- Chief of Staff of the United States Army
Chief of Staff of the Army
GEN Raymond T. Odierno
Since: September 7, 2011
First LTG Samuel B. M. Young Formation August 15, 1903 Website Official Website
The Chief of Staff of the Army (acronym: CSA) is a statutory office (10 U.S.C. § 3033) held by a four-star general in the United States Army, and is the most senior uniformed officer assigned to serve in the Department of the Army, and as such is the principal military advisor and a deputy to the Secretary of the Army; and is in a separate capacity a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (10 U.S.C. § 151), and thereby a military advisor to the National Security Council, the Secretary of Defense, and the President. The Chief of Staff is typically the highest ranking officer on active-duty in the U.S. Army unless the Chairman and/or the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff are Army officers.
The Chief of Staff of the Army is an administrative position based in the Pentagon, and while the Chief of Staff do not have operational command authority over Army forces proper (that is within the purview of the Combatant Commanders who reports to the Secretary of Defense), the Chief of Staff does exercise supervision of Army units and organizations as the designee of the Secretary of the Army.
The current Chief of Staff of the Army is General Raymond T. Odierno.
The Senior Leadership of the Department of the Army consists of two civilians, the Secretary of the Army (Head of the department and subordinate to the Secretary of Defense) and the Under Secretary of the Army, and two military officers, the Chief of Staff of the Army and the Vice Chief of Staff of the Army.
The Chief of Staff reports directly to the Secretary of the Army for army matters and assists in the Secretary's external affairs functions including: presenting and enforcing Army policies, plans, and projections. The Chief of Staff also directs the Inspector General of the Army to perform inspections and investigations as required. The Chief of Staff also presides over the Army Staff and represents Army capabilities, requirements, policy, plans, and programs in Joint fora. Under delegation of authority made by the Secretary of the Army, the Chief of Staff also designates army personnel and army resources to the Commanders of the Combatant Commands. He also performs all other functions enumerated in 10 U.S.C. § 3033 under the authority, direction and control of the Secretary of the Army, or delegates those duties and responsibilities to other officers in his administration in his name. Like the other service counterparts, the Chief of Staff has no operational command authority over Army forces, dating back to the passage of the Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1958. The Chief of Staff is served by a number of Deputy Chiefs of Staff of the Army, such as G-1, Personnel. The Chief of Staff of the Army base pay is $19,326.60 per month.
Prior to 1903, the senior military officer in the Army was the Commanding General, who reported to the Secretary of War. From 1864 to 1865, Major General Henry Wager Halleck (who had previously been Commanding General) served as "Chief of Staff of the Army" under the Commanding General, Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant, thus serving in a different office and not as the senior officer in the Army.
List of Chiefs of Staff of the Army (1903-Present)
# Name Photo Term began Term ended Notes 1. LTG Samuel B. M. Young August 15, 1903 January 8, 1904 2. LTG Adna Chaffee August 19, 1904 January 14, 1906 3. LTG John C. Bates January 15, 1906 April 13, 1906 4. MG J. Franklin Bell April 14, 1906 April 21, 1910 5. MG Leonard Wood April 22, 1910 April 21, 1914 6. MG William W. Wotherspoon April 22, 1914 November 16, 1914 7. MG Hugh L. Scott November 17, 1914 September 22, 1917 8. GEN Tasker H. Bliss September 23, 1917 May 19, 1918 9. GEN Peyton C. March May 20, 1918 June 30, 1921 10. General of the Armies John J. Pershing July 1, 1921 September 13, 1924 11. MG John L. Hines September 14, 1924 November 20, 1926 12. GEN Charles Pelot Summerall November 21, 1926 November 20, 1930 13. GEN Douglas MacArthur November 21, 1930 October 1, 1935 14. GEN Malin Craig October 2, 1935 August 31, 1939 15. GA George C. Marshall September 1, 1939 November 18, 1945 16. GA Dwight D. Eisenhower November 19, 1945 February 6, 1948 17. GEN Omar Bradley February 7, 1948 August 15, 1949 18. GEN J. Lawton Collins August 16, 1949 August 14, 1953 19. GEN Matthew B. Ridgway August 15, 1953 June 29, 1955 20. GEN Maxwell D. Taylor June 30, 1955 June 30, 1959 21. GEN Lyman L. Lemnitzer July 1, 1959 September 30, 1960 22. GEN George H. Decker October 1, 1960 September 30, 1962 23. GEN Earle G. Wheeler October 1, 1962 July 2, 1964 24. GEN Harold K. Johnson July 3, 1964 July 2, 1968 25. GEN William C. Westmoreland July 3, 1968 June 30, 1972 GEN Bruce Palmer, Jr. July 1, 1972 October 11, 1972 Acting 26. GEN Creighton W. Abrams October 12, 1972 September 4, 1974 Died in office 27. GEN Frederick C. Weyand October 3, 1974 September 30, 1976 28. GEN Bernard W. Rogers October 1, 1976 June 21, 1979 29. GEN Edward C. Meyer June 22, 1979 June 21, 1983 30. GEN John A. Wickham, Jr. July 23, 1983 June 23, 1987 31. GEN Carl E. Vuono June 23, 1987 June 21, 1991 32. GEN Gordon R. Sullivan June 21, 1991 June 20, 1995 33. GEN Dennis J. Reimer June 20, 1995 June 21, 1999 34. GEN Eric K. Shinseki June 21, 1999 June 11, 2003 35. GEN Peter J. Schoomaker August 1, 2003 April 10, 2007 36. GEN George W. Casey, Jr. April 10, 2007 April 10, 2011 37. GEN Martin E. Dempsey April 11, 2011 September 7, 2011 Term shortened due to appointment as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 38. GEN Raymond T. Odierno September 7, 2011 Present
- ^ "General George Casey - Chief of Staff Army". Archived from the original on September 11, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070911193424/http://www.army.mil/leaders/leaders/csa/index.html. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
- ^ Law.cornell.edu, 10 USC 165. Combatant commands: administration and support
- ^ a b Law.cornell.edu, 10 USC 3033. Chief of Staff
- ^ Historical Resources Branch, United States Army Center of Military History
- Bell, William Gardner (2005) . "Appendix B: Chronological List of Senior Officers of the United States Army". Commanding Generals and Chiefs of Staff 1775-2005: Portraits & Biographical Sketches of the United States Army's Senior Officer. United States Army Center of Military History. ISBN 0-16-072376-0. CMH Pub 70-14. http://www.history.army.mil/books/cg&csa/APPDX-B.htm.
Leaders of the United States Army
- Bell, William Gardner (2005). Commanding Generals and Chiefs of Staff 1775-2005:Portraits & Biographical Sketches of the United States Army's Senior Officer. Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History. ISBN 0-16-072376-0. CMH Pub 70–14. http://www.history.army.mil/books/CG&CSA/CG-TOC.htm.
- Watson, Mark Skinner. Chief of Staff: Prewar Plans and Preparations. United States Army in World War II. Washington D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History. http://www.history.army.mil/books/wwii/csppp/index.htm. - full text
Senior Officer /
Chiefs of StaffYoung · Chaffee · Bates · Bell · Wood · Wotherspoon · Scott · Bliss · March · Pershing · Hines · Summerall · MacArthur · Craig · Marshall · Eisenhower · Bradley · Collins · Ridgway · Taylor · Lemnitzer · Decker · Wheeler · Johnson · Westmoreland · Palmer · Abrams · Weyand · Rogers · Meyer · Wickham · Vuono · Sullivan · Reimer · Shinseki · Schoomaker · Casey · Dempsey · Odierno Vice Chiefs of Staff Leadership
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Under Secretaries of Defense:
Acquisition, Technology and Logistics: Frank Kendall III (Acting) • Policy: Michèle Flournoy • Comptroller/Chief Financial Officer: Robert Hale • Personnel and Readiness: Clifford Stanley • Intelligence: Michael Vickers
Chiefs of the Military Services:
Chief of Staff of the Army: Raymond Odierno • Commandant of the Marine Corps: James Amos • Chief of Naval Operations: Jonathan Greenert • Chief of Staff of the Air Force: Norton Schwartz
Commander-in-chief: President of the United States · Secretary of Defense · Deputy Secretary of Defense · Joint Chiefs of Staff (Chairman) · United States Congress: Committees on Armed Services: (Senate · House) · Active duty four-star officers · Highest ranking officers in history · National Security Act of 1947 · Goldwater–Nichols Act
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