- Flags of the United States armed forces
= Branches of the Armed Forces =
The several branches of the
United States armed forcesare represented by flags, among other emblems and insignia. Within each branch, various flags fly on various occasions, and on various ships, bases, camps, and military academies.
In general, the order of precedence when displaying military flags together is Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force and Coast Guard. However, in any period where the Coast Guard is operating as part of the Navy, the Coast Guard Flag would precede the Air Force Flag. [ [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/FAQ/FAQ.htm Frequently Asked Questions Page ] ]
Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff]
Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chairman]
Many other flags are traditionally associated with the military.
Not having made an official design until
1777, a number of flags were carried into battle by American forces. Even after, the vague wording of the Flag Resolution of 1777 led to many designs.
* The most commonly carried pre-1777 flags was the
Grand Union Flag, resembling closely the flag of the British East India Company.
Gadsden flagwas created from a political cartoon, it was first seen carried into battle by Continental Marines.
* Legend holds that the
Betsy Ross flagwas the first version of the current American flag, and is depicted in artwork featuring General George Washington.
* The Francis Hopkinson version is also claimed to be the first flag carried into battle by American troops.
Serapis flagwas flown from the "Serapis" due to the loss of the traditional ensign during its capture.
Cowpens flagwas depicted as being carried by the 3rd Maryland Regimentat the Battle of Cowpens(while proven that the unit was not at Cowpens, the name and pattern remained popular).
Bennington flagis commonly held to have been carried by American troops at the Battle of Bennington.
Guilford Courthouse flagwas carried by the North Carolinamilitia at the Battle of Guilford Court House.
* Several versions of the
Flag of New Englandwere carried by New Englandmilitias, especially noted at the Battle of Bunker Hill.
Pine Tree Flagfound some limited use as a jack by early Naval vessels and boats.
Bedford Flagwas one of the first battle standards of the American military.
Brandywine flagwas carried by the 7th Pennsylvania Regimentat the Battle of Brandywine.
2nd Canadian Regiment, not being American, carried their own flag into battle when fighting for the Continental Army.
Commander-in-Chief's Guardcarried a unique banner while they protected General Washington.
Flag of the Green Mountain Boyswas the battle color of the Green Mountain Boysand the Vermont Republicprior to its admission to the Union.
Star Spangled Banner Flagor Great Garrison Flag was flown over Fort McHenryduring the Battle of Baltimorein the War of 1812, inspiring Francis Scott Keyto write " The Star Spangled Banner"," to become the national anthem.
* A flag proclaiming "
Come and take it" was fashioned by Texans at the battle of Battle of Gonzales.
* The brief existence of the
Confederate States of Americayielded the creation of several flags used by the Confederate Army and Navy.
Fort Sumter Flaggained significance for its unique canton and its lowering at the Battle of Fort Sumter.
Old Glorygained fame in the story of Captain William Driverkeeping it safe from Confederate capture and eventually became the nickname for the Flag of the United States itself.
POW/MIA flagbecame a symbol of concern about military personnel taken as prisoners of warand missing in action.
* Recipients of the
Medal of Honoralso receive a flag based upon the design of the ribbon.
United States Air National Guarduses a .
Guidon (United States)
* [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/TIOH.htm The Institute of Heraldry, U.S. Army]
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