- Fire station
A fire station (also called stationhouse) is a structure or other area set aside for storage of firefighting apparatus (i.e, fire engines and related vehicles),
personal protective equipment, fire hose, fire extinguishers, and other fire extinguishing equipment. It may also have dormitory living facilities and work areas such as meeting rooms, workshop, or laundry. Living areas are sometimes arranged above the garage bays where personnel without specific station duties during the night shift are allowed to sleep unless a dispatch is called. In that situation, firefighters may have special means to allow entry to the ground floor quickly when a call for helpis received such as sliding down a brass pole (called a firepole). This arrangement also allows for a raised area to hang hoses to dry to prevent damage. In a one floor station, a tower like structure is sometimes used specially for hose hanging.
An occupied station will usually have a station alarm system for receiving and annunciating an alarm, and indications of where and what caused the alarm. However, sometimes the only "alarm" is a telephone that is rung in case of emergency. In a
volunteer fire departmentwhere volunteers do not staff the station, the firefighters may be summoned to the fire station by siren, radioor pagers, making a station alarm system superfluous.
In a more structured operation, full-time or on-call volunteer or career firefighters staff the station some or all of the time. There may be office space for the officers, a library of reference and other materials, and a "trophy wall" or case where the firefighters display memorabilia.
Activities in a fire station include regular inspection and cleaning of the apparatus and equipment, and continuing education in the fire service. Weekly or bi-weekly routine typically includes various drills in which firefighters practice their skills. Some fire companies also host public activities at the fire station during annual "fire prevention week" or similar, and the facility may also be used for fund-raising by the "firemen's association", "fire buffs", or "fire auxiliary."
The approaches to a fire station are often posted with warning signs, and there may be a
traffic signalto stop or warn traffic when apparatus are leaving or returning to the station.
In larger cities fire stations are often named for the primary fire companies and apparatus housed there, such as "Ladder 49", or the district which they serve. Rural fire stations are usually named for the county, town or village, but may also be named for the independent fire district serving a collective geographic area.
In many western countries, fire brigades were originally created by insurance companies to safeguard the property of their policyholders. Those who bought policies were given a plaque that would be mounted in a prominent position on the structure to denote its protected status. These plaques can still be seen on some historic buildings, particularly in the
United Kingdom. Firemen summoned to burning buildings were expected to look for these plaques before fighting the fire. If the fire was in a building covered by a rival insurer, some brigades would deliberately obstruct that company's fire brigade in an attempt to give rise to greater property damage (and subsequent expense to the insurer) Fact|date=June 2008.
* Fire engine
Glossary of firefighting equipment
Glossary of firefighting terms
Glossary of wildland fire terms
History of fire brigades
Incident Command System
* [http://www.firefightingnews.com/index.cfm International FireFighting News - Fire Station Directory]
* [http://www.olatheks.org/fire Olathe, Kan. Fire Department]
* [http://www.westjacksonfd.com West Jackson Fire Department, GA]
* [http://www.legeros.com/ralwake/ Raleigh and Wake County, NC fire departments]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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fire station — fire .station n a building where the equipment used to stop fires burning is kept, and where ↑firefighters stay until they are needed … Dictionary of contemporary English
fire station — fire ,station noun count the building where FIREFIGHTERS have their office and keep their vehicles and equipment … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
Fire Station No. 23 — Infobox nrhp | name =Fire Station No. 23 nrhp type = caption = Fire Station No. 23, 2008 location= 225 E. 5th St., Los Angeles, California lat degrees = 34 lat minutes = 2 lat seconds = 44.5 lat direction = N long degrees = 118 long minutes = 14… … Wikipedia
fire station — noun a station housing fire apparatus and firemen • Syn: ↑firehouse • Hypernyms: ↑station • Part Holonyms: ↑infrastructure, ↑base * * * noun, pl ⋯ tions [count] : a building in which the members of a f … Useful english dictionary
fire station — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms fire station : singular fire station plural fire stations the building where firefighters have their office and keep their vehicles and equipment … English dictionary
fire station — fire′ sta tion n. a building in which firefighting apparatus and usu. fire department personnel are housed; firehouse • Etymology: 1895–1900 … From formal English to slang