Awards and decorations of the United States Army


Awards and decorations of the United States Army

Awards and decorations of the United States Army are those military decorations which are issued to members of the United States Army under the authority of the Secretary of the Army. Together with military badges such awards provide an outward display of a service member's accomplishments.

The first recognized medals of the U.S. Army appeared during the American Civil War and were generally issued by local commanders on an unofficial basis. The Medal of Honor was the first award to be established in regulations as a permanent Army decoration, complete with benefits. The Medal of Honor is the only Civil War era award which has survived as a decoration into the modern age.

Furthermore, the U.S. Army mandates that all unit awards will be worn separate from individual awards on the opposite side of a military uniform. The Army is the only service to require this separation between unit and individual decorations. All Army unit awards are worn enclosed in a gold frame.

History

The Spanish-American War the first widespread award of campaign medals, both for service in the actual conflict and for participation in subsequent garrison and occupation duty. After the Spanish-American War, however, medals in the U.S. Army fell into disuse and, apart from a few peacetime Medal of Honor decorations, there were no further Army medals created until the First World War.World War I saw the first widespread distribution of medals for combat, as the Medal of Honor returned awarded for bravery in battle against an enemy force. The Distinguished Service Cross was also created for those soldiers who had performed feats of bravery but not to the level required of the Medal of Honor. The only other medal of World War I was the World War I Victory Medal, accompanied by a confusing array of battle clasps to denote combat participation.

In the 1920s and 30s, the U.S. Army issued very few decorations and it was often common for a service member to spend an entire career without receiving a single medal. With the outbreak of World War II, however, the Army began the largest expansion of medals since the Spanish-American War as well as the first wide scale issuance of inter-service awards. In addition, several World War II campaign medals were created for various theaters and a World War II Victory Medal was established at the end of the conflict as well as an occupation medal.

In the 1950s and 1960s, the Army expanded both its number of medals and ribbons, as well as having its service members eligible for several new inter-service campaign and service medals (such as the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal and the National Defense Service Medal).

In the modern age, members of other military branches serving under an Army command are also eligible to receive Army decorations. All Army service members may receive inter-service awards, international decorations, and authorized foreign medals. The Department of the Army also awards a limited number of civilian awards.

The current active decorations of the United States Army as follows:

United States Army Decorations

Good Conduct Medals

Other awards

Honorary awards

; Federal honorary awards ("in order of precedence")
*Decoration for Exceptional Civilian Service
*Meritorious Civilian Service Award
*Superior Civilian Service Award
*Commander's Award for Civilian Service
*Achievement Medal for Civilian Service; No order of precedence
*Secretary of the Army Award for Outstanding Achievement in Materiel Acquisition
*Certificate of Appreciation for Patriotic Civilian Service (and lapel pin)
*Armed Forces Civilian Service Medal; Public service awards
*Decoration for Distinguished Civilian Service
*Secretary of the Army Public Service Award
*Outstanding Civilian Service Award
*Commander's Award for Public Service; Awards of unique achievement
*Brigadier General Jeremiah P. Holland Award - awarded to the most outstanding military police unit, company size or smaller, each fiscal year.
*Secretary of the Army Awards for Program/Project Management
*Zachary and Elizabeth Fisher Distinguished Civilian Humanitarian Award
*Civilian Award for Humanitarian Service

ee also

*Awards and decorations of the United States military
*List of military decorations

External links

* [http://www.usamilitarymedals.com/ Army Medals, Awards, and Ribbons]
* [http://www.ezrackbuilder.com/ Determine order of ribbon precedence]


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