Metropolitan Borough of Deptford


Metropolitan Borough of Deptford
Deptford
Metropolitan Borough shown within the County of London
Deptford within the County of London
Geography
Status Metropolitan borough
1911 area 1,563 acres (6.33 km2)
1931/1961 area 1,564 acres (6.33 km2)
HQ New Cross Road
History
Origin St Paul Deptford parish
Created 1900
Abolished 1965
Succeeded by London Borough of Lewisham
Demography
1911 population
- 1911 density
109,496
70/acre
1931 population
- 1931 density
106,891
68/acre
1961 population
- 1961 density
68,829
44/acre
Politics
Governance Deptford Borough Council
The unofficial arms of the borough
Coat of arms adopted by the borough council
The bottom half of the borough's shield can be seen on this photo of Lewisham College's Tressillian Building, built 1927-31.
St. Paul's, Deptford, one of the finest Baroque churches in the country

The Metropolitan Borough of Deptford was a Metropolitan borough in the County of London between 1900 and 1965, when it became part of the London Borough of Lewisham along with the Metropolitan Borough of Lewisham.

Deptford Town Hall was built between 1903 and 1905 on New Cross Road. The building is in a grand baroque style, featuring carvings of tritons and admirals to emphasise Deptford's maritime heritage. It is now used by Goldsmiths College.

Contents

History

The borough covered the same area of the parish of St Paul Deptford, which had been separated from the neighbouring parish of St Nicholas Deptford to its north in 1730. The rateable values of the two parishes had been roughly equal when they were separated, but St Paul contained all the farmland to the south, the majority of which was built on over the next 170 years.

When the Metropolitan Borough was created, consideration was given to reuniting the two parishes, but a closer equalisation of rateable value was served by uniting St Nicholas with Greenwich to the east.

The growth of the London conurbation had reached Deptford by the end of the eighteenth century but it had been a large industrial town well before this time: the Royal Docks and the Victualling Yard, which provisioned the Navy, and the various private dockyards, meant it was a prosperous and cosmopolitan town.

Geography

The borough bordered Bermondsey, Greenwich, Lewisham and Camberwell.

The borough covered an area of 1,563 acres (6.3 km2) and included the localities of St Paul Deptford, Brockley, New Cross, and St Johns.

Area and population

The area of the borough was 1,563 acres (6.3 km2). The population from each census was:

Civil Parish of St Paul Deptford, 1801-1899

Year[1] 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 11,349 12,748 14,481 15,314 18,664 24,899 37,834 53,714 76,752 101,286

Metropolitan Borough 1900-1961

Year[2] 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961
Population 110,398 109,496 112,534 106,891 [3] 75,495 68,829

Coat of arms

The borough did not have an officially granted coat of arms, instead using a device of their own design.

The three choughs in the first quarter represent the county of Surrey. They were taken from the arms of Onslow family, one-time lords of the manor of Guildford. The fourth quarter showed a white horse on red, representative of the county of Kent. Before 1889 the area of the borough was divided between the two counties. The second quarter showed a quarter ship on the stocks, for the naval dockyard. The remaining quarter of the shield was a portrait of Peter the Great of Russia, who learnt the art of naval architecture in Deptford.

Above the shield was a mural crown, representing municipal government. On either side was an heraldic dolphin entwining a trident.

References

  1. ^ Statistical Abstract for London, 1901 (Vol. IV); Census tables for Metropolitan Borough of Deptford
  2. ^ Deptford MetB: Census Tables - Vision of Britain accessed 16 Jun 2007
  3. ^ The census was suspended for World War II

Coordinates: 51°28′31″N 0°02′16″W / 51.4754°N 0.0379°W / 51.4754; -0.0379


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