Columbia Mountains

Columbia Mountains
Columbia Mountains
Mount Sir Sandford from the Gothics Glacier
Countries Canada, United States
Provinces/States British Columbia, Montana, Idaho, Washington (U.S. state)
Part of Pacific Cordillera
Highest point Mount Sir Sandford
 - elevation 3,519 m (11,545 ft)
 - coordinates 51°39′24″N 117°52′03″W / 51.65667°N 117.8675°W / 51.65667; -117.8675
Length 741 km (460 mi), N-S
Width 493 km (306 mi), W-E
Area 135,952 km2 (52,491 sq mi)
Location map of Columbia Mountains: dotted lines to left mark boundaries of Okanagan, Shuswap and Quesnel Highlands, dotted lines to lower right mark Salish and Cabinet Mountains.
Monashee Mountains, on the right of Kinbasket Lake. Range of Columbia Mountains.

The Columbia Mountains are a group of mountain ranges located in southeastern British Columbia, and partially in Montana, Idaho and Washington. The mountain range covers 135,952 km² (52,491 sq mi). The range is bounded by the Rocky Mountain Trench on the east, and the Kootenay River on the south; their western boundary is the edge of the Interior Plateau. Seventy-five percent of the range is located in Canada and the remaining twenty-five percent in the United States; American geographic classifications place the Columbia Mountains as part of the Rocky Mountains complex but this designation does not apply in Canada (despite a British Columbia government tourism campaign to rebrand their southern portion as the "Kootenay Rockies"). Mount Sir Sandford is the tallest mountain in the range reaching 3,519 metres (11,545 ft).


Mountain Ranges

The Columbia Mountains are made up of four large ranges:

Additionally lower areas to the west of the main ranges are sometimes included in the description of the Cariboo Mountains:

Some classification systems end the Columbia Mountains at the North Thompson River, such that the Cariboo Mountains are assigned to the Interior Plateau. Where the Columbia Mountains meet the Interior Plateau there are intermediary areas known as highlands - the Quesnel Highland (west flank of the Cariboos), the Shuswap Highland (south of the Cariboos and west of the northern Monashees), and the Okanagan Highland (west of the southern Monashees). These are listed here but are often considered to be part of the Interior Plateau.

Some geographic classifications also include the Cabinet Mountains and Salish Mountains, which lie south of the Purcells between the Kootenai River and the Clark Fork of the Columbia, but in US classification systems they are generally considered to be part of the Rocky Mountains.

Physiographically, they are a distinct province of the larger Rocky Mountain System physiographic division.


The following mountains are the 10 highest mountains (in order) contained within the Columbian Mountains:"Columbia Mountains". 


The following passes are located within or on the perimeter of the Columbia Mountains:

  • Cedarside Pass (Fraser and Columbia Rivers 800m)
  • Canal Flats (Columbia and Kootenay Rivers)
  • Rogers Pass (between Revelstoke and Golden)
  • Kootenay Pass (between Trail and Creston)
  • Eagle Pass (between Revelstoke and Sicamous)
  • Monashee Pass (BC Hwy 6)
  • Bonanza Pass (Christina Lake to Castlegar/Rossland)



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Columbia Mountains —   [kə lʌmbɪə maʊntɪnz], Gebirgsgruppe der kanadischen Kordilleren im Süden der Provinz British Columbia, besteht aus verschiedenen Ketten (Monashee Mountains, Selkirk Mountains, Purcell Mountains, Cariboo Mountains), die durch Gräben getrennt… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Columbia Mountains — f1 Columbia Mountains Umriss der Columbia Mountains in Kanada und den USA Höchster Gipfel …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Columbia Mountains — ▪ mountain range, Canada       range in southeastern British Columbia, Canada, that is bounded by the Rocky Mountain Trench (east), the Columbia River (south), the Interior Plateau (west), and the Fraser River (north). The Columbia Mountains… …   Universalium

  • Columbia Mountains — Sp Kolùmbijos kalna Ap Columbia Mountains L Uolinių kk. dalis, Kanada (Alberta, Britų Kolumbija) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Columbia Mountains (Antarctica) — Coordinates: 70°14′S 63°51′W / 70.233°S 63.85°W / 70.233; 63.85 The Columbia Mountains are a group of largely b …   Wikipedia

  • Columbia River — Der Columbia RiverVorlage:Infobox Fluss/KARTE fehlt Daten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Columbia River — Coordinates: 46°14′39″N 124°3′29″W / 46.24417°N 124.05806°W / 46.24417; 124.05806 …   Wikipedia

  • Columbia River Basalt Group — The Columbia River Basalt Group (including the Steen and Picture Gorge basalts) extends over portions of five states. The Columbia River Basalt Group is a large igneous province that lies across parts of the Western United States . It is found in …   Wikipedia

  • Columbia River Gorge — For the Washington Oregon wine region, see Columbia Gorge AVA. Columbia River Gorge Protected Area L …   Wikipedia

  • Columbia River Treaty — The Duncan Dam was required under the Treaty, and was completed in 1967. It has no powerhouse and remains purely a storage project …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.