- Marion County, Kansas
Marion County, KansasMarion County Courthouse in Marion
Location in the state of Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded August 30, 1855 Seat Marion Area
953.54 sq mi (2,470 km²)
943.11 sq mi (2,443 km²)
10.43 sq mi (27 km²), 1.09%
13.7/sq mi (5.3/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5 Website www.MarionCoKS.net
Marion County (standard abbreviation: MN) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 12,660. The county seat is Marion. The county was named in honor of Francis Marion, a Brigadier General of the American Revolutionary War, known as the "Swamp Fox".
- 1 History
- 2 Law and government
- 3 Geography
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Cities and towns
- 6 Townships
- 7 Education
- 8 Historical Maps
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 Further reading
- 12 External links
In 1806, Zebulon Pike led the Pike expedition westward from St Louis, Missouri, of which part of their journey followed the Cottonwood River through Marion County near the current towns of Florence, Marion, Durham.
The first settlers in Marion County located on Doyle Creek, near the present site of Florence. They were Moses Shane, who came in 1858, and whose death the next year was the first in the county; Patrick Doyle, in 1859, for whom Doyle Creek and Township were named, and a family by the name of Welsh, in which occurred the first birth in the county in August 1859.
In the spring of 1859, a trading post was established at the "Lost Spring" on the Santa Fe Trail, and in the autumn of the same year, the Moore brothers established a ranch near the present site of Durham, and the first post office was established at this place. Later in the same year, a post office was established at "Lost Spring" near the current city of Lost Springs. Previous to this the nearest post office was Emporia. The next year Billings, Griffith, Shreve located where the city of Marion now stands. The population of the county in that year was 74.
Originally, Marion County covered more than a third of the area of Kansas, including all the territory in the state south and west of the present northern and eastern lines of the county. The original location of the county was fixed by legislative act in 1860. It comprised less than the present area. The original boundaries were altered by an increase of territory on the west and a decrease on the south. In 1863, the legislature by special act fixed the boundaries to include all of southwestern Kansas. In June of that year, on petition of the citizens of the county, the governor restored the previous boundaries and ordered a separate organization of the county. The south-eastern border one mile "notch" with Chase County was established under unusual circumstances. A murder had occurred and Marion County didn't want to have the trial, so a section one mile wide and eighteen miles long was ceded to Chase County to ensure the murder had occurred there. The one mile strip of land remains in Chase County to this day.
Santa Fe Railroad
The state of Kansas granted the Atchison and Topeka Railroad three million acres (12,000 km²) of land if it would build a continuous line to the western border of the state within ten years (March 1, 1873). In 1871, the railroad pushed westward from Emporia through Florence, Horners, and Peabody towards Newton, and got title to the land in 1873. According to the original land grant, the railroad was to receive every odd numbered section for ten miles (16 km) on each side of its track, but in eastern Kansas which was pretty well settled, much of this land wasn't available. The law therefore gave the railroad what was called "in lieu" lands further west. Eventually this worked out to be half the land on a strip twenty miles (32 km) on each side of its track from Emporia nearly out to Kinsley, which meant that most of Marion County fell in this strip.
In 1877, the Florence, El Dorado, and Walnut Valley Railroad Company built a branch line from Florence to El Dorado, in 1881 it was extended to Douglass, and later to Arkansas City. The line was leased and operated by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. The line from Florence to El Dorado was abandoned in 1942. The original branch line connected Florence, Burns, De Graff, El Dorado, Augusta, Douglass, Rock, Akron, Winfield, Arkansas City.
In 1887, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway built a branch line from Neva (3 miles west of Strong City) to Superior, Nebraska. This branch line connected Strong City, Neva, Rockland, Diamond Springs, Burdick, Lost Springs, Jacobs, Hope, Navarre, Enterprise, Abilene, Talmage, Manchester, Longford, Oak Hill, Miltonvale, Aurora, Huscher, Concordia, Kackley, Courtland, Webber, Superior. At some point, the line from Neva to Lost Springs was pulled but the right of way has not been abandoned. This branch line was originally called "Strong City and Superior line" but later the name was shortened to the "Strong City line". The railway is connected via a switch to allow north-bound "Rock Island" traffic to connect onto the north-west-bound "Santa Fe" tracks. This is the only way for the Santa Fe traffic to travel north-west after removing the tracks to Neva.
As early as 1875, city leaders of Marion held a meeting to consider a branch railroad from Florence. In 1878, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and parties from Marion County and McPherson County chartered the Marion and McPherson Railway Company. In 1879, a branch line was built from Florence to McPherson, in 1880 it was extended to Lyons, in 1881 it was extended to Ellinwood. The line was leased and operated by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. The line from Florence to Marion, was abandoned in 1968. In 1992, the line from Marion to McPherson was sold to Central Kansas Railway. In 1993, after heavy flood damage, the line from Marion to McPherson was abandoned. The original branch line connected Florence, Oursler, Marion, Canada, Hillsboro, Lehigh, Canton, Galva, McPherson, Conway, Windom, Little River, Mitchell, Lyons, Chase, Ellinwood.
Rock Island Railroad
In 1887, the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway extended its main line from Herington to Pratt. This main line connected Herington, Ramona, Tampa, Durham, Waldeck, Canton, Galva, McPherson, Groveland, Inman, Medora, Hutchinson, Whiteside, Partridge, Arlington, Langdon, Turon, Preston, Natrona, Pratt. In 1888, this main line was extended to Liberal. Later, this line was extended to Tucumcari, New Mexico and El Paso, Texas. This line is called the "Golden State Limited".
In 1887, the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway built a branch line north-south from Herington to Caldwell. This branch line connected Herington, Lost Springs, Lincolnville, Antelope, Marion, Aulne, Peabody, Elbing, Whitewater, Furley, Kechi, Wichita, Peck, Corbin, Wellington, Caldwell. By 1893, this branch line was incrementally built to Fort Worth, Texas. This line is called the "OKT".
The "Rock Island" has switches in Peabody and Lost Springs to allow connections to the crossing "Santa Fe" railroad in each city.
The Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway was foreclosed in 1891 and was taken over by Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway, which shut down in 1980 and reorganized as Oklahoma, Kansas and Texas Railroad, merged in 1988 with Missouri Pacific Railroad, and finally merged in 1997 with Union Pacific Railroad. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Rock Island".
Marion Belt and Chingawasa Springs Railroad
In 1889, the Marion Belt and Chingawasa Springs Railroad built a 4.5 mile railroad from Marion north-east to Chingawasa Springs. A hotel was built near the site of the spa at Chingawasa Springs, and a depot and eatery as well. Both Santa Fe and Rock Island offered round trip fares from Chicago and western cities to Chingawasa Springs. An economic panic in 1893 closed down the health spa and hotel, and quarry business along the tracks never developed sufficiently. In 1893, the railroad ceased operations, and tracks were removed in 1910.
In 2010, the Keystone-Cushing Pipeline (Phase II) was constructed north to south through Marion County with much controversy over road damage, tax exemption, and environmental concerns (if a leak ever occurs).
Law and government
Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 2004, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 953.54 square miles (2,469.7 km2), of which 943.11 square miles (2,442.6 km2) (or 98.91%) is land and 10.43 square miles (27.0 km2) (or 1.09%) is water.
- Dickinson County (north)
- Morris County (northeast)
- Chase County (east)
- Butler County (southeast)
- Harvey County (southwest)
- McPherson County (west)
- Saline County (northwest)
Historical populations Census Pop. %± 1860 74 — 1870 768 937.8% 1880 12,453 1,521.5% 1890 20,539 64.9% 1900 20,676 0.7% 1910 22,415 8.4% 1920 22,923 2.3% 1930 20,739 −9.5% 1940 18,951 −8.6% 1950 16,307 −14.0% 1960 15,143 −7.1% 1970 13,935 −8.0% 1980 13,522 −3.0% 1990 12,888 −4.7% 2000 13,361 3.7% 2010 12,660 −5.2% U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 13,361 people, 5,114 households, and 3,687 families residing in the county. The population density was 14 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 5,882 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.06% White, 0.47% Black or African American, 0.59% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. 1.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 5,114 households out of which 30.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.80% were married couples living together, 5.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.90% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.80% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 23.50% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 21.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $34,500, and the median income for a family was $41,386. Males had a median income of $30,236 versus $21,119 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,100. About 4.80% of families and 8.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.50% of those under age 18 and 9.70% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
Name and population (2010):
- Hillsboro, 2993
- Marion, 1927
- Peabody, 1210
- Goessel, 539
- Florence, 465
- Burns, 228
- Lincolnville, 203
- Lehigh, 175
- Durham, 112
- Tampa, 112
- Ramona, 87
- Lost Springs, 70
Ghost towns and defunct settlements
Marion County contained some oil boom towns and cattle loading pens at railroads that have since been abandoned.
- Watchorn, oil town, 5 miles east of Peabody.
Marion County is divided into twenty-four townships. The cities of Florence, Hillsboro, and Marion are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.
Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau. Township FIPS Population
/km² (/sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates Blaine 07125 212 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.33% Catlin 11075 180 2 (5) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.05% Centre 11825 535 4 (11) 128 (49) 0 (0) 0.26% Clark 13500 149 2 (4) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.42% Clear Creek 13750 592 3 (8) 196 (76) 0 (0) 0.06% Colfax 14800 218 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.01% Doyle 18550 75 1 (2) 98 (38) 0 (0) 0.08% Durham Park 19100 230 3 (7) 90 (35) 3 (1) 2.70% East Branch 19325 188 2 (5) 92 (35) 0 (0) 0 % Fairplay 22350 121 1 (3) 116 (45) 0 (0) 0.04% Gale 25075 220 3 (8) 67 (26) 21 (8) 23.70% Grant 27775 128 1 (2) 174 (67) 0 (0) 0.08% Lehigh 39250 370 4 (10) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0 % Liberty 40225 327 4 (9) 92 (35) 0 (0) 0 % Logan 41950 127 1 (4) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.07% Lost Springs 42850 201 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.01% Menno 45800 317 3 (9) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.12% Milton 46900 348 4 (12) 78 (30) 0 (0) 0.03% Moore 48100 65 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% Peabody 55125 1,544 16 (42) 95 (37) 0 (0) 0.23% Risley 60000 241 3 (7) 89 (34) 1 (0) 1.36% Summit 69100 82 1 (2) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.51% West Branch 76775 1,024 11 (29) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.01% Wilson 79750 232 2 (6) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0 %
Unified school districts
- USD 397, Centre
- USD 398, Peabody-Burns
- USD 408, Marion
- USD 410, Hillsboro
- USD 411, Goessel
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Marion County, Kansas
- Public Land Survey System
- Chisholm Trail
- Santa Fe Trail
Information on this and other counties in Kansas
- List of counties in Kansas
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Kansas
- Kansas locations by per capita income
Other information for Kansas
- List of cities in Kansas
- List of unified school districts in Kansas
- List of colleges and universities in Kansas
- ^ "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_PL_GCTPL2.ST05&prodType=table. Retrieved March 28, 2011.
- ^ Francis Marion
- ^ 1806 Pike Expedition map through Marion County.
- ^ a b Kansas: a cyclopedia of state history, embracing events, institutions, industries, counties, cities, towns, prominent persons, etc; Published 1912
- ^ Kansas State Historical Society - Marion County
- ^ Santa Fe Rail History
- ^ Kansas Heritage Server - Railroads In Kansas
- ^ a b Marion County Kansas : Past and Present; Sondra Van Meter; MB Publishing House; LCCN 72-92041; 344 pages; 1972.
- ^ Railway Abandonment 1942
- ^ Fourth Annual Report of the Board of Railroad Commissioners for the Year Ending December 1, 1886 in State of Kansas; Kansas Publishing House; 1886.
- ^ Railway Abandonment 1968
- ^ a b Rock Island Rail History
- ^ The Marion Belt and Chingawasa Springs Railroad - 117 Year Old Passenger Car Exists Today
- ^ Chingawasa Springs (1 of 2)
- ^ Keystone Pipeline - Marion County Commission calls out Legislative Leadership on Pipeline Deal; April 18, 2010.
- ^ Keystone Pipeline - TransCanada inspecting pipeline; December 10, 2010.
- ^ County and Keystone settle on road damages; Hillsboro Free Press; November 2, 2010.
- ^ Keystone Pipeline - County ask TransCanada for pipeline emergency plan; Hillsboro Free Press; February 15, 2011.
- ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. http://www.ksrevenue.org/abcwetdrymap.htm. Retrieved 2007-12-26.
- ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. http://www.census.gov/tiger/tms/gazetteer/county2k.txt. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- ^ Flint Hills Tourism Coalition
- ^ Flint Hills Introduction; Kansas Geological Survey
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Marion County Kansas : Past and Present; Sondra Van Meter; MB Publishing House in Hillsboro, KS; LCCN 72-92041; 344 pages; 1972.
- The Early Schools of Marion County Kansas; Wilma Stewart Stallwitz; Located at Peabody Township Library; 33 pages; November 11, 1960.
- World War Roll of Honor : Marion County Kansas 1917-1920; Mrs Alexander and Mrs Dean of Marion, Kansas; 221 pages; 1920. (Downlaod 11MB PDF eBook)
- Standard Atlas of Marion County Kansas; Geo A. Ogle & Co; 103 pages; 1902. (Online HTML eBook)
- Marion County Auto Tour of the Santa Fe Trail; 2 pages. (Download 1MB PDF Flyer)
- Wikipedia : The Marion County Kansas Collection; 2nd Edition; Wikipedia; 410 pages; September 4, 2011. (Download 64MB PDF eBook)
- History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
- Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook), (Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)
- The Story of the Marking of the Santa Fe Trail by the Daughters of the American Revolution in Kansas and the State of Kansas; Almira Cordry; Crane Co; 164 pages; 1915. (Download 4MB PDF eBook)
- The National Old Trails Road To Southern California, Part 1 (LA to KC); Automobile Club Of Southern California; 64 pages; 1916. (Download 6.8MB PDF eBook)
- Marion County - Official Website
- Marion County - Directory of Public Officials
- Marion County - Economic Development Council
- Marion County - Information, Skyways
- Pioneer trails
- Detailed map of Santa Fe Trail
- Marion County History Bibliography
- Marion County Schools Bibliography
- History of Early Marion County Newspapers, 1916
- Marion County Map, KDOT
- Kansas Highway Map, KDOT
- Kansas Railroad Map, KDOT
- Kansas School District Boundary Map, KSDE
- Marion County School District Boundary Map, U.S. Census Bureau
Saline County Dickinson County Morris County McPherson County Chase County Marion County, Kansas Harvey County Butler County Butler County Municipalities and communities of Marion County, Kansas Cities Townships
Blaine | Catlin | Centre | Clark | Clear Creek | Colfax | Doyle | Durham Park | East Branch | Fairplay | Gale | Grant | Lehigh | Liberty | Logan | Lost Springs | Menno | Milton | Moore | Peabody | Risley | Summit | West Branch | Wilson
Antelope | Aulne | Canada | Eastshore | Pilsen
Gnadenau | Horners | Oursler | Waldeck | Watchorn
‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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