Metropolitan Borough of Southwark


Metropolitan Borough of Southwark
Southwark
Motto: United to serve
Metropolitan Borough shown within the County of London
Southwark within the County of London
Geography
Status Metropolitan borough
1911/1931 area 1,132 acres (4.58 km2)
1961 area 1,131 acres (4.58 km2)
HQ Walworth Road
History
Created 1900
Abolished 1965
Succeeded by London Borough of Southwark
Demography
1911 population
- 1911 density
191,907
169/acre
1931 population
- 1931 density
171,695
152/acre
1961 population
- 1961 density
86,249
76/acre
Politics
Governance Southwark Borough Council
The Arms of The Metropolitan Borough of Southwark
Coat of arms of the borough council

The Metropolitan Borough of Southwark was a metropolitan borough in the County of London from 1900 to 1965. It was created to cover the western section of the ancient borough of Southwark and formed the northwestern part of the current London Borough of Southwark. In common with the rest of inner London, the borough experienced a steady decline in population throughout its existence. The borough council made an unsuccessful attempt to gain city status in 1955.

Contents

Name and boundaries

The borough was one of two created in the Southwark area by the London Government Act 1899. It was formed from the areas of three local authorities: St Saviours District Board of Works (the civil parishes of Southwark Christchurch and Southwark St Saviours) and the incorporated vestries of Newington and Southwark St George the Martyr. The remaining, eastern, part of Southwark (the parishes of St John Horsleydown and St Olave & St Thomas) was combined with Bermondsey and Rotherhithe.[1]

The legislation did not name the two boroughs. Instead this responsibility was given to the commissioners who were appointed under the act to simplify the boundaries between the new municipalities. Representatives for the various vestries gave their suggestions: St Saviour's District Board suggested "Southwark" for the western borough, denying that the eastern borough had a "co-equal" claim to the name. Representatives of the Collegiate Church of St Saviour supported the district board. It was pointed out that a new diocese was soon to be established with the collegiate church becoming the cathedral. This, it was reasoned, would make the new borough the "City of Southwark".[2]

Newington Vestry believed that the borough should bear their name as they were the "predominant partner" in the merger in terms of population, acreage, rateable value and municipal property, and that the council was likely to be based in their district. The name "Walworth" was also proposed as the area had Roman associations and also appeared in early written histories.[2]

The commissioners originally suggested that "West Southwark" might be acceptable, with the neighbouring borough bearing the name "East Southwark". The vestry of St John Horsleydown proposed naming the boroughs as "Southwark St Saviour's" and "Southwark St Olave's", a suggestion supported by the London County Council.[2] A decision was finally made on 25 January 1900, with the western borough becoming "Southwark" and the eastern borough as Bermondsey.[3]

The existing boundaries were found to be "very unsatisfactory". Accordingly they were realigned, for the most part following the centre of roads. Guy's Hospital, which had been divided between three parishes, was entirely taken into the borough.[4]

In 1955 the borough council unsuccessfully petitioned for the grant of city status.[5]

Districts

It included the areas now known as:

Abolition

The London Government Act 1963 abolished both the County of London and the metropolitan boroughs. In their place were created Greater London, which was divided into 32 London Boroughs, formed by the merger of existing authorities. On 1 April 1965 the London Borough of Southwark was formed by the amalgamation of the three metropolitan boroughs of Southwark, Camberwell and Bermondsey.[1]

Area and population

The Borough had an area of 1,131 acres (4.6 km2). The population from the Census was:

Civil Parishes 1801-1899

Year[6] 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901
Population 62,669 78,219 99,562 116,006 134,225 152,371 173,900 175,049 195,164 202,693 206,160

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. p. 645. ISBN 0901050679. 
  2. ^ a b c "The New London Boroughs". The Times: p. 12. 1 December 1899. 
  3. ^ "The New London Boroughs". The Times: p. 11. 26 January 1900. 
  4. ^ "The New London Boroughs". The Times: p. 12. 30 November 1899. 
  5. ^ J V Beckett, City Status in the British Isles 1830 - 2002, London, 2005
  6. ^ Statistical Abstract for London, 1901 (Vol. IV); Census tables for Metropolitan Borough of Southwark

Coordinates: 51°29′27″N 0°05′49″W / 51.4908°N 0.0970°W / 51.4908; -0.0970


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Metropolitan Borough of Southwark — Lage von Southwark im früheren County of London Der Metropolitan Borough of Southwark war ein Bezirk im Ballungsraum der britischen Hauptstadt London mit dem Status eines Metropolitan Borough. Er existierte von 1900 bis 1965 und lag im Zentrum… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell — Camberwell Motto: All s well Camberwell within the County of London Geography Status …   Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan Borough of Bermondsey — Bermondsey Motto: Prosunt gentibus artes (Arts profit the people) Bermondsey within the County of London Geography St …   Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan Borough of Chelsea — Chelsea Motto: Nisi Dominus Frustra (Unless God be with us all will be in vain) Chelsea within the County of London Geography St …   Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan Borough of Battersea — Battersea St Mary Motto: Non Mihi Non Tibi Sed Nobis (Not for me, not for thee, but for us) Battersea within the County of London …   Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan Borough of Bethnal Green — Bethnal Green St Matthew Bethnal Green Town Hall Bethnal Green within the …   Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan Borough of Bermondsey — Lage von Bermondsey im früheren County of London Der Metropolitan Borough of Bermondsey war ein Bezirk im Ballungsraum der britischen Hauptstadt London mit dem Status eines Metropolitan Borough. Er existierte von 1900 bis 1965 und lag im Zentrum… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan Borough of Poplar — Poplar Poplar within the County of London Geography Status District (1855 1900) Metropolitan borough (1900 1965) Civil parish (1907 1965) …   Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell — Lage von Camberwell im früheren County of London Der Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell war ein Bezirk im Ballungsraum der britischen Hauptstadt London mit dem Status eines Metropolitan Borough. Er existierte von 1900 bis 1965 und lag im Süden… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan Borough of Hackney — Hackney Motto: Justitia Turris Nostra (Justice is our tower) Hackney within the County of London Geography Status …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.