- Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal
The Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal is a narrow navigable
canalin the Midlandsof England, passing through the counties of Staffordshireand Worcestershire.
It runs for 46 miles (74 km) from the
River Severnat Stourportin Worcestershire to the Trent and Mersey Canalat Haywood Junctionby Great Haywood.
James BrindleyNicholson Waterways Guide, Volume 2 (2006), Harper Collins Publishing Ltd, ISBN 0-00-721110-4] was the chief engineer of the canal, which was part of his "Grand Cross" plan for waterways connecting Hull, Liverpooland Bristol.
The canal was authorised by an
Act of Parliamentwhich was passed on 14 May 1766. This created "The Company of Proprietors of the Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal Navigation", who were empowered to raise an initial £70,000, with an additional £30,000 if needed, to finance the construction of the canal. [http://www.jim-shead.com/waterways/sdoc.php?wpage=PNRC0601#PNRC583 Joseph Priestley (1831), "Priestley's Navigable Rivers and Canals"] ]
The canal was competed in 1771 for a cost which exceeded the authorised capital, and opened to trade in
1772. It was a commercial success, with trade from the "Potteries" (the towns making up modern-day Stoke on Trent) travelling southwards to Gloucester and Bristol, and trade from the Black Country travelling northwards to the Potteries via the junction from the Birmingham Canal at Aldersley.
The Company obtained a second act of parliament on 9 June 1790, which allowed it to raise another £12,000 to make improvements to the
River Severnimmediately below Stourport as far as Diglis, to improve navigation to and from the canal. At Stourport there were four basins, which were connected by broad locks, to allow broad-beamed Severn Trowsto enter them from the river. Goods could then be transshipped from the canal narrow boats to the trows for onward shipment to Bristol.
Trade declined when the newer
Worcester and Birmingham Canalopened in 1815. This canal provided a more direct route between Birmingham and Bristol. To remain competitive, the company extended the hours during which locks could be used, until they were available 24 hours a day by 1830. Another setback occurred when the Birmingham and Liverpool Junction Canalopened its new route to Chester and Merseyside, connecting with the canal at Autherley Junction. This took much of the traffic from the section to Great Haywood. Faced with a high volume of trade using the half-mile stretch between Aldersley and Autherley Junctions, the company levied very high tolls.
In order to resolve the situation the Birmingham Canal Company and the Birmingham and Liverpool Junction Company jointly promoted an act of parliament to authorise a short canal which would have left the Birmingham Canal at a higher level than the junction, crossed the Staffordshire and Worcestershire by an aqueduct, and then dropped down by a series of locks to join the Birmingham and Liverpool Junction Canal north of Autherley junction. The canal company decided to reduce its tolls rather than lose the trade altogether. Further concessions were obtained by the other two canal companies by threats to resurrect the plans on two subsequent occasions.
Despite the competition, and later competition from the railways, the canal company paid dividends to its shareholders until the turn of the 19th century, although profits fell steadily from the 1860s. It remained independent until the canals were nationalised in 1947. During its latter years, the major trade was in coal, which was carried from Cannock to a power station at Stourport. The power station closed in 1949, and after that, the only commercial traffic was on the stretch between Autherley and Aldersley Junctions. [http://www.swcs.org.uk/history.htm Staffs and Worcs Canal Society: History] ]
1959it was planned to close the canal, but was saved through the efforts of a volunteer group - the Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal Society. The canal was re-classified as a cruiseway in 1968, and all of it was declared to be a Conservation Area the following year. This has resulted in historical buildings and structures being retained and improved sympathetically.
The canal is linked (in order, from the Severn) to:
Stourbridge Canalat Stourton Junction
BCN Main Lineat Aldersley Junction
Shropshire Union Canalat Autherley Junction
Hatherton Canal, (currently derelict but with proposals for restoration) at Hatherton Junction
The canal today forms part of the
Stourport Ring, which is one of the popular cruising rings for leisure boating.
* [http://www.swcs.org.uk/ The Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal Society]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Staffordshire-und-Worcestershire-Kanal — Der Staffordshire und Worcestershire Kanal ist ein Narrowboatkanal in den Midlands in England. Der Kanal beginnt in Stourport am Severn in Worcestershire und endet nach 74 km in Staffordshire an der Kanalkreuzung Haywood Junction in Great… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Trent and Mersey Canal — Infobox Canal name = Trent and Mersey Canal caption = The Trent and Mersey Canal near Branston Water Park o name = company = engineer = a engineer = James Brindley date act = 1766 date const = date use = 1777 date comp = date ext = date closed =… … Wikipedia
Wyrley and Essington Canal — For the restoration of the section Ogley Junction–Huddlesford Junction, see Lichfield Canal. Wyrley and Essington Canal Sneyd Wharf on the Wyrley and Essington Canal Original owner Birmin … Wikipedia
Leeds and Liverpool Canal — Ainscoughs mill in Burscough Principal engineer John Longbotham Other engineer(s) … Wikipedia
Neath and Tennant Canal — The exit from Clun Isaf lock, restored in 2007 Original owner Neath Canal Nav Co, Port Tennant Nav Co Principal engineer … Wikipedia
Monmouthshire and Brecon Canal — The Monmouthshire and Brecon Canal is a small network of canals in South Wales. For most of its 35 mile (56 km) length it runs through the Brecon Beacons National Park, and its present rural character and tranquillity belies its original… … Wikipedia
Staffordshire — Geography Status Ceremonial (smaller) Non metropolitan county … Wikipedia
Staffordshire-Worcestershire-Kanal — Der Staffordshire Worcestershire Kanal (original: Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal) ist ein Narrowboatkanal in den Midlands in England. Der Kanal beginnt in Stourport on Severn in Worcestershire und endet nach 74 km in Staffordshire an … Deutsch Wikipedia
Canal ring — A canal ring is the name given to a series of canals that make a complete loop.Origin of the TermWhilst there have been canals which formed a ring for centuries, the ring terminology was unknown before the 1960s, when it was coined by the Inland… … Wikipedia
Staffordshire University — Motto Create the difference Established 1992 gained University status 1971 North Staffordshire Polytechnic Type Public … Wikipedia