Solihull


Solihull

Coordinates: 52°24′46″N 1°46′20″W / 52.412903°N 1.772094°W / 52.412903; -1.772094

Solihull
Solihull High Street.jpg
Solihull High Street
Solihull is located in West Midlands (county)
Solihull

 Solihull shown within the West Midlands
Population 94,753 (2001 Census)
OS grid reference SP1579
    - London  113 mi (182 km) 
Metropolitan borough Solihull
Metropolitan county West Midlands
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SOLIHULL
Postcode district B36, B37, B40, B90, B91, B92, B93, B95
Dialling code 0121
Police West Midlands
Fire West Midlands
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament Solihull
List of places: UK • England • West Midlands

Solihull (pronounced /ˈsɒlɨhʌl/ or /ˈsoʊliːhʌl/) is a town in the West Midlands of England with a population of 94,753.[1] It is a part of the West Midlands conurbation and is located 9 miles (14.5 km) southeast of Birmingham city centre. It is the largest town in, and administrative centre of, the larger Metropolitan Borough of Solihull, which itself has a population of 200,400.

Historically part of Warwickshire, Solihull is one of the most prosperous towns in the English Midlands.[2] Residents of Solihull and those born in the town are referred to as Silhillians The motto of Solihull is Urbs in Rure (Town in Country)

Contents

History

Toponymy

Solihull is "commonly thought" to have derived its name from the position of St Alphege parish church – on a “soily” hill.[3] The church was built on a hill of stiff red marl, which turned to sticky mud in wet weather.

Early history

The town has existed since medieval times when it was founded as a market town and it later became an important coaching and mail coach stop. Solihull probably came into being about a thousand years ago, as a clearing in the forest to which people would come to trade. The town is noted for its historic architecture, which includes surviving examples of timber framed Tudor style houses and shops. The historic Solihull School dates from 1560 (although not on its present site). The red sandstone parish church of St. Alphege dates from a similar period and is a large and handsome example of classical British church architecture, with a traditional spire 168 feet (51 metres) high, making it visible from a great distance. It is located at the head of High Street and is a Grade I listed building.[4] It was founded in about 1220 by Hugh de Oddingsell. A chantry chapel was also founded there by Sir William de Oddingsell in 1277 and the upper chapel in St Alphege was built for a chantry. The priest lived and had his sacristy in a crypt chapel underneath, and the fireplace can still be seen there.

20th century

St. Alphege's Church, Solihull

Unlike nearby Birmingham, the Industrial Revolution largely passed Solihull by and until the 20th century Solihull remained a small market town. World War II also nearly passed Solihull by. Neighbouring Coventry and Birmingham were severely damaged by repeated German bombing raids but apart from some attacks on what is now the Land Rover plant, the airport and the local railway lines, Solihull escaped largely intact.

In 1901, the population of the town was just 7,500. However, by the 1960s, the population had grown to over 100,000. This growth was due to a number of factors including a large slum clearance programme in Birmingham, the development of the Rover car plant, the expansion of what was then Elmdon Airport into Birmingham International Airport and, perhaps most significantly, the release of large tracts of land for housing development attracting inward migration of new residents from across the UK.

Until the early 1960s, the main high street remained much as it would have been in the late 19th century with several streets of Victorian terraced houses linking High Street with Warwick Road. The construction of the central shopping area known as Mell Square (named after W. Maurice Mell, the town clerk who planned the work) involved the demolition of properties in Mill Lane and Drury Lane, some of which were several hundred years old, together with that of the large Victorian Congregational Church that had stood on the corner of Union Street and Warwick Road. On the right along High Street from St Alphege's Church porch is one of the town's oldest landmarks, the George, which dates from the 16th century. It is now called the Ramada Jarvis Hotel. On the opposite side of High Street is the Manor House which dates from about 1495.[citation needed]

Governance

Due to its growth, Solihull was promoted from an urban district to a municipal borough, the honour being bestowed by Princess Margaret.

In 1964, Solihull became a county borough and on this occasion the Queen bestowed the honour. In 1974, the Solihull county borough was merged with the rural district surrounding Meriden to form the Metropolitan Borough of Solihull. This also includes the districts known as Shirley, Knowle, Dorridge, Balsall Common, Castle Bromwich and Chelmsley Wood. At this time it also moved from the county of Warwickshire to the West Midlands.

Wards

There are 17 wards in Solihull;[5] Shirley West, Blythe, Shirley South, Meriden, Elmdon, Lyndon, Smith's Wood, Chelmsley Wood, Dorridge and Hockley Heath, Olton, St. Alphege, Shirley East, Silhill, Kingshurst, Fordbridge, Castle Bromwich, Knowle and Bickenhill.[6] Each ward is represented by three councillors at Solihull Metropolitan Borough Council, of which there are a total of 51 councillors.[5] The mayor is elected by the Council and is currently (2010) Norman Davies of the Liberal Democrats, representing Olton.[7]

Council structure

Solihull Metropolitan Borough Council run the services in Solihull through seven directorates: Strategic Services, Customer Services, Resources, Community Services, Education and Children's Services, Public Health and Protection, Adult Social Services. At the annual meeting, the council appoints a leader of the council. The leader then appoints a cabinet which currently consists of eight members. An overview and scrutiny management board as well as five scrutiny boards have been set up by the council.[8]

Geography

Solihull may be considered to be a dormitory town for neighbouring Birmingham, although many Silhillians now work within the town and many commute daily to towns and cities outside the Birmingham conurbation. Despite the common misconception, Solihull is not part of Birmingham.

Education

Solihull has no universities, but there are five universities within 16 miles of the town; three in Birmingham and two in Coventry. However, Solihull College, formerly known as the Solihull College of Technology, offers several foundation degree and full degree courses, particularly in technical subject areas such as computer sciences and engineering.

There is also a sixth form college located on the outskirts of the town centre. This is known as the Sixth Form College, Solihull and is where students, mainly between the ages of sixteen and eighteen, complete their secondary education.

Solihull School is an independent school and is located on Warwick Road near the centre of the town. It was founded in 1560 and celebrated its 450th anniversary in 2010.

Saint Martin's, an independent school for girls aged 2¾ to 18, is located in the historic Malvern Hall in Brueton Avenue. St. Martin's obtained the best GCSE and A-Level results in the borough for 2009. St. Martin's young enterprise company 'Smart' was awarded best overall young enterprise company at both the Solihull area awards and the Birmingham & Solihull Strategic Final held in May 2010. Smart will now go onto represent Birmingham & Solihull in the West Midlands Regional Final 2010.

Solihull was the first council in the country to have their 'Wave 1' proposal of the Building Schools for the Future investment programme approved. They were awarded over £80 million to transform six schools in the north of the borough in December 2004. As a result of the funding, there will be six new schools constructed within seven years. The school curriculum will be redesigned as well as a further £6 million investment in managed ICT services. The six schools to be rebuilt are Park Hall, Smith's Wood, Archbishop Grimshaw, Lanchester Special School and Forest Oak and Merstone special schools. Forest Oak and Merstone have been already rebuilt on one site. Lanchester, Park Hall and Smith's Wood have been built by BAM PPP, under 'Private Finance Initiative'. Archbishop Grimshaw has been built by BAM PPP under a traditional contract.[9]

Transport

The Manor House, Solihull

A number of main roads pass through Solihull including the A41 Birmingham to Warwick road and the A34 Birmingham to Stratford road. The M42 and the M40 both pass through Solihull and provide very rapid links to Oxford and London and to the rest of the motorway network surrounding the West Midlands. Birmingham International Airport (BHX) is located in Solihull.

Solihull railway station is on the former Great Western Railway line from Birmingham Snow Hill station to London Paddington although trains now run along the Chiltern Main Line terminating at London Marylebone. Solihull railway station was first built on a very grand scale, with 2 island platforms complete with nearly full length canopies, and a large goods yard, boasting space for some 200+ waggons; the yard was equipped with a loading dock, goods shed and large crane. Solihull was also rare in being only one of a handful of stations in the area to have a goods relief line.

When Dr Beeching completed his dossier for British Railways the station, along with many others, had the slow lines and goods yard (plus relief line) closed; the latter's area is now the car park buildings close by, including the fire station. The platform for the slow lines had the buildings demolished and the stairway bricked up.

Other railway links are provided on the West Coast Main Line, as Birmingham International railway station lies within the borough's boundaries and offers frequent express connections to London. Express train services through Solihull are now run by Chiltern Railways and local services by London Midland. Local people are represented by the Solihull and Leamington Rail Users' Association.

The Grand Union Canal passes across Solihull, coming within a mile of the town centre and linking the town to the River Thames in London.

Local bus services are provided largely by National Express West Midlands from their Acocks Green depot in southeast Birmingham.

Housing

Residential development in Solihull comprises a variety of housing types, but features a notable preponderance of semi-detached, detached and town houses, with little or no true terraces. Many of the larger developments were constructed between 1950 and 1970. One of the earlier large scale developments centred around Beechwood Park Road and Stonor Park Road with new detached houses selling for £4,000 in 1952. Chelmsley Wood to the north of Solihull town centre is a large 1960s overspill estate for Birmingham, and is currently marketed under the name of "North Solihull". In the early to mid-1980s, the new Monkspath district constructed east of Shirley (and close to the M42 motorway) was the UK's single largest housing development of that decade.

Economy

Solihull offers a variety of shopping facilities. It has an open-air 1960s-style shopping centre called Mell Square which was constructed following the demolition of several terraces of Victorian houses and the original Solihull Congregational Church. In recent years, the town has undergone much development, and High Street has been pedestrianised since 1994. On July 2, 2002, a large new shopping centre, Touchwood, was opened by the Queen.

Solihull is the home of the four-wheel-drive car manufacturer Land Rover's main production plant and a range of other major companies. The suburb of Meriden was the famous home of the Triumph motorbike factory from 1942-1983. The former home of retail bakers Three Cooks, after it was brought out of administration in 2006, the new company Cooks the Bakery retains its HQ in Solihull.

The National Exhibition Centre, commonly thought to be in Birmingham, is in fact within the borough of Solihull, as is almost all of Birmingham Airport and the ever-expanding Birmingham Business Park.

Communal facilities

Parks and Local Nature Reserves

The Lake, Brueton Park, Solihull.

Solihull has a number of parks and Local Nature Reserves, including for:

  • Alcott Wood in Moorend Avenue, Chelmsley Wood; 5.7 hectares (14 acres) of semi natural ancient woodland, designated in 2002.[10]
  • Babbs Mill in Fordbridge Road, Kingshurst; 24 hectares (59 acres) of mixed grassland, lake and woodland habitats, designated in 2000.[10]
  • Bills Wood, in Bill's Lane, Shirley; 7 hectares (17 acres) of semi natural ancient woodland, designated in 1991.[10]
  • Dorridge Wood, in Arden Road, Dorridge; 7.5 hectares (19 acres) of semi natural woodland, designated in 2000.[10]
  • Elmdon Park, at Elmdon Manor, Solihull; 4.6 hectares (11 acres) of former walled garden, managed by Warwickshire Wildlife Trust, designated in 1995.[10]
  • Jobs Close in Longdon Road, Knowle; 3.5 hectares (8.6 acres) of grassland and woodland with pond, designated in 2004.[10]
  • Palmers Rough, in Jacey Road, Shirley; 6.5 hectares (16 acres) of semi natural woodland, designated in 2000.[10]
  • Malvern & Brueton Park in Old Warwick Road, Solihull; 30 hectares (74 acres) of mixed grassland, woodland and marsh, designated in 2002.[10]
  • Millisons Wood, in Albert Road, Meriden; 11 hectares (27 acres) of semi natural ancient woodland, designated in 1993.[10]
  • Smiths Wood in Windward Way, Smiths Wood; 4.5 hectares (11 acres) of semi natural ancient woodland, designated in 2004.[10]
  • Yorks Wood, in Fordbridge Road, Kingshurst; 10 hectares (25 acres) of semi natural ancient woodland, designated in 1991.[10]

Other parks include Tudor Grange Park, Elmdon Park, Hillfield Park, Cole Bank Park, Knowle Park and Shirley Park. The nearest parks to the town centre are Malvern and Brueton Parks. They are interlinked and cover a total area of about 130 acres (0.53 km2). Brueton Park used to be part of the grounds of Malvern Hall, which dates back to about 1690. It is home now to St Martin's Independent School for Girls.

The River Blythe, a headwater tributary of the River Trent, passes through parts of Solihull including Malvern and Tudor Grange Parks.

Leisure

Solihull has numerous leisure facilities including a public swimming pool on the edge of Tudor Grange Park. This pool replaced the old Tudor Grange Sports Centre, which was demolished in 2007, to make way for the brand new leisure centre (A combination of the old Norman Green Athletics Centre and Tudor Grange Sports Centre). These centres stood on the existing site since 1960s when they replaced the old outdoor pool. At present there are two sports centres, the more modern Tudor Grange Sports Centre, and the older North Solihull Sports Centre. There is also an outdoor wooden skateboarding and in-line skating facility in Tudor Grange Park. Sailing takes place on Olton Reservoir.

The borough is well served by numerous youth groups, both from the statutory and voluntary sector. There are several Scout groups including Knowle Sea Scout Group which is based in the south of Solihull and is sponsored by the Royal Navy providing a wide programme of activities for young people from all over Solihull aged from 6 to 18. The recently refurbished ice rink on Hobs Moat Road is home to Solihull's ice hockey teams, the Solihull Barons, Solihull Vikings, a junior ice hockey team, the Mohawks ice racing club, as well as ice dance and figure skating clubs. Above the ice rink is a Riley's snooker club.

There are also active three very active Round Table (club) in the area in the area: Shirley, Solihull and Knowle and Dorridge. These social groups cater for men aged 18-45 and organise twice monthly social events as well as organising lareg community events in the area including Solihull Fireworks, Solihull Carnival, Knowle Fun Day and Shirley Beer Festival. Membership is open to all. They work alongside their very successful sister organisations, Ladies Circle.

Events

Every year since the early 1930's (apart from gaps during world wars), Solihull Carnival has taken place. This is now fixed to the first weekend after the June half-term and takes place in Tudor Grange Park. As well as the usual stalls and arena events, in recent years, it has replaced the Carnival Queen contest with a Solihull wide talent contest. The event is organised by Shirley Round Table and raises about £10,000 for charitable causes each year.

Sport

The largest football club in the town is Solihull Moors which is located in Damson Park 2 miles (3.2 km) from the town centre. It is a semi-professional club and currently competes in the Conference North. The club was established in 2007 as a merger between former clubs Solihull Borough and Moor Green. The other sports club of note is Birmingham & Solihull R.F.C., known as "the Bees", a professional rugby union team which competes in the RFU Championship. It currently plays at the Moors' Damson Park ground, after leaving its previous Sharmans Cross Road home in August 2010.

Solihull also has a number of field hockey clubs, namely Old Silhillians Hockey Club (the home of Warwickshire Hockey), Olton & West Warwickshire Hockey Club and Solihull Blossomfield Hockey Club.

Gaelic games are played by Warwickshire GAA who play their home matches in Páirc na hÉireann, Birmingham which is located in Solihull.

The town has an indoor bowling area and club.

Since 24 July 2010 Malvern & Brueton Parks have become home to the town's free, weekly 5 km Brueton parkrun which takes place every Saturday at 9 a.m.

Suburbs

For a full list see List of areas in Solihull

Solihull town has several suburbs including Blossomfield, Solihull Lodge, Haslucks Green, Sharmans Cross, Shirley (considered a sub-town of Solihull), Shirley Heath, Hillfield, Monkspath, Widney Manor, Olton and Lode Heath.

Solihull Borough includes several satellite towns and villages including Castle Bromwich, Chelmsley Wood, Cheswick Green, Dorridge, Knowle, Balsall Common, Meriden, Hampton in Arden, Hockley Heath, Eastcote, Barston, Bickenhill, Catherine-de-Barnes and Bentley Heath.

Twin towns

Solihull is twinned with:

Notable residents

This list includes notable persons who were born or have lived in Solihull.


Musical groups which were formed in or by a member from Solihull include:

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Solihull — (spr. ßōlĭ höll), Marktstadt in Warwickshire (England), 10 km südöstlich von Birmingham, hat eine Lateinschule und (1901) 7517 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Solihull —   [səʊlɪ hʌl], Stadt in der Metropolitan County West Midlands, England, südöstlich von Birmingham, 94 500 Einwohner; Kraftfahrzeug und Leichtindustrie …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Solihull — 52° 24′ 46″ N 1° 46′ 20″ W / 52.412903, 1.772094 …   Wikipédia en Français

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