Infobox UK place
region= West Midlands
map_type= West Midlands
metropolitan_county= West Midlands
Tipton is a town in the
Sandwellborough of the West Midlands, England, with a population of around 47,000.
Tipton is located about halfway between
Birminghamand Wolverhampton. It is a part of the West Midlands conurbation, and is a part of the Black Country.
Tipton was an urban district council in
Staffordshire, until 1938, when it became a municipal borough. The vast majority of Tipton borough was transferred into West Bromwich County Borough in 1966, although the Tividale part of the town became part of Warley. Along with the rest of West Bromwich and Warley, Tipton became part of the Sandwell Metropolitan Borough in 1974 and remains within this local authority to this day.
It is a poor area with around half of all households in Tipton not owning a car and around 40 per cent of residents have incomes of less than £20,000 a year.
Tipton was once one of the most heavily industrialised towns in the
Black Country. But most of its factories closed during the 1980s and new housing estates have been built on the site of many former factories, the new private homes have seen an upturn in Tipton's fortunes by rising house prices.
The far right
British National Partyis popular among voters in the town, currently having three elected councillors; one in Princes End, one in Great Bridge and one in Tividale. Tividale has a relatively high percentage of ethnic minority residents, mostly Muslims of Pakistani origin, but the Princes End and Great Bridge areas are predominantly occupied by white British residents, which has made the BNP's popularity all the more unusual.
Until the 18th century, Tipton was a collection of small hamlets. Industrial growth started in the town when
ironstoneand coalwere discovered in the 1770s. A number of canals were built through the town, and later railways, which greatly accelerated the pace of industrialisation.
James Wattbuilt his first steam enginein or very near Tipton in the 1770s, which was used to pump water from the mines. In 1780, James Keirand Alexander Blairset up a chemical works there, making vast quantities of alkali and soap.
The massive expansion in iron and coal industries led to the population of Tipton expanding rapidly through the 19th century, going from 4,000 at the beginning of the century to 30,000 at the end. Tipton gained a reputation as being "the quintessence of the Black Country" because chimneys of local factories belched heavy pollution into the air, whilst houses and factories were built side by side. Most of the traditional industries which once dominated the town have since disappeared.
Black Country Living Museumin nearby Dudleyre-creates life in the early 20th century Black Country, in original buildings which have been painstakingly rebuilt and furnished. There is a residential canal basin at the museum - Tipton was once known as the "Venice of the Midlands" because it had so many canals, although some of the 'minor' canals in the town were filled-in during the 1970s. The canals today form a vital cycling, wildlife and leisure facility.
The area has a distinctive spoken dialect, different from the Birmingham accent. The richest of Tipton speech is very similar to that which
Shakespeare, or even Chaucer, would have spoken. Those who grew up here can often tell the difference between Tipton speech and the speech of people from other Black Countrytowns.
The town has retained a traditional horse-keeping culture; private horses are kept freely on public land, and are occasionally 'trotted' on roads (pulling a rider on a lightweight racing cart). There are also tatters (i.e. rag-and-bone men), who also have links to the horse culture. Despite persistent council attempts to clear horses off public land, horses still appear in parks and on canal banks from time to time.
Tipton has direct bus links with the towns of
Dudley, Walsall, Stourbridge, Brierley Hill, Sedgley, Coseley, West Bromwich, Oldbury, Bilston, Wednesburyand Darlaston, though not all buses reach the town centre.
Tipton has a direct rail link with the areas of
Wolverhampton, Birminghamand Coventry. There are passenger stations, Tipton railway stationin the town centre and at Dudley Port railway station.
It is currently served by just one railway line, as the line from Walsall to Stourbridge closed in 1964. This line served passenger stations at Dudley Port Lower Level and Great Bridge North, both of which closed in 1964 due to the
Beeching Axe, though the line remained open to goods trains until 1993. It is set to re-open in 2011 as a Midland Metroexpansion on one side and a freight track on the other.
A railway line existed between
Great Bridgeand Swan Village in nearby West Bromwich, but was closed in 1968 under the Beeching Axe.
Another line existed between
Princes Endand Ocker Hill, being closed to passenger trains in 1916 but remaining open to freight traffic until 1980. The closure of the railway was followed with the construction of a pedestrian walkway on the trackbed. The final stub of the line, which linked Wednesburywith Ocker Hill Power Station was closed in 1991.
Outsiders' opinion of Tipton
Newcastle upon Tynebased adult comic "Viz" used Tipton as a perennial butt of jokes throughout the 1990s, involving a fictitious councillor, Hugo Guthrie. Guthrie may, however, have been based on the real inter-war figure of Councillor Doughty who forbade any more pubs to open until one was opened carrying his name — now renamed the Pie Factory.
Tipton was described by the BBC during the 2000 West Bromwich West by-election as, "One of the few places in Britain with no middle-class".
Steve Bull, who was born on the town's Moat Farm estate on 28 March 1965, was a professional footballer. Other footballers born in Tipton included Isaac Clarke(1915-2001), Joe Mayo(born 1953), and Mick Hoban(born 1952). Arthur Hooper was an amateur sprinter with Tipton Harriersand a member of the England Schoolboys team. However, he stopped training for Tipton Harriers and he became a professional footballer with Wolverhampton Wanderersamongst others. Other sportsmen from Tipton include William Perry, a Victorian bareknuckle boxer Champion of England from 1850-57. There is a statue to Perry, known as 'the Tipton Slasher' in Coronation Gardens, in central Tipton. Jack Holden(1907-2004) was a runner for Tipton Harriersand Great Britain. Shaun Perrywas a Rugby Unionplayer for Bristol Shogunsand England A.
Norman Kendrick was a resident of Prince's End, Tipton. He was an early pioneer of the Coach Travel Industry and a civic leader for over 50 years up to his death at 75. Known as 'Ten Men' Kendrick because of his 6' 7", 21 stone frame.
The Tipton Three
Shafiq Rasul, Ruhal Ahmedand Asif Iqbalwere inmates of Guantanamo Bay in Cuba from 2002 to 2004. They were captured during the invasion of Afghanistan whilst, apparently, operating with the defending Taliban forces. They are popularly known as the " Tipton Three", following a memewhereby victims of an alleged miscarriage of justicehave come to be known by the name of a city or town, followed by a number. See the Birmingham Sixand the Guildford Four. In 2006, a Michael Winterbottomfilm claiming to be a historically accurate representation of the their tortureand imprisonmentwas released, called " The Road to Guantánamo".
Although they were released without charge, they allege that people in their home town of Tipton still think they're terrorists, and that there's too much
racismin Tipton for them to be able to return. [http://icbirmingham.icnetwork.co.uk/0100news/0100localnews/tm_objectid=16783380&method=full&siteid=50002&headline=we-can-never-go-home---tipton-trio-name_page.html]
Peake Drive murders
Tipton hit the headlines once again on
27 September, 2004, when a fire at a house in Peake Drive, Dudley Port, claimed the lives of four members of an Asian family. A fifth member of the family survived the blaze after jumping out of an upstairs window.
Gurmej Rai, the estranged husband of one of the victims, was found guilty on four charges of murder and a charge of attempted murder on
20 February, 2006. He was sentenced to life imprisonment with a recommended minimum term of 35 years, although he had not actually started the blaze. He had paid two other men, Rajiv Sahonta and Ravinder Bedhan, to dowse the house with petrol and set it alight, as well as giving them a key to enter the house. They were cleared of murder but found guilty of manslaughter and sentenced to 14 years in prison, though they had already spent a year in custody and the terms of their sentence means they will be eligible for parole in 2012.
Tipton was one of the key towns in the
Industrial Revolutionof the 19th century. In 1800, it was a predominantly rural area with just a few coal mines. By the final quarter of the century, it was a heavily populated area with thousands of houses as well as numerous coalmines, factories and blast furnaces.
Notable firms to have been based in Tipton include
British Steel, Bean Industries (who owned a huge site which actually crossed the border with Coseley) and Angle Ring. However, most of these factories had closed by the year 2000. The huge rolling mills on Bloomfield Road closed in 2005 and were demolished in the autumn of 2006; the site is now being developed for private housing. The Angle Ring, however, still stands opposite the rolling mills site. Vono only recently moved to a new base on the Patent Shaftsite in Wednesbury.
* Great Bridge
* RSA Academy (formerly
Willingsworth High School)
Alexandra High School and Sixth Form Centre
Tividale High School
Tipton Green Junior School- located in Park Lane West, Tipton Green. Current building was constructed in 1976, replacing a late 19th century building in Sedgley Road West.
Joseph Turner Primary School- located in Powis Avenue, Tipton. .
* Victoria Infant School - located in Queen's Road, Tipton Green. Was opened in 1995 to replace the interwar Manor Road Infant School.
Summerhill Primary School- located in Central Avenue, Tibbington, on the merger of Locarno Primary School and Prince's End Primary School.
Tividale Primary School- located in Dudley Road West, Tividale.
Great Bridge Primary School- located in Mount Street, Great Bridge.
Ocker Hill Primary School- located in Gospel Oak Road, Ocker Hill.
Glebefields Primary School- located on the Glebefields Estate, Prince's End.
Sacred Heart RC Primary School- located in Victoria Road, Tipton Green, and is Tipton's only Roman Catholic school.
Wednesbury Oak Primary School- located off Wednesbury Oak Road.
[http://www.tiptonfamilychurch.org Tipton Family Church] was established in November 1992. It is an evangelical Christian fellowship.
In popular culture
The area is notable for being the location of filming for the British comedy film "Anita and Me", set in the 1970s.
* [http://encyclopedia.jrank.org/THE_TOO/TIPTON.html Tipton] -
1911 Encyclopædia Britannicaarticle
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Tipton — Tipton, MO U.S. city in Missouri Population (2000): 3261 Housing Units (2000): 967 Land area (2000): 2.097594 sq. miles (5.432744 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.006141 sq. miles (0.015906 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.103735 sq. miles (5.448650 sq.… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Tipton — ist ein Name im englischsprachigen Raum. Er bezeichnet einen Ort in Großbritannien: Tipton (West Midlands) verschiedene Orte in den USA: Tipton (Illinois) Tipton (Indiana) Tipton (Iowa) Tipton (Kalifornien) Tipton (Kansas) Tipton (Missouri)… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Tipton, CA — U.S. Census Designated Place in California Population (2000): 1790 Housing Units (2000): 488 Land area (2000): 1.013938 sq. miles (2.626087 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.013938 sq. miles… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Tipton, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 3155 Housing Units (2000): 1404 Land area (2000): 1.821404 sq. miles (4.717414 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.821404 sq. miles (4.717414 sq. km) FIPS code … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Tipton, IN — U.S. city in Indiana Population (2000): 5251 Housing Units (2000): 2401 Land area (2000): 1.852298 sq. miles (4.797429 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.852298 sq. miles (4.797429 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Tipton, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 243 Housing Units (2000): 118 Land area (2000): 0.253253 sq. miles (0.655921 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.253253 sq. miles (0.655921 sq. km) FIPS code … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Tipton, MO — U.S. city in Missouri Population (2000): 3261 Housing Units (2000): 967 Land area (2000): 2.097594 sq. miles (5.432744 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.006141 sq. miles (0.015906 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.103735 sq. miles (5.448650 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Tipton, OK — U.S. town in Oklahoma Population (2000): 916 Housing Units (2000): 486 Land area (2000): 0.652463 sq. miles (1.689872 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.652463 sq. miles (1.689872 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Tipton, PA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 1225 Housing Units (2000): 478 Land area (2000): 1.845141 sq. miles (4.778893 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.845141 sq. miles (4 … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Tipton — Tipton, 1) Grafschaft im Staate Tennessee (Nordamerika), 16 QM., im Westen durch den Mississippi River vom Staat Arkansas getrennt, im Norden vom Hatchee River begrenzt; Producte: Baumwolle, Mais, Schweine, Rindvieh; 1850: 8887 Ew., worunter 4192 … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Tipton — (spr. tipptön), Stadt in Staffordshire (England), 2 km nördlich von Dudley, unweit des Birminghamkanals, hat Kohlen und Eisengruben, Gießereien, Kettenschmieden, Maschinenbau, Zementfabrikation und (1901) 30,543 Einw … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon