- National symbols of Canada
Culture of Canada
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National symbols of Canada are the symbols that are used in Canada and abroad to represent the country and its people. Prominently, the use of the maple leaf as a Canadian symbol dates back to the early 18th century, and is depicted on its current and previous flags, the penny, and on the coat of arms (or royal arms).
The Crown symbolizes the Canadian monarchy, and appears on the coat of arms (used by parliamentarians and government ministries), the flag of the Governor General, the coats of arms of many provinces and territories; the badges of several federal departments, the Canadian Forces, Royal Military College of Canada, Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), many regiments, and other police forces; on buildings, as well as some highway signs and licence plates. Also, the Queen's image appears in Canadian government buildings, military installations and schools; and on Canadian stamps, $20 bank notes, and all coins.
Canada is known for its vast forests and mountain ranges and the animals that reside within them, such as moose, beaver, caribou, polar bears, grizzly bears, Canada Goose, Canada Lynx, and the common loon. The beaver's emblematic status originated from the fact much of Canada's early economic history was tied to the fur trade in beaver fur, used to make hats fashionable in Europe. Another reason for the beaver's status in Canadian heraldry is that it is symbolic of industry, due to its habit of constructing dams and lodges. Beavers appear on the reverse of Canadian nickels (5 cent piece).
The Canadian horse is an official Canadian symbol and commonly appears in images with the Mounties. The Officer Cadets of the Royal Military College of Canada are normally represented in their distinctive scarlet uniform with a ceremonial sword or swagger stick.
Additional national symbols include the RCMP, Parliament Buildings and anything pertaining to ice hockey, Canada's official winter sport, and lacrosse, Canada's official summer sport, which are often used as national symbols of unity and pride.
In recent years, other symbols have become a source of pride: notably, the I Am Canadian campaign by Molson beer, most notably the commercial featuring Joe Canadian, infused domestically-brewed beer with nationalism, creating irony when Molson later merged with the American beer company Coors. The Canadian fashion retailer Roots sells a variety of merchandise designed to evoke nationalistic sentiment.
List of symbols
Symbol image Declared Royal Standard September 1961 National flag February 15, 1965 Royal Union Flag February 15, 1965 Royal Arms November 21, 1921 Great Seal 1952 Royal cypher 1952 Royal Anthem
"God Save the Queen"
1867 (song dates to 1744) National anthem
July 1, 1980 (song dates to 1880) Motto
A Mari Usque Ad Mare
(From sea to sea)
November 21, 1921 National colours November 21, 1921 Tree
1996 Floral emblem
c. 1860 Animal
2002 National sport
May 12, 1994
Ice hockey (winter)
May 12, 1994 Tartan
Maple Leaf Tartan
March 9, 2011
- Department of Canadian Heritage (2002). Symbols of Canada. Ottawa, ON: Queen's Printer for Canada. ISBN 0-660-18615-2. http://www.pch.gc.ca/progs/cpsc-ccsp/sc-cs/index_e.cfm.
- Ross, David; Hook, Richard (1988). The Royal Canadian Mounted Police 1873-1987. London: Osprey. ISBN 0-85045-834-X.
- Hutchins, Donna; Hutchins, Nigel (2006). The Maple Leaf Forever: A Celebration of Canadian Symbols. Erin: The Boston Mills Press. ISBN 978-1550464740.
- ^ a b c d e f "The Crown in Canada". Department of Canadian Heritage. http://www.pch.gc.ca/pgm/ceem-cced/symbl/101/102-eng.cfm. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
- ^ CanLII - Fédéral - S.C. 2002, c. 11 - National Horse of Canada Act
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Official symbols of Canada". The Department of Canadian Heritage. http://www.pch.gc.ca/pgm/ceem-cced/symbl/101/103-eng.cfm. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
- ^ a b c "Other symbols of Canada". The Department of Canadian Heritage. http://www.pch.gc.ca/pgm/ceem-cced/symbl/101/104-eng.cfm. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
- ^ "The Royal Union flag (Union Jack)". Department of Canadian Heritage. http://www.pch.gc.ca/progs/cpsc-ccsp/sc-cs/union-eng.cfm. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
- ^ "The arms of Canada". Department of Canadian Heritage. http://www.pch.gc.ca/pgm/ceem-cced/symbl/arm1-eng.cfm. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
- ^ "National Sports of Canada Act, CHAPTER N-16.7". Code of Canada. Government of Canada. 12 May 1994. http://www.pch.gc.ca/pgm/sc/legsltn/n-16-eng.cfm.
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