countryside of Paris .

Calvados, via the port of Ouistreham, is an entrance to the continent from Britain. There are two airports: Caen-Carpiquet and Deauville-Saint Gatien. The department of Calvados has several popular tourist areas: the Bessin, the Plain of Caen, the Bocage Virois, the Côte de Nacre, the Côte Fleurie and the Pays d'Auge. Several beaches of Calvados are popular for water sports, including Cabourg and Merville-Franceville-Plage.

Tourist capacity (2001):

  • 7,818 hotel rooms
  • 13,734 camping sites
  • 1,176 beds (holiday villages)
  • 619 rural gites

Municipalities with more than 10% of second homes

This ranking takes into account all the municipalities having over 10% of second homes in the departement of Calvados. 80% of owners are from the Paris area, 10% are English and 10% are local.

According to the general census of the population of 1 January 2006, 18.9% of housing available in the department were second homes.

Table

Sport

Aquatic sports are often played on the coasts and beaches, for example, kite surfing and beach volleyball. For the season 2007/2008, the Football team of Caen will play in the Ligue 1 French championship (Elite).

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Lepelley, René (1990). Calvados, qui es-tu, d'où viens-tu ou le nom énigmatique d'un département Français  : Critique d'une tradition, hypothèses diverses, proposition d'interprétation. C. Corlet. 
  2. ^ "Twinning". Devon County Council. http://www.devon.gov.uk/index/councildemocracy/neighbourhoods-villages/twinning.htm. Retrieved 8 December 2009. 

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Calvados — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Calvados …   Wikipedia Español

  • calvados — [ kalvados ] n. m. • 1881; du nom du département ♦ Eau de vie de cidre fabriquée dans le Calvados et certains départements avoisinants. Un vieux calvados. Un verre de cette eau de vie. Faire le trou normand avec un calvados. Abrév. fam.CALVA. «… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • calvados — CALVADÓS s.n. Rachiu distilat din cidru. – Din fr. calvados. Trimis de tavilis, 24.05.2002. Sursa: DEX 98  calvádos s. n. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  CALVÁDOS n. Rachiu din cidru. /<fr. calvados …   Dicționar Român

  • Calvados — (Катовице,Польша) Категория отеля: Адрес: ul. Panewnicka 403, 40 774 Катовице, Польша …   Каталог отелей

  • calvados — (izg. kàlvādos/kalvȃdos) m DEFINICIJA rakija jabukovača porijeklom iz Francuske ETIMOLOGIJA fr., prema departmanu Calvados u SZ Francuskoj© …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • calvados — (De Calvados, departamento francés). m. Aguardiente de sidra originario de Francia …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Calvados — [kal′və dōs΄, kal΄və dōs′] n. [after Calvados, department in NW France, where chiefly distilled] [sometimes c ] a French brandy distilled from apple cider …   English World dictionary

  • Calvadōs — Calvadōs, 1) (Rochers de C.), Felsbank längs der Meeresfläche im Kanal (la Manche) zwischen den Mündungen der Orne u. Vire, etwa 31/2 Meilen lang u. 1–11/2 Meilen von der Küste entfernt; wegen der vielen Klippen u. Risse höchst gefährlich für die …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Calvados — (spr. ós), Departement im nordwestl. Frankreich, bildet zwischen dem Mündungsbusen der Seine und der Viremündung ein 55–70 km landeinwärts sich erstreckendes Rechteck, das nördlich vom Kanal (La Manche), im übrigen von den Departements Eure, Orne …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Calvados — Calvadōs, Departement im nordwestl. Frankreich, nach der 26 km langen Klippenkette zwischen den Mündungen der Orne und Vire am Kanal benannt, 5693 qkm, (1901) 410.178 E.; Hauptstadt Caen …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Calvados — Calvados, eine 7 Stunden lange Klippenreihe zwischen den Mündungen der Orne und Vire, von der das Depart. C. am Kanale den Namen hat; es ist eben, fruchtbar, hat auf 1011/3 QM. 491210 E., die sich mit Ackerbau, Viehzucht, Fischerei,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.