Metropolitan Borough of Lambeth


Metropolitan Borough of Lambeth
Lambeth
Motto: Spectemur Agendo
(Let us be regarded according to our conduct)
Metropolitan Borough of Lambeth shown within the County of London
Lambeth within the County of London
Geography
Status Metropolitan borough
HQ Brixton Hill
History
Origin Lambeth parish
Created 1900
Abolished 1965
Succeeded by London Borough of Lambeth
Politics
Governance Lambeth Borough Council
Arms-lambeth-mbc.jpg
Coat of arms of the borough council

The Metropolitan Borough of Lambeth was a Metropolitan borough under London County Council from 1900 to 1965.

Contents

History

The borough covered the area of the former Lambeth parish vestry. In addition to the historic riverside area of Lambeth, this included Kennington, Vauxhall, Stockwell, Brixton, the western part of Herne Hill, Tulse Hill and Norwood. In 1965 the borough was amalgamated with the Streatham and Clapham parts of the Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth to form the new London Borough of Lambeth.

Politics

The borough council was controlled by the Municipal Reform Party (allied to the Conservatives) until 1937, when the Labour Party gained power. Labour retained control until abolition in 1965.

For elections to parliament, the borough was divided into four constituencies, established in 1885:

In 1950 the borough's representation was reduced to three seats:

Town hall

Lambeth Town Hall was built in Brixton in 1906 – 1908. It replaced the former vestry Hall at Kennington Green.[1] The building is constructed of red brick and Portland stone, with a 41 metre high clock tower. Since 1965 it has formed the headquarters of the successor London Borough.

Population and area

The area of the borough in 1901 was 4,080 acres (16.5 km2). By 1961 it had increased slightly to 4,089 acres (16.5 km2). The borough was more than 7 miles (11.3 km) north to south, but only 2.75 miles (4.4 km) at its widest east to west. The population of the metropolitan borough as recorded at each census was as follows:

Civil Parish 1801–1899

Year[2] 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 27,985 41,644 57,638 87,856 115,888 139,325 162,044 208,342 253,699 275,203

Metropolitan Borough 1900–1961

Year[3] 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961
Population 301,895 298,058 302,863 296,147 [4] 230,240 223,763

Coat of arms

Lambeth Town Hall in central Brixton
The original seal of the borough

When the borough was created in 1900, the corporation adopted a seal which was used in place of a coat of arms. The device was derived from that of the borough's forerunner, Lambeth Vestry. At the base of the seal was a lamb, a play on the name "Lambeth", and a symbol long used to represent the parish. The two shields were those of the Diocese of Canterbury and the Duchy of Cornwall. The first referred to Lambeth Palace, residence of the Archbishop of Canterbury. The second was to show that the Duchy owned estates in the Kennington area of the borough. The design was completed by the cypher of Queen Victoria, and the year of the borough's founding. This device can still be seen in the circular hall of Lambeth Town Hall.

In 1922 the borough obtained an official grant of arms from the College of Arms. The lamb was moved to the crest, on top of the helm. It was transformed into a paschal lamb supporting a pennon of St George. As a number of other crests featured a paschal lamb, a silver and blue wave, for the River Thames, was added. The arms themselves retained references to the Duchy of Cornwall (the black border charged with bezants or gold discs) and the Archbishop of Canterbury (the mitre and crozier). The red cross in the first quarter was taken from the arms of the London County Council, showing that the borough was in the county. The fourth quarter contained a gold and blue chequered pattern, the arms of the de Warennes, Earls of Surrey. This was included to show that Lambeth lay in the county of Surrey until 1889. The ermine patterning in the other quarter was said to stand for "purity and honour".[5]

The motto adopted was Spectemur Agendo, a motto common to several local authorities in England. Although this is generally rendered in English as Judge us by our deeds, the official translation in Lambeth has traditionally been the more ponderous Let us be regarded according to our conduct.

On 22 February 1966 the arms were transferred by royal licence to the London Borough of Lambeth. On registration at the College of Arms, two gold stars were added in the second and third quarters to depict the addition of Clapham and Streatham to Lambeth.

References

  1. ^ Lambeth Town Hall History
  2. ^ Statistical Abstract for London, 1901 (Vol. IV); Census tables for Metropolitan Borough of Battersea
  3. ^ Census Tables for the Metropolitan Borough of Lambeth, from the Vision of Britain
  4. ^ The census was suspended for World War II
  5. ^ Richard Crosley, London's Coats of Arms, 1928

Coordinates: 51°27′39″N 0°07′00″W / 51.4607°N 0.1166°W / 51.4607; -0.1166


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Metropolitan Borough of Lambeth — Lage von Lambeth im früheren County of London Der Metropolitan Borough of Lambeth war ein Bezirk im Ballungsraum der britischen Hauptstadt London mit dem Status eines Metropolitan Borough. Er existierte von 1900 bis 1965 und lag im Süden der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth — Wandsworth Motto: We Serve Wandsworth within the County of London Geography Status …   Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan Borough of Battersea — Battersea St Mary Motto: Non Mihi Non Tibi Sed Nobis (Not for me, not for thee, but for us) Battersea within the County of London …   Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan Borough of Bethnal Green — Bethnal Green St Matthew Bethnal Green Town Hall Bethnal Green within the …   Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan Borough of Chelsea — Chelsea Motto: Nisi Dominus Frustra (Unless God be with us all will be in vain) Chelsea within the County of London Geography St …   Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan Borough of Poplar — Poplar Poplar within the County of London Geography Status District (1855 1900) Metropolitan borough (1900 1965) Civil parish (1907 1965) …   Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell — Camberwell Motto: All s well Camberwell within the County of London Geography Status …   Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth — Lage von Wandsworth im früheren County of London Der Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth war ein Bezirk im Ballungsraum der britischen Hauptstadt London mit dem Status eines Metropolitan Borough. Er existierte von 1900 bis 1965 und lag im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan Borough of Hackney — Hackney Motto: Justitia Turris Nostra (Justice is our tower) Hackney within the County of London Geography Status …   Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan Borough of Paddington — Paddington Paddington within the County of London Geography Status Metropolitan borough 1911 area …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.