Knowle

Knowle

Infobox UK place
country = England
official_name= Knowle
latitude= 52.388093
longitude= -1.73181
civil_parish=
population =
metropolitan_borough= Solihull
region= West Midlands
metropolitan_county= West Midlands
constituency_westminster=
post_town=
postcode_district =
postcode_area=
dial_code=
os_grid_reference= SP182767
static_

static_image_caption= The High Street (photo 2006)

Knowle (pronEng|ˈnoʊl) is a small town in the West Midlands borough of Solihull, England and is a few miles east of the town of Solihull.

Knowle lies within the historic county boundaries of Warwickshire, and since 1974 it has been part of the Metropolitan Borough of Solihull within the West Midlands. It lies a few miles from the modern Warwickshire border.

History

Knowle dates back to the time of King Edward I of England, over 700 years ago, when it had the status of a Royal manor. The Manor had its origins as part of the manor of Hampton-in-Arden and over time it passed through the hands of King Edward I, Westminster Abbey, Elizabeth I and James I. It then passed to the Grevilles, later the Earls of Warwick. It was then passed to the Wilsons who sold the estate in the 1840s.

Knowle is also the former home town of convicted murderer Russell Shelton who is said to have scattered the ashes of his victims in the roofs of the high street shops during the late 1990's.

The Parish Church, which is still in use today, was consecrated in 1403. It was founded as access to Hampton-in-Arden was difficult in winter due to the ford at the River Blythe.

There are many ancient buildings around, notably 16th century Grimshaw Hall and the current library which dates back to Elizabethan times. The Guild House dates from the 15th century and forms the core of a conservation area of which the restored Chester House is an outstanding feature.

Knowle was on the stagecoach route from Birmingham to London. The "Mermaid & Greswolde Arms" now just known as "The Greswolde" became a main coaching inn.

Author John Wyndham was born in Knowle.

Present day

Knowle is a busy village which still retains some charm, despite being on the very edge of the West Midlands conurbation. Knowle joins onto the smaller village of Dorridge and the considerably smaller village Bentley Heath, both of which are large residential areas.

hops and businesses

Knowle has many shops. Most of these are located on the High Street, though there are a number of side roads and a shopping precinct. Knowle Library is maintained by Solihull Council in a building called Chester House dating back to Tudor times. At the rear of the building a Knot garden has recently been restored. The small shopping area also has restaurants of all varieties, making Knowle a popular destination for dining out.

Recreation

Knowle is near to the Grand Union Canal which links Birmingham to London. Knowle Locks are a flight of five locks (was originally six until around 1930) near the canal bridge on Kenilworth Road. Recreation areas include Jobs Close Park, which has a children's play area, tennis courts, football field and plenty of open space. There is also another football field owned by the National Trust near Knowle Primary School, and in the smaller town of Bentley Heath, there is a newly refurbished park, near the highly rated school, of the same name. There is also Knowle Football Club, [http://knowlevillage.play-cricket.com Knowle Village Cricket Club] and the exclusive Copt Heath Golf Club. The Silhillian Rugby Club is nearby, which also hosts a substantial Croquet Club.

There are also many clubs in the village for all ages. There are various Scout and Guide groups, the largest and biggest provider of youth services in the area is [http://www.knowleseascouts.org.uk 4th Knowle Sea Scout Group] . Other clubs include a Karate class and church groups. The Knowle Society exists to help maintain the village and its heritage. Knowle also has drama groups and even an Operatic Society. [http://www.knowleanddorridgelions.com Knowle and Dorridge Lions] organise several events, including the annual 5 mile / 8km [http://www.knowlefunrun.org.uk Knowle Fun Run] . There is a Masonic Hall and Knowle and Dorridge Round Table meet locally.

Housing and schools

Knowle has two schools, a Church of England primary school with a nursery and a secondary school, Arden School, which caters for Dorridge and Bentley Heath as well. In September 2006, a sixth form centre commenced with over 50 students, although the new building is still awaiting completion. They are considered to be well performing schools, even considering the advantaged catchment area. The main church is a Church of England Parish Church and there is a United Reformed Church on Station Road. The Parish Church offers many services using modern equipment, the old Guild house and much newer St. John's Hall.

The housing in Knowle is mainly detached or semi-detached with the occasional terraced street and some apartment blocks. More recently, developers have bought up housing for demolition and are building "windfall developments" of apartments on the outskirts the village. House prices are considerably higher than the national average due to the demand for housing in the fringes of the West Midlands conurbation and high achieving schools.

Transport

The town lies on the A4141 road and is close to the M42 motorway. Knowle does not have its own railway station, but nearby Dorridge railway station, on the Chiltern Main Line, was previously known as "Knowle and Dorridge". Another station lies a few miles north at Hampton-in-Arden on the Coventry-Birmingham (West Coast) line and Birmingham International railway station is nearby for express services to London Euston. Knowle is also close to Birmingham International Airport and is linked to Solihull by a bus service.

Nearby places of interest

Surrounding villages include Dorridge, Hampton-in-Arden, Balsall Common and Henley-in-Arden. To the north west is Solihull and Birmingham, the east Coventry, and the south Warwick, Leamington Spa and Stratford-upon-Avon.

External links

* [http://www.knowlefunrun.org.uk Knowle Fun Run organised by]
* [http://www.knowleanddorridgelions.com Knowle and Dorridge Lions]
* [http://www.knowleseascouts.org.uk 4th Knowle Sea Scout Group]
* [http://www.ucknowle.co.uk Knowle Local Community WebSite]
* [http://www.virtualbrum.co.uk/knowle.htm Pictures of Knowle]
* [http://www.yokbc.co.uk Ye Olde Knowle Bowling Club]
* [http://www.salrua.org.uk Solihull and Leamington Rail Users Association] representing the interests and views of local rail users.
* [http://knowledining.blogspot.com/ Knowle Dine-Fest] A local review of the eating places in the High Street
* [http://www.knowleparishchurch.org.uk/ Knowle Parish Church website]


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