Flora of Canada

Flora of Canada

The flora of Canada is quite diverse, due to the wide range of ecoregions and environmental conditions present in Canada. From the warm, temperate broadleaf forests of southern Ontario to the frigid Arctic plains of the Northern Canada, from the wet temperate rainforests of the west coast to the arid deserts, badlands and tundra plains, the biodiversity of Canada's plants is extensive. About 4,100 species of vascular plants are native to Canada, and about 1,200 additional non-native species are recorded as established outside cultivation there.

Many of the plants seen in Canada are introduced, either intentionally or accidentally. For these plants, see List of the plants introduced to North America.

The most threatened wildlife species (with fauna too) of Canada are listed in the List of Wildlife Species at Risk according the Canadian Species at Risk Act.

Lists of all plants

* List of Canadian plants by family: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I J K | L | M | N | O | P Q | R | S | T | U V W | X Y Z
* List of Canadian plants by genus: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I J K | L | M | N | O | P Q | R | S | T | U V W | X Y Z

Lists of plant types

* Conifers
* Non-vascular plants
* Trees

ee also


* [http://nhic.mnr.gov.on.ca/MNR/nhic/species/species_list.cfm Species List for Vascular Plants] , Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources Natural Heritage Information Centre — retrieved May 2006.

* S.J. Meades, D. Schnare, K. Lawrence and C. Faulkner. (2004 onwards). [http://www.northernontarioflora.ca Northern Ontario Flora Database Website] Version 1, January 2004. Algoma University College and Great Lakes Forestry Centre, Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, Canada.

* [http://www.natureserve.org/explorer NatureServe Explorer]

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