Brown County, Kansas


Brown County, Kansas

Infobox U.S. County
county=Brown County
state=Kansas



founded=August 25, 1855
seat wl=Hiawatha
area_total_km2=1482|area_total_sq_mi=572
area_land_km2=1478|area_land_sq_mi=571
area_water_km2=4|area_water_sq_mi=2
area percentage=0.27%
census estimate yr=2006
pop=10236
density_km2=6.9|density_sq_mi=17.9
time zone=Central
UTC offset=-6
DST offset=-5
web=www.brown.kansasgov.com
named for=Albert Gallatin Brown

Brown County (county code BR) is a county located in Northeast Kansas, in the Central United States. The population was 10,724 at the 2000 census, and it was estimated to be formatnum:LookupUSEstPop|20013|EST in the year LookupUSEstPop|20013|EYR. Its county seat and most populous city is Hiawatha.

Law and government

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 2000, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink without a food sales requirement. [Cite web| url=http://www.ksrevenue.org/abcwetdrymap.htm| title=Map of Wet and Dry Counties| publisher=Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue| month=November | year=2006| accessdate=2007-12-28]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 572 square miles (1,482 km²), of which 571 square miles (1,478 km²) is land and 2 square miles (4 km²), or 0.27%, is water.GR|2 The Wolf River has its source in the county. [DeLorme (2003). "Kansas Atlas & Gazetteer". p. 26. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-342-7.] Brown State Fishing Lake, formerly known as "Brown County State Park" is in the county, 8 miles (13 km) east of Hiawatha.

Adjacent counties

*Richardson County, Nebraska (north)
*Donphan County (east)
*Atchinson County (southeast)
*Jackson County (southwest)
*Nemaha County (west)

Major highways

Sources: National Atlas [ [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/ National Atlas] ] , U.S. Census Bureau [ [http://www.census.gov/geo/www/tiger U.S. Census Bureau TIGER shape files] ]
* U.S. Route 36
* U.S. Route 73
* U.S. Route 75
* U.S. Route 159
* Kansas Highway 20
* Kansas Highway 246

Demographics

Brown County's population was estimated to be formatnum:LookupUSEstPop|20013|EST in the year LookupUSEstPop|20013|EYR, LookupUSEstPop|20013|TXT.Cite web| url=http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.php| title=Population Estimates| publisher=U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division| Annual estimates of the population to 20013|EDT. Released 20013|RDT. Population change is from 20013|IDT to 20013|EDT.]

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,GR|2 there were 10,724 people, 4,318 households, and 2,949 families residing in the county. The population density was 19 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 4,815 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 86.87% White, 1.56% Black or African American, 8.82% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from other races, and 1.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.32% of the population.

There were 4,318 households out of which 31.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.80% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.70% were non-families. 28.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.40% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 24.00% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 19.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,971, and the median income for a family was $39,525. Males had a median income of $29,163 versus $19,829 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,163. About 10.60% of families and 12.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.40% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Incorporated cities

Name and population (LookupUSEstPop|2031675|EYR estimate):Cite web| url=http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.php| title=Population Estimates| publisher=U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division| Annual estimates of the population to 2031675|EDT. Released 2031675|RDT.]
*Hiawatha, formatnum:LookupUSEstPop|2031675|EST (county seat)
*Sabetha, formatnum:LookupUSEstPop|2062025|EST, of which only a small portion lies in the county, the majority of the area and population being in Nemaha County.
*Horton, formatnum:LookupUSEstPop|2033200|EST
*Everest, formatnum:LookupUSEstPop|2022025|EST
*Fairview, formatnum:LookupUSEstPop|2022425|EST
*Morrill, formatnum:LookupUSEstPop|2048300|EST
*Robinson, formatnum:LookupUSEstPop|2060325|EST
*Reserve, formatnum:LookupUSEstPop|2059050|EST
*Powhattan, formatnum:LookupUSEstPop|2057350|EST
*Willis, formatnum:LookupUSEstPop|2079400|EST
*Hamlin, formatnum:LookupUSEstPop|2029700|EST

Unincorporated places

*Baker
*Mercier
*Padonia

Townships

Brown County is divided into ten townships. The cities of Hiawatha, Horton, and Sabetha are considered "governmentally independent" and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Education

Unified school districts

* Hiawatha USD 415
* Brown County USD 430

ee also

References

External links

Official sites
* [http://www.brown.kansasgov.com/ Brown County]

Additional information
* [http://skyways.lib.ks.us/counties/BR/ Blue Skyways - Brown County]
* [http://www.ku.edu/pri/ksdata/county.shtml Kansas Statistical Abstract]


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Look at other dictionaries:

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