McPherson County, Kansas


McPherson County, Kansas
McPherson County, Kansas
McPherson County Courthouse.jpg
McPherson County Courthouse in McPherson
Map of Kansas highlighting McPherson County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 26, 1867
Seat McPherson
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

901.24 sq mi (2,334 km²)
899.71 sq mi (2,330 km²)
1.52 sq mi (4 km²), 0.17%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

29,180
32.8/sq mi (12.7/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website McPhersonCountyKS.us

McPherson County (standard abbreviation: MP) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 29,180.[1] The largest city and county seat is McPherson. The county is named for Civil War General James B. McPherson. The McPherson Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of McPherson County.

Contents

History

19th century

As early as 1875, city leaders of Marion held a meeting to consider a branch railroad from Florence. In 1878, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and parties from Marion County and McPherson County chartered the Marion and McPherson Railway Company.[2] In 1879, a branch line was built from Florence to McPherson, in 1880 it was extended to Lyons, in 1881 it was extended to Ellinwood.[3] The line was leased and operated by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. The line from Florence to Marion, was abandoned in 1968.[4] In 1992, the line from Marion to McPherson was sold to Central Kansas Railway. In 1993, after heavy flood damage, the line from Marion to McPherson was abandoned. The original branch line connected Florence, Marion, Canada, Hillsboro, Lehigh, Canton, Galva, McPherson, Conway, Windom, Little River, Mitchell, Lyons, Chase, Ellinwood.

In 1887, the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway extended its main line from Herington to Pratt.[5] This main line connected Herington, Ramona, Tampa, Durham, Waldeck, Canton, Galva, McPherson, Groveland, Inman, Medora, Hutchinson, Whiteside, Partridge, Arlington, Langdon, Turon, Preston, Natrona, Pratt. In 1888, this main line was extended to Liberal. Later, this line was extended to Tucumcari, New Mexico and El Paso, Texas. This line is called the "Golden State Limited".

20th century

The National Old Trails Road, also known as the Ocean-to-Ocean Highway, was established in 1912, and was routed through Windom, Conway, McPherson.

Law and government

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 1996, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[6]

Geography

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 901.24 square miles (2,334.2 km2), of which 899.71 square miles (2,330.2 km2) (or 99.83%) is land and 1.52 square miles (3.9 km2) (or 0.17%) is water.[7]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1900 21,421
1910 21,521 0.5%
1920 21,845 1.5%
1930 23,588 8.0%
1940 24,152 2.4%
1950 23,670 −2.0%
1960 24,285 2.6%
1970 24,778 2.0%
1980 26,855 8.4%
1990 27,268 1.5%
2000 29,554 8.4%
2010 29,180 −1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
Age pyramid
2005 KDOT Map of McPherson County (map legend)

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 29,554 people, 11,205 households, and 7,966 families residing in the county. The population density was 33 people per square mile (13/km²). There were 11,830 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.53% White, 0.81% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.79% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. 1.94% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 37.1% were of German, 12.9% Swedish, 12.1% American, 6.7% English and 6.3% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 11,205 households out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.50% were married couples living together, 6.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.90% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, and 17.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,138, and the median income for a family was $48,243. Males had a median income of $33,530 versus $21,175 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,921. About 4.20% of families and 6.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.20% of those under age 18 and 8.10% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Incorporated cities

Name and population (2010):

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

  • Battle Hill
  • Christian
  • Doles Park
  • Elivon
  • King City

Townships

McPherson County is divided into twenty-five townships. The cities of Lindsborg and McPherson are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Battle Hill 04550 91 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.33% 38°29′2″N 97°25′22″W / 38.48389°N 97.42278°W / 38.48389; -97.42278
Bonaville 07925 66 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.34% 38°32′57″N 97°30′34″W / 38.54917°N 97.50944°W / 38.54917; -97.50944
Canton 10500 1,090 12 (30) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 38°23′21″N 97°25′36″W / 38.38917°N 97.42667°W / 38.38917; -97.42667
Castle 10950 225 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.12% 38°23′9″N 97°52′44″W / 38.38583°N 97.87889°W / 38.38583; -97.87889
Delmore 17575 138 1 (4) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.15% 38°28′43″N 97°33′17″W / 38.47861°N 97.55472°W / 38.47861; -97.55472
Empire 21200 1,178 13 (33) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0 % 38°23′12″N 97°32′7″W / 38.38667°N 97.53528°W / 38.38667; -97.53528
Groveland 29150 234 2 (6) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.12% 38°17′55″N 97°44′37″W / 38.29861°N 97.74361°W / 38.29861; -97.74361
Gypsum Creek 29325 215 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.11% 38°33′32″N 97°26′12″W / 38.55889°N 97.43667°W / 38.55889; -97.43667
Harper 30225 137 1 (4) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.17% 38°28′55″N 97°45′50″W / 38.48194°N 97.76389°W / 38.48194; -97.76389
Hayes 30950 287 3 (8) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0 % 38°17′55″N 97°52′54″W / 38.29861°N 97.88167°W / 38.29861; -97.88167
Jackson 34850 198 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.49% 38°22′33″N 97°46′48″W / 38.37583°N 97.78°W / 38.37583; -97.78
King City 36900 544 6 (15) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.13% 38°18′51″N 97°39′8″W / 38.31417°N 97.65222°W / 38.31417; -97.65222
Little Valley 41600 475 5 (13) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 38°13′38″N 97°52′32″W / 38.22722°N 97.87556°W / 38.22722; -97.87556
Lone Tree 42525 486 5 (13) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0 % 38°17′37″N 97°32′48″W / 38.29361°N 97.54667°W / 38.29361; -97.54667
McPherson 43975 618 8 (21) 77 (30) 0 (0) 0.23% 38°23′24″N 97°38′57″W / 38.39°N 97.64917°W / 38.39; -97.64917
Marquette 44950 776 8 (22) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.16% 38°33′9″N 97°51′30″W / 38.5525°N 97.85833°W / 38.5525; -97.85833
Meridian 45975 341 4 (9) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0 % 38°12′43″N 97°26′8″W / 38.21194°N 97.43556°W / 38.21194; -97.43556
Mound 48675 2,104 23 (59) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.17% 38°12′24″N 97°31′22″W / 38.20667°N 97.52278°W / 38.20667; -97.52278
New Gottland 50350 354 4 (10) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.38% 38°28′29″N 97°38′21″W / 38.47472°N 97.63917°W / 38.47472; -97.63917
Smoky Hill 66025 297 3 (9) 89 (34) 0 (0) 0.05% 38°34′35″N 97°38′59″W / 38.57639°N 97.64972°W / 38.57639; -97.64972
South Sharps Creek 67000 112 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.18% 38°28′21″N 97°52′11″W / 38.4725°N 97.86972°W / 38.4725; -97.86972
Spring Valley 67750 373 4 (10) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% 38°18′2″N 97°25′21″W / 38.30056°N 97.4225°W / 38.30056; -97.4225
Superior 69475 1,640 18 (46) 92 (36) 1 (0) 0.72% 38°13′28″N 97°46′1″W / 38.22444°N 97.76694°W / 38.22444; -97.76694
Turkey Creek 71700 294 3 (8) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0 % 38°13′10″N 97°38′23″W / 38.21944°N 97.63972°W / 38.21944; -97.63972
Union 72225 190 2 (5) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.20% 38°33′12″N 97°44′59″W / 38.55333°N 97.74972°W / 38.55333; -97.74972

Education

Windom, Kansas in McPherson County during the early 20th century

Unified school districts

District Office In Neighboring County

Colleges

Museums

See also

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

References

Further reading

Kansas
USA

External links

County
Maps




Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • McPherson County (Kansas) — McPherson County Courthouse in McPherson, gelistet im NRHP Nr. 76002264[1] Verwaltung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in McPherson County, Kansas — Location of McPherson County in Kansas This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in McPherson County, Kansas. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic… …   Wikipedia

  • McPherson County Courthouse — U.S. National Register of Historic Places …   Wikipedia

  • McPherson County — is the name of several counties in the United States: McPherson County, Kansas McPherson County, Nebraska McPherson County, South Dakota This disambiguation page lists articles about distinct geographical locations with the same name. If an …   Wikipedia

  • McPherson County — Es gibt in den Vereinigten Staaten drei Countys mit dem Namen McPherson County: McPherson County (Kansas) McPherson County (Nebraska) McPherson County (South Dakota) Diese Seite ist eine Be …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • McPherson County Courthouse — bezeichnet mehrere gleichnamige, im NRHP gelistete, Objekte: McPherson County Courthouse (Kansas), ID Nr. 76002264 McPherson County Courthouse (Nebraska), ID Nr. 90000970 McPherson County Courthouse (South Dakota), ID Nr. 86003020 Diese Seite …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • McPherson Township, Sherman County, Kansas — Cities and townships in Sherman County McPherson Township is one of the thirteen townships of Sherman County, Kansas, United States. The population was 52 at the 2000 census …   Wikipedia

  • Marion County, Kansas — For counties with a similar name, see Marion County (disambiguation). Marion County, Kansas Marion County Courthouse in Marion …   Wikipedia

  • Dickinson County, Kansas — Dickinson County Courthouse in Abilene …   Wikipedia

  • Dickinson County (Kansas) — Verwaltung US Bundesstaat: Kansas Verwaltungssitz: Abilene Adresse des Verwaltungssitzes: County Courthouse 1st Buckeye Streets Abilene, KS 67410 Gründung: 20. Februar …   Deutsch Wikipedia