Central Canada


Central Canada

Central Canada (sometimes the Central provinces) is a region consisting of Canada's two largest and most populous provinces: Ontario and Quebec. Central Canada, with the four Atlantic provinces, forms Eastern Canada. The term "Central Canada" is less often used than the names of the individual provinces.

Geography

Central Canada is named as such due to the fact that it has 4 provinces on either side of it. Ontario and Quebec being the two central provinces.Despite its name, Central Canada is located entirely in the eastern half of the country, with Quebec extending further east than every province, except for Newfoundland and Labrador. Longitudinally, the middle of Canada is a meridian passing just east of Winnipeg, Manitoba; the geographic centre of Canada is located near Arviat, Nunavut. They are called central Canada because the provinces on either side of it are often grouped together as distinct regions historically and politically. Historically, southern Ontario was once called Upper Canada and later Canada West, and southern Quebec Lower Canada and later Canada East. Both were made part of the United Province of Canada in 1841. [Constitutional Act of 1791, Act of Union 1840, British North America Acts (1867)]

Population

Combined, the two provinces have approximately 20 million inhabitants which represents 62% of Canada's population. They are represented in the Canadian House of Commons by 181 Members of Parliament (Ontario: 106, Quebec: 75) out of a total of 308. The southern portions of the two provinces — particularly the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor — are the most urbanized and industrialized areas of Canada, containing the country's two largest cities, Toronto and Montreal, and the national capital, Ottawa.

;Census Metropolitan Areas, 2007 population estimates [ [http://www40.statcan.ca/cgi-bin/getcans/sorth.cgi?lan=eng&dtype=fina&filename=demo05a.htm&sortact=2&sortf=6 Statistics Canada - Population of census metropolitan areas (2001 Census boundaries)] ]

# Toronto: 5,406,300
# Montreal: 3,666,300
# Ottawa-Gatineau: 1,158,300
# Quebec City: 723,300
# Hamilton: 716,200
# London: 465,700
# Kitchener: 463,600
# St. Catharines–Niagara: 396,800
# Oshawa: 344,400
# Windsor: 332,100
# Sherbrooke: 218,700
# Sudbury: 162,000
# Kingston: 155,000
# Saguenay: 152,100
# Trois-Rivières: 142,600
# Thunder Bay: 125,400

References

See also

*List of regions of Canada


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