Jura (department)


Jura (department)
Jura
—  Department  —

Coat of arms
Location of Jura in France
Coordinates: 46°40′31″N 5°33′16″E / 46.67528°N 5.55444°E / 46.67528; 5.55444Coordinates: 46°40′31″N 5°33′16″E / 46.67528°N 5.55444°E / 46.67528; 5.55444
Country France
Region Franche-Comté
Prefecture Lons-le-Saunier
Subprefectures Dole
Saint-Claude
Government
 – President of the General Council Gérard Bailly
Area1
 – Total 4,999 km2 (1,930.1 sq mi)
Highest elevation 1,200 m (3,937 ft)
Lowest elevation 200 m (656 ft)
Population (1999)
 – Total 250,857
 – Rank 79th
 – Density 50.2/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 – Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Department number 39
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 34
Communes 545
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Jura (French pronunciation: [ʒyʁa]) is a department in the east of France named after the Jura mountains.

Contents

History

Historically, Jura belonged to the Free County of Burgundy, known in French as the Franche-Comté. Dole was the capital until the region was conquered by Louis XIV and it was moved to Besançon. It is now a sous-préfecture of Jura.

As early as the 13th century, inhabitants of the southern 2/3 of Jura spoke a dialect of Arpitan language. It continued to be spoken in rural areas into the 20th century.

Jura is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Franche-Comté. The departments of Jura, Doubs, and Haute-Saône form the modern Franche-Comté region of France. The prefecture (capital) is Lons-le-Saunier.

Geography

Jura is one of four departments of the Franche-Comté region and is surrounded by the French departments of Doubs, Haute-Saône, Côte-d'Or, Saône-et-Loire, and Ain, as well as the Swiss canton of Vaud on the east.

The Jura mountains are wooded and rolling, not craggy and rocky like the Alps.

Many lakes can be found throughout the Jura - the largest natural lake being Lac de Chalain, measuring 3 km long and 1 km wide. Lac de Vouglans was formed after the building of a hydro-electric dam. It is one of the largest man-made lakes in France.

Politics

The President of the General Council is Jean Raquin (Miscellaneous Right).

Party seats
Union for a Popular Movement 15
Socialist Party 8
Miscellaneous Left 6
French Communist Party 3
Miscellaneous Right 2

Climate

The climate of the Jura varies greatly by elevation. The lower valleys are temperate and pleasant, but the high mountain valleys have bitterly cold winters.

Economy

Jura is a wine-growing region. The Jura wines are very distinctive and unusual wines, such as vin jaune, which is made by a similar process to sherry, developing under a flor of yeast. This is made from the local Savagnin grape variety. Other grape varieties include Poulsard, Trousseau, and Chardonnay.

The department contains no industrial cities: the few towns function as administrative and commercial centres serving Jura's rural economy. In the absence of large-scale industrial enterprises, small artisanal businesses play an important role. The Jura CFA (Centre for apprenticeship and training) recently recorded 752 current apprenticeships in trades such as building, baking, butchery, hair dressing, car repairing, sales and other non-factory based occupations.

Tourism

The Jura mountains provide ample opportunities for hiking, skiing, and other winter sports.

See also

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Communes of the Jura department — The following is a list of the 544 communes of the Jura département, in France. Tancua was included in Morbier on January 1, 2007. INSEE code Postal code Commune 39001 39500 …   Wikipedia

  • Arrondissements of the Jura department — The 3 arrondissements of the Jura department are: # Arrondissement of Dole, (subprefecture: Dole) with 10 cantons and 130 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 76,433 in 1990, and was 77,078 in 1999, an increase of 0.84%. #… …   Wikipedia

  • Cantons of the Jura department — The following is a list of the 35 cantons of the Jura department, in France, sorted by arrondissement:Arrondissement of Dole (11 cantons)* Chaumergy * Chaussin * Chemin * Dampierre * Dole * Dole Nord Est * Dole Sud Ouest * Gendrey * Montbarrey *… …   Wikipedia

  • Jura — Places named Jura include:*Jura, Scotland, Scottish island, in the Inner Hebrides *Jura mountains, on the French Swiss German border **Franconian Jura, the part of the Jura mountains in South Eastern Germany *Jura (department), a department in… …   Wikipedia

  • Jura Mountains — Not to be confused with Montes Jura. Jura Mountains Range Looking towards Lelex from near the Crêt de la Nei …   Wikipedia

  • Jura —    A mountain range straddling the border between France and switzerland, the Jura begins in coastal France on the northern bank of the rhône river in the department of Ain and extends north, forming the western bank of the river until it reaches …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Jura — /joor euh/; Fr. /zhyuu rddann /, n. 1. a department in E France. 238,856; 1952 sq. mi. (5055 sq. km). Cap.: Lons le Saunier. 2. See Jura Mountains. * * * ▪ canton, Switzerland       canton, northwestern Switzerland, comprising the folded Jura… …   Universalium

  • Jura — /ˈdʒʊərə/ (say joouhruh), /ˈʒʊərə/ (say zhoouhruh) noun 1. a department in eastern France. 5055 km2. Capital: Lons le Saunier. 2. → Jura Mountains. 3. a range of mountains in the north eastern quadrant of the moon …   Australian English dictionary

  • Dole, Jura — Dole …   Wikipedia

  • Courbette, Jura — Courbette …   Wikipedia


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.