- United States Secretary of the Army
Secretary of the Army
Flag of the Secretary of the Army
Style The Honorable Inaugural holder Kenneth Claiborne Royall Formation 18 September 1947 Deputy Under Secretary of the Army Salary Executive Schedule Level II Website Official Website
The Secretary of the Army (SA or SECARMY) is a civilian official within the Department of Defense of the United States of America with statutory responsibility for all matters relating to the United States Army: manpower, personnel, reserve affairs, installations, environmental issues, weapons systems and equipment acquisition, communications, and financial management. The Secretary of the Army is nominated by the President and confirmed by the U.S. Senate, the Secretary of the Army is a non-Cabinet position serving under the Secretary of Defense. This position was created on September 18, 1947, replacing the Secretary of War, when the Department of War became the Department of the Army and was made a department within the new Department of Defense.
The Senior Leadership of the United States Army consists of two civilians - the Secretary of the Army and the Under Secretary of the Army - and two military officers - the Chief of Staff of the Army and the Vice Chief of Staff of the Army.
The Secretary of the Army (SECARM) is in effect the Chief Executive Officer of the Department of the Army, and the Chief of Staff of the Army works directly for the Secretary of the Army. The Secretary presents and justifies Army policies, plans, programs, and budgets to the Secretary of Defense, other executive branch officials, and to the Congressional Defense Committees. The Secretary also communicates Army policies, plans, programs, capabilities, and accomplishments to the public. As necessary, the Secretary convenes meetings with the senior leadership of the Army to debate issues, provide direction, and seek advice. The Secretary is a member of the Defense Acquisition Board.
The Secretary of the Army has several responsibilities under the Uniform Code of Military Justice, including the authority to convene courts-martial.
Another responsibility of the Secretary of the Army is the management of the Civilian Aides to the Secretary of the Army Program.
Office of the Secretary of the Army
The Office of the Secretary of the Army is composed of the Under Secretary of the Army, the Assistant Secretaries of the Army, the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army, the General Counsel of the Department of the Army, the Inspector General of the Army, the Chief of Legislative Liaison, and the Army Reserve Forces Policy Committee. Other offices may be established by law or by the Secretary of the Army. No more than 1,865 officers of the Army on the active-duty list may be assigned or detailed to permanent duty in the Office of the Secretary of the Army and on the Army Staff.
Chronological list of Secretaries of the Army
Kenneth Claiborne Royall, the last Secretary of War, became the first Secretary of the Army when the National Defense Act of 1947 took effect and was the last Army secretary to hold the cabinet status, which was henceforth assigned to the Secretary of Defense. The current Secretary of the Army, John M. McHugh, took office on September 21, 2009.
Photo Name Term of Office President(s) served under Kenneth Claiborne Royall September 18, 1947 – April 27, 1949 Harry S. Truman Gordon Gray April 28, 1949 – April 12, 1950 Harry S. Truman Frank Pace April 12, 1950 – January 20, 1953 Harry S. Truman Earl D. Johnson (acting) January 20, 1953 – February 4, 1953 Dwight D. Eisenhower Robert Ten Broeck Stevens February 4, 1953 – July 21, 1955 Dwight D. Eisenhower Wilber Marion Brucker July 21, 1955 – January 19, 1961 Dwight D. Eisenhower Elvis Jacob Stahr, Jr. January 24, 1961 – June 30, 1962 John F. Kennedy Cyrus Roberts Vance July 5, 1962 – January 21, 1964 John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson Stephen Ailes January 28, 1964 – July 1, 1965 Lyndon B. Johnson Stanley R. Resor July 2, 1965 – June 30, 1971 Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon Robert F. Froehlke July 1, 1971 – May 14, 1973 Richard Nixon Howard H. Callaway May 15, 1973 – July 3, 1975 Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford Norman R. Augustine (acting) July 3, 1975 – August 5, 1975 Gerald Ford Martin R. Hoffmann August 5, 1975 – January 20, 1977 Gerald Ford Clifford L. Alexander, Jr. February 14, 1977 – January 20, 1981 Jimmy Carter Percy A. Pierre (acting) January 21, 1981 – January 29, 1981 Jimmy Carter John O. Marsh, Jr. January 30, 1981 – August 14, 1989 Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush Michael P. W. Stone August 14, 1989 – January 20, 1993 George H. W. Bush John W. Shannon (acting) January 20, 1993 – August 26, 1993 Bill Clinton Gen. Gordon R. Sullivan (acting)[dubious ] August 28, 1993 – November 21, 1993 Bill Clinton Togo D. West, Jr. November 22, 1993 – May 4, 1997 Bill Clinton Robert M. Walker (acting) December 2, 1997 – July 1, 1998 Bill Clinton Louis Caldera July 2, 1998 – January 20, 2001 Bill Clinton Gregory R. Dahlberg (acting) January 20, 2001 – March 4, 2001 George W. Bush Joseph W. Westphal (acting) March 5, 2001 – May 31, 2001 George W. Bush Thomas E. White May 31, 2001 – May 9, 2003 George W. Bush Les Brownlee (acting) May 10, 2003 – November 18, 2004 George W. Bush Francis J. Harvey November 19, 2004 – March 9, 2007 George W. Bush Pete Geren March 9, 2007 – September 21, 2009 George W. Bush, Barack Obama John M. McHugh September 21, 2009 – Present Barack Obama
United States Secretaries of War and Secretaries of the Army
- ^ ""US CODE: Title 10,3013. Secretary of the Army"". http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/html/uscode10/usc_sec_10_00003013----000-.html. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
- ^ a b Bell, William Gardner (1992). ""Kenneth Claiborne Royall"". Secretaries of War and Secretaries of th Army: Portraits and Biographical Sketches. United States Army Center of Military History. http://www.history.army.mil/books/sw-sa/Royall.htm. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
- ^ ""Secretary of the Army"". Archived from the original on September 21, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070921062151/http://www.army.mil/leaders/leaders/SA/. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
- ^ ""US CODE: Title 10,3014. Office of the Secretary of the Army"". http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/html/uscode10/usc_sec_10_00003014----000-.html. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
- ^ Bell, William Gardner. ""Intro - Secretaries of War & Secretaries of the Army"". Secretaries of War and Secretaries of the Army: Portraits & Biographical Sketches. http://www.history.army.mil/books/sw-sa/Intro.htm. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
- ^ a b c d e f *Bell, William Gardner (1992). Secretaries of War and Secretaries of the Army: Portraits and Biographical Sketches. Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History. http://www.history.army.mil/books/Sw-SA/SWSA-Fm.htm.
- ^ "Secretary of the Army Accused of Shoplifting", Stephanie Griffith and Bill Miller, The Washington Post, August 28, 1993
Secretaries at War
Secretaries of WarKnox • Pickering • McHenry • Dexter • Dearborn • Eustis • Armstrong • Monroe • W. Crawford • Calhoun • Barbour • P. Porter • Eaton • Cass • Poinsett • Bell • Spencer • J. Porter • Wilkins • Marcy • G. Crawford • Conrad • J. Davis • Floyd • Holt • S. Cameron • Stanton • Schofield • Rawlins • Belknap • A. Taft • J. Cameron • McCrary • Ramsey • R. Lincoln • Endicott • Proctor • Elkins • Lamont • Alger • Root • W. Taft • Wright • Dickinson • Stimson • Garrison • Baker • Weeks • D. Davis • Good • Hurley • Dern • Woodring • Stimson • Patterson • Royall Secretaries of the Army Assistant Secretaries of War Under Secretaries of the Army Senior Officials in the United States Department of Defense
Under Secretaries of Defense:
Acquisition, Technology and Logistics: Frank Kendall III (Acting) • Policy: Michèle Flournoy • Comptroller/Chief Financial Officer: Robert Hale • Personnel and Readiness: Clifford Stanley • Intelligence: Michael Vickers
Chiefs of the Military Services:
Chief of Staff of the Army: Raymond Odierno • Commandant of the Marine Corps: James Amos • Chief of Naval Operations: Jonathan Greenert • Chief of Staff of the Air Force: Norton Schwartz
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