- Great Seal of Canada
The Great Seal of Canada is a seal used for official purposes of state in
Canadasuch as the certification of Acts of Parliamentthat have been granted Royal Assent.
The first Great Seal of Canada was carved in
United Kingdomin 1869, and sent to Canada to replace a temporary seal which had been used since Canadian Confederationin 1867; it depicted Queen Victoria seated behind a canopy.
New seals are prepared whenever a new
monarchtakes the throne. The current Great Seal was made at the Royal Canadian Mintwhen Queen Elizabeth II succeeded her father in 1952, and it went into use in 1955. The seal is made of specially tempered steel, weighs 3.75 kilograms, and is 127 millimetres in diameter. The image represents the Queen enthroned and robed, holding the orb and sceptre, and shows her sitting on the coronation chair with the 1957 version of the Royal Arms of Canadain front, and is incribed "Reine du Canada - Elizabeth II - Queen of Canada". The inscriptions on it are in French and English. Previous Great Seals of Canada were inscribed in Latin.
While the Governor General is the keeper of the Great Seal, the Queen's representative places the Great Seal in the protection of the Office of the Registrar General of Canada; the current Registrar General is the
Jim Prentice, who came into the position by virtue of also being the Minister of Industry. Each of the provinces also have their own seals, for similar purposes, kept by the lieutenant governors of those provinces.
The Great Seal is protected under the "Security of Information Act". Section 5(2)(e) "Unauthorized use of uniforms; falsification of reports, forgery, personation and false documents" states:
Monarchy of Canada
Monarchy in the Canadian provinces
* [http://www.pch.gc.ca/progs/cpsc-ccsp/sc-cs/o8_e.cfm Canadian Heritage - The Great Seal of Canada]
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