Army National Guard


Army National Guard

The Army National Guard (ARNG) is the land force militia organized by each of the several states and territories of the United States. Established under Title 10 and Title 32 of the U.S. Code, the Army National Guard is part of the of state National Guard and is divided up into units stationed in each of the 50 states and U.S. territories and operates under their respective state governor or territorial government [http://usmilitary.about.com/cs/guardandreserve/a/reservecallup.htm] Military Reserves Federal Call Up Authority] . The Army National Guard may be called up for active duty by the state governors or territorial commanding generals to help respond to domestic emergencies and disasters, such as those caused by hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes.

With the consent of state governors, members or units of the Army National Guard may be appointed, temporarily or indefinitely, to be federally recognized armed force members, in the active or inactive service of the United States [http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/10/usc_sec_10_00012211----000-.html] 10 USC 12211. Officers: Army National Guard of the United States] [http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/10/usc_sec_10_00012107----000-.html] 10 USC 12107. Army National Guard of United States; Air National Guard of the United States: enlistment in] . If federally recognized, the member or unit becomes part of the Army National Guard of the United States [http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/32/usc_sec_32_00000101----000-.html] 32 USC 101. Definitions (NATIONAL GUARD)] [ [http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/10/usc_sec_10_00012401----000-.html] 10 USC 12401. Army and Air National Guard of the United States: status] [ [http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/10/usc_sec_10_00010105----000-.html] 10 USC 10105. Army National Guard of the United States: composition] , which is a reserve component of the United States Army , and part of the National Guard of the United States . Army National Guard of the United States units or members may be called up for federal active duty in times of Congressionally sanctioned war or national emergency . The President may also call up members and units of state Army National Guard, with the consent of state governors, to repel invasion, suppress rebellion, or execute federal laws if the United States or any its states or territories are invaded or is in danger of invasion by a foreign nation, or if there a rebellion or danger of a rebellion against the authority of the federal government, or if the President is unable with the regular armed forces to execute the laws of the United States [ [http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/10/usc_sec_10_00012406----000-.html] 10 USC 12406. National Guard in Federal service: call] . Because both state Army National Guard and the Army National Guard of the United States relatively go hand-in-hand, they are both usually referred to as just Army National Guard.

History

The Army National Guard is the oldest branch of the U.S. military, tracing its origins back into American colonies as far back as 1636. English colonists needed to protect themselves and drew civilians into organized militias, from which are descended some units of the Massachusetts Army National Guard. The Army National Guard officially received its title in 1798.Fact|date=July 2008

During World War I, the National Guard provided 40% of the US Army's combat forces. Guard membership doubled in 1940, and provided 19 divisions during World War II, of which the National Guard units were among the first to deploy overseas and the first to fight. Later, 138,000 National Guardsmen were deployed for Korea, and many other smaller deployments. During the Vietnam war, almost 23,000 Army and Air Guardsmen were called up for a year of active duty; some 8,700 were deployed to Vietnam.Fact|date=July 2008

Since September 11, the Army National Guard has been used extensively in Afghanistan and Iraq in support of the War on Terrorism.Fact|date=July 2008

Twenty-first Century Reorganization

The Army National Guard is reorganizing into 28 brigade combat teams (reduced from 32) and 78 support brigades as a part of the Army's transformation plan. When the reorganization is complete, brigades will consist of 3,000 to 4,000 soldiers. Formerly, the Army was principally organized around large, mostly infantry, divisions of around 15,000 soldiers each.Fact|date=July 2008

List of Units Undergoing Transformation

As of November 2006, there are eight Army National Guard divisions. [34th Infantry Division, accessed 21 Nov 2006.] The following is a partial list of the planned end-state organization of the Army National Guard, and includes those brigade and division-level units undergoing transformation as part of the U.S. Army plan.

Divisions

* )
** 2nd Heavy Brigade Combat Team, Pennsylvania, Ohio
** 53rd Infantry Brigade Combat Team, Florida
** 55th Heavy Brigade Combat Team, Pennsylvania
** 56th Stryker Brigade Combat Team, Pennsylvania
** 28th Combat Aviation Brigade, (PA ARNG and NJ ARNG)
* )
** 30th Heavy Brigade Combat Team, North Carolina, West Virginia
** 116th Infantry Brigade Combat Team, Virginia
** Combat Aviation Brigade, (MD ARNG)
* )
** 1st Heavy Brigade Combat Team, (MN ARNG
** 2nd Infantry Brigade Combat Team, (IA ARNG and MN ARNG)
** 32nd Infantry Brigade Combat Team, Wisconsin
** 116th Cavalry Brigade Combat Team (HBCT), Idaho/Montana/Oregon
** Combat Aviation Brigade, (MN ARNG, ND ARNG and ID ARNG)
* )
** 33rd Infantry Brigade Combat Team, Illinois
** 45th Infantry Brigade Combat Team, Oklahoma
** 48th Infantry Brigade Combat Team, Georgia
** Combat Aviation Brigade, (MO ARNG, NE ARNG and UT ARNG)
* )
** 39th Infantry Brigade Combat Team, Arkansas
** 56th Infantry Brigade Combat Team, Texas
** 72nd Infantry Brigade Combat Team, Texas
** 155th Heavy Brigade Combat Team, Mississippi
** 256th Infantry Brigade Combat Team, Louisiana
** Combat Aviation Brigade, (TX ARNG, CO ARNG, AL NG and KS ARNG)
* )
** 37th Infantry Brigade Combat Team, Ohio/Michigan
** 76th Infantry Brigade Combat Team Indiana
** 278th Armored Cavalry Regiment (HBCT), Tennessee
** Combat Aviation Brigade (IN ARNG)
* )
** 29th Infantry Brigade Combat Team, Hawaii/Arizona
** 40th Infantry Brigade Combat Team, California
** 41st Infantry Brigade Combat Team, Oregon
** 81st Heavy Brigade Combat Team, Washington/California
** Combat Aviation Brigade (CA ARNG)
* )
** 27th Infantry Brigade Combat Team, New York
** 50th Infantry Brigade Combat Team, New Jersey
** 86th Infantry Brigade Combat Team (Mountain), Vermont/Connecticut/Maine
** Combat Aviation Brigade, New York

Theater Level Support Organizations

*167th Sustainment Command (Theater)
*135th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)
*184th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)

HQ, Aviation Depot Maintenance Roundout Unit (MD)
*1106th Theater Aviation Maintenance Sustainment Group (CA)
*1107th Theater Aviation Maintenance Sustainment Group (MO)
*1108th Theater Aviation Maintenance Sustainment Group (MS)
*1109th Theater Aviation Maintenance Sustainment Group (CT)

Maneuver Enhancement Brigades

*26th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade, Massachusetts
*92nd Maneuver Enhancement Brigade, Puerto Rico
*110th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade, Missouri
*111th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade, New Mexico
*130th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade, North Carolina
*136th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade, Texas
*141st Maneuver Enhancement Brigade, North Dakota
*149th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade, Kentucky
*157th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade, Wisconsin
*196th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade, South Dakota
*218th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade, South Carolina
*226th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade, Alabama
*648th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade, Georgia

* (Three Maneuver Enhancement Brigade are as of now - July 08 - still unnamed)

Battlefield Surveillance Brigades

*58th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade, Maryland
*67th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade, Nebraska
*71st Battlefield Surveillance Brigade, Texas
*219th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade, Indiana
*297th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade, Alaska
*560th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade, Georgia

Sustainment Brigades

* 34th Sustainment Brigade
* 36th Sustainment Brigade
* 38th Sustainment Brigade
* 40th Sustainment Brigade
* 108th Sustainment Brigade, Illinois
* 113th Sustainment Brigade, North Carolina
* 224th Sustainment Brigade, California
* 230th Sustainment Brigade, Tennessee
* 287th Sustainment Brigade
* 369th Sustainment Brigade
* 371st Sustainment Brigade, Ohio

Fires (Field Artillery) Brigades

* 45th Fires Brigade, Oklahoma
* 65th Fires Brigade, Utah
* 115th Fires Brigade, Wyoming
* 138th Fires Brigade, Kentucky
* 142nd Fires Brigade, Arkansas
* 169th Fires Brigade, Colorado
* 197th Fires Brigade, New Hampshire

Functional Brigades

* 164th Air Defense Artillery Brigade, Florida
* 174th Air Defense Artillery Brigade, Ohio
* 16th Engineer Brigade, Ohio
* 35th Engineer Brigade, Missouri
* 111th Engineer Brigade, West Virginia
* 194th Engineer Brigade, Tennessee
* 43rd Military Police Brigade, Rhode Island
* 49th Military Police Brigade, California
* 177th Military Police Brigade, Michigan
* 228th Signal Brigade (Tactical), South Carolina
* 261st Signal Brigade (Tactical), Delaware
* 31st Chemical Brigade, Alabama

Theater Aviation Assets

66th Theater Aviation Command (WA)

185th Theater Aviation Brigade (MS), 66th TAC
*3-136 TA Bn (MO, RI, PA, IN, VI, MS, CA, CT, OR, OK, WA, SD, Active duty units in Korea and Japan)
*1-169th GSAB (CT, AL, GA, MD, PA, KY, Active Duty Unit in NC.)
*1-171st GSAB (GA, HI, NM, KS)
*1-214th GSAB (Active Duty and Reserve units in Germany)
*351st ASB (SC, KY, WA, MI, OR)

449th Theater Aviation Brigade
*1-126th GSAB (RI, CA, ME)
*1-106th GSAB (IL, MO)
*1-131st ASLT (AL, NC)
*1-244th ASLT (LA, FL)
*248th ASB (IA, WI, LA)

204th Theater Airfield Operations Group (LA, TN, MS, AR, FL)

77th Theater Aviation Brigade (AR), 11th Theater Aviation Command (Active Duty)
*2-238th GSAB (IN, IL, SC, CO, Active Duty Unit)
*1-147th ASLT (WI, MI)
*1-207th ASLT (AK, HI)
*2-285th ASLT (AZ, OK, ND, UT)
*445th ASB (OK, HI, PR, VA, WY)

63rd Theater Aviation Brigade

Units attached to Active Duty or Army Reserve Commands

F Co, 207th Aviation (AK), 244th TAB (Army Reserve), 11th TAC (Active Duty)

C Co (Air Ambulance) (WY, AZ) 5-159th GSAB, 244th TAB (Army Reserve), 11th TAC (Active Duty)

D and E Co Dets (WY, AZ) 5-159th GSAB, 244th TAB (Army Reserve), 11th TAC (Active Duty)

E Co, 164th Theater Airfield Operations Group (NC)

Legacy Units and Formations

The following units were affected by the Army National Guard transformation, but are no longer active.
*49th Armored Division inactivated 1 May 2004; reflagged as the 36th Infantry Division.

Army National Guard Forces

ee also

*
*State Defense Forces

References

* [http://www.ngb.army.mil National Guard Web Site]
* [http://www.arng.army.mil Army National Guard Web Site]
* [http://1800goguard.com Army National Guard Recruiting]
* [http://www.cascom.army.mil/odct/Documents/AUSA_Briefing_26_Sep_05.ppt Unit Designations in the Army Modular Force] , accessed 23 November 2006
*United States National Guard, accessed 4 November 2006


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