- Southwark Cathedral
Infobox UK cathedral
building_name =Southwark Cathedral
location =Southwark, London
full_name =Cathedral and Collegiate Church of St. Saviour and St. Mary Overie
denomination =Church of England
website = [http://www.southwark.anglican.org/cathedral www.southwark.anglican.org]
architecture_style =Romanesque, Gothic
Southwark Cathedral or The Cathedral and Collegiate Church of St Saviour and St Mary Overie,
Southwark, London, lies on the south bank of the River Thamesclose to London Bridge. It should not be confused with the nearby Roman Catholic St George's Cathedral, Southwark.
It is the mother church of the
AnglicanDiocese of Southwark. It has been a place of Christianworship for over 1,000 years, but a cathedralonly since 1905. The present building is mainly Gothic, from between 1220 and 1420.
railwayline from London Bridge station to Cannon Street stationpasses close to the cathedral, blocking the view from the south side. Borough Marketand the Hall of the Worshipful Company of Glaziers and Painters of Glassby the river are in the immediate vicinity.
axon and medieval
The earliest reference to the site was in the
Domesday Booksurvey of 1086, wherein the " minster" of Southwark seems to be under the control of Bishop Odo of Bayeux William the Conqueror's half-brother. It is unlikely that this minster pre-dates the conversion of Wessexin the mid-seventh century, or the foundation of the "burh" ca AD 886. There is no proof of any claims, as presently made by the Cathedral authorities, that a conventwas founded on the site in 606nor of the claim that a monasterywas founded by St Swithunin the ninth century. The Saxon minster was a collegiate churchservicing a south Thamesarea. In 1106, Henry I's reign, the latter became an Augustinian Priory: Norman stonework can still be seen, and Thomas Becketpreached here before departing to Canterbury, days before his murder in 1170.
The main structure of the present church was built between
1220and 1420, making it the first Gothic church in London.
Peter des Roches, Bishop of Winchester, repaired the church after a
1212fire. In the 1390's, it was again devistated by fire, and in around 1420, once again a Bishop of WinchesterHenry Beaufort, assisted with the rebuilding of the south transept and the completion of the tower.
The 15th century poet
John Goweris buried there, with a good church monument, whose painting has been kept renewed (picture below).
16th and 17th centuries
Heresy trials occurred in the Galilee chapel in 1555, under
Mary I of England.
Shakespeare buried his brother, Edmund, here in 1607. (The Cathedral contains a 19th century large stained glass window dedicated to William, depicting scenes from all of the plays he wrote, at the base of the which is a statue of a reclining
William Shakespeareholding a quill.) It was a popular resting place for dramatists - John Fletcher and Philip Massingerare also buried here. Lancelot Andrewes, part-author of the Authorised Version, is buried by the high altar and John Harvard was baptised here.
It was from Southwark Minster that Czech
Wenceslas Hollardrew the "Long View of London" in 1638, a panorama which has become a definitive impression of 17th century London.
19th century to present
It was designated as a cathedral in 1905 when the
Church of EnglandDiocese of Southwark was created. Its first and longest serving organist was Dr E. T. Cookwho would broadcast daily on BBC radioduring the 1920s and 1930s.
There is a memorial to the victims of the
Marchioness disasterand monuments to Nelson Mandelaand Desmond Tutu. On 16 November 1996the cathedral became a focus of controversy by hosting a twentieth-anniversary service for the Lesbian and Gay Christian Movement. Jeffrey John, the Dean of St Albans and former bishop-elect of Reading, was Canon Theologian of Southwark. In 2001, Mandela opened a new northern 'cloister' on the site of the old monastic one, with a refectory, shop, conference centre, education centre and museum. In 2002, these Millennium buildings received an award for being one of the best new buildings of the year.
The cathedral is used by
London South Bank Universityfor its annual honorary degreeceremony, by City University Londonfor its degree ceremonies and by King's College Londonfor its medical and dental degree ceremonies; an association stemming from the merger with Guy's and St Thomas' teaching hospitals. Indeed, St Thomas' started as an infirmary attached to the Priory of St Mary. The cathedral is also used to host The London Nautical School's annual Christmas Carol Service. The Choir is supported financially by the St Olave's & St Saviour's Schools Foundation, which stems from the two parochial schools set up in the 1560s.
The cathedral's third choir, the
Southwark Cathedral Merbecke Choir, was formed in late 2003. It comprises ex-choristers (boys and girls) and other young singers, and sings regularly in the cathedral.
There are two other cathedrals in Southwark — the
Roman Catholic St George's Cathedral Southwarkand the Greek Orthodox St Mary's at Camberwell New Road.
The Southwark Choir performed the
Mr. Beantheme song.
Parts of the
Doctor Whoepisode The Lazarus Experimenttake place at Southwark Cathedral but, although the exterior appears, the interior shots were filmed at Wells Cathedral.
List of cathedrals in the United Kingdom
St Paul's Cathedral- the Anglicancathedral in the neighbouring Diocese of London
St George's Cathedral, Southwark- the Roman Catholiccathedral in the Archdiocese of Southwark
List of churches and cathedrals of London
Architecture of the medieval cathedrals of England
English Gothic architecture
Church of England
* [http://www.southwark.anglican.org/cathedral/ Southwark Cathedral]
* [http://www.london-se1.co.uk/venue/13/southwark-cathedral London SE1: Attractions & Museums: Southwark Cathedral]
* [http://www.flickr.com/search/?w=all&q=Southwark+Cathedral&m=text Flickr images tagged Southwark Cathedral]
* [http://www.shipoffools.com/mystery/specials/london_05/reports/1071.html Mystery Worshipper Report] at the Ship of Fools website
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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