Auxiliaries


Auxiliaries

An auxiliary force is a group affiliated with, but not part of, a military or police organization. In some cases, auxiliaries are armed forces operating in the same manner as regular soldiers. Most often, auxiliaries are civilian volunteer components supporting the main police or military force.

Contents

Historical usage

The Auxiliary Division was a British paramilitary police force raised during the Irish War of Independence 1919–21. Colonial Auxiliary Forces were used in Africa during the Anglo-Boer War and elsewhere. Nazi German paramilitary police forces, called Hilfspolizei or Schutzmannschaft, were raised during World War II and were the collaborationist auxiliary police battalions of native policemen in occupied countries, which were created to fight the resistance during World War II mostly in the Eastern European countries occupied by Nazi Germany. Hilfspolizei refers also to German auxiliary police units. There was also a HIPO Corps in occupied Denmark. The term is mostly historical; it has been applied to some units created in 1933 by the early Nazi government (mostly from members of SA and SS) and disbanded the same year due to international protests.[1][2][3][4].

Roman auxiliaries

Auxiliaries in the Roman army were recruited from peoples that did not have Roman citizenship. As the Roman army was essentially based on heavy infantry, it favored the recruitment of auxiliaries that excelled in other roles, such as missile troops (e.g. Balearic slingers and Cretan archers), cavalry (recruited among peoples such as the Numidians, and the Thracians), or light infantry. Auxiliaries were not paid the same rate as legionaries, but auxiliaries could earn Roman citizenship after a term of service.

Military or governmental auxiliaries

References

  1. ^ http://www.ospreypublishing.com/title_detail.php/title=T0684~view=extract
  2. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=-loCEm4maE8C&pg=PA37&dq=Hilfspolizei&ei=WofuR7ieFIOOywS2y6SpAQ&sig=eegphVoUYC7cqlhmL915TsVMtRk
  3. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=pA0fAAAAMAAJ&q=Hilfspolizei&dq=Hilfspolizei&lr=&ei=kIfuR76cIpfayASt77zGCw&pgis=1
  4. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=HAMd81LJJs4C&pg=PA9&dq=Hilfspolizei&lr=&ei=v4juR-aZDpW2ygTWxsFa&sig=1e9W2AsErvNKVcgXPmL4Ml0X6kc

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