- Junction City, Kansas
official_name = Junction City, Kansas
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Junction City, Kansas
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Geary
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 19.7
area_land_km2 = 19.6
area_water_km2 = 0.1
area_total_sq_mi = 7.6
area_land_sq_mi = 7.6
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 18886
population_density_km2 = 965.6
population_density_sq_mi = 2500.8
timezone = Central (CST)
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
elevation_m = 336
elevation_ft = 1102
latd = 39 |latm = 1 |lats = 39 |latNS = N
longd = 96 |longm = 50 |longs = 25 |longEW = W
Junction City is part of the
Manhattan, KansasMicropolitan Statistical Area.
Junction City is located at coor dms|39|1|39|N|96|50|25|W|city (39.027519, -96.840351)GR|1.
Junction City is located where the junction of the Smoky Hill and Republican rivers forms the
Kansas River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.6 square miles (19.7 km²), of which, 7.6 square miles (19.6 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.53%) is water.
Over the course of a year, temperatures range from an average low of about convert|15|°F|°C|abbr=on in January to an average high of convert|90|°F|°C|abbr=on in July. The maximum temperature reaches convert|90|°F|°C|abbr=on an average of 47 days per year and reaches convert|100|°F|°C|abbr=on an average of 7 days per year. The minimum temperature falls below the freezing point (32 °F) an average of 126 days per year. Typically the first fall freeze occurs during the month of October, and the last spring freeze occurs during the month of April.
The area receives over convert|32|in|mm of precipitation during an average year with the largest share being received during May, June, and July—with a combined 29 days of measurable precipitation. During a typical year the total amount of precipitation may be anywhere from 23 to convert|43|in|mm. There are on average 86 days of measurable precipitation per year. Winter snowfall averages less than convert|14|in|mm, but the median is just over convert|7|in|mm. Measurable snowfall occurs an average of 6 days per year with at least an inch of snow being received on four of those days. Snow depth of at least an inch occurs an average of 17 days per year.
Mick Wunder is Junction City's mayor. Terry Heldstab and Jack Taylor used to be the mayor.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 18,886 people, 7,492 households, and 5,079 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 2,500.8 people per square mile (965.8/km²). There were 8,740 housing units at an average density of 1,157.3/sq mi (447.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 58.38% White, 26.69% African American, 0.82% Native American, 3.83% Asian, 0.39% Pacific Islander, 4.01% from other races, and 5.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.31% of the population.
Of the 3.83% Asian, 1.84% are of
Korean descent. This is significantly higher than the surrounding area.
There were 7,492 households out of which 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the city the population was spread out with 28.2% under the age of 18, 13.4% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,084, and the median income for a family was $35,093. Males had a median income of $25,695 versus $20,846 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $16,581. About 11.2% of families and 14.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.4% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those age 65 or over.
Part of the reason for the population decline was because the Army took away the 1st Infantry Division from nearby Fort Riley. It has been brought back there so the population is growing now.
As of recently, the city has been experiencing a major growth due to the return of the 1st Infantry Division to Fort Riley. Several thousand housing units are currently under construction or completed within numerous new subdivisions. There are also plans for a convert|300|acre|km2|1|sing=on shopping, dining, and sports complex along Interstate 70 on the southern end of town. This area will be known as Smoky Hill Marketplace and will consist of convert|600000|sqft|m2|-4 of retail space, several restaurants, a 4000-seat arena, 13 multipurpose fields, and several baseball diamonds. The name for this area was decided due to its location just on the other side of the Smoky Hill River from town. In addition, several major technology and call centers have plans for major offices within the city limits.
As of early 2008, the Smokey Hill Project is on hold and is likely to never come to life.
Timothy McVeigh was in Junction City when he planned the attack on the federal building in Oklahoma City. He rented the truck that was used to blow up the building. McVeigh was executed for doing this.
According to the City of Junction City's Mayor's Task Force on Housing:
Homes available for occupancy (new) 79Homes under construction (new) 258 Homes permitted single family (07) 365Two unit building permitted (07) 70 = 140 living units Three & Four Unit Building permitted (07) 51 = 201 living unitsFive or More Unit Building permitted (07) 16 = 308 living unitsHomes permitted single family (08) 33Three & Four Unit Building permitted (08) 1 = 4 living units
We have 2,211 single family lots available for constructionThere 12 duplex lots available for construction
The number of 1,646 includes all the rental units that we could find information from. That is the total units less the 5% for vacancy or 82 or less units that could be vacantThere are approximately 1,093 units that are being built or in the planning stages and will start soon.Total possible rental units would than be 2,739Rental rates range from a 1-bedroom for $390.00 to a 3-bedroom for $1,475.00 per monthWe were unable to get the property managers to give us a breakdown as to what are mobile homes,single family homes and or apartments.
New homes vs. homes in established neighborhoods
There are a total of 438 homes on the market There are 79 new homes ready to move intoThere are 258 new homes under constructionThat leaves 101 homes that are for sale in other neighborhoods
* [http://www.jcks.com/ Website of Junction City, KS]
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