Intercontinental Cup (football)


Intercontinental Cup (football)
Intercontinental Cup
European-South American Cup
Copa Intercontinental (MAG).JPG
Founded 1960
Abolished 2004
Region Europe (UEFA)
South America (CONMEBOL)
Number of teams 2
Last champions Portugal Porto
Most successful club Uruguay Peñarol
Uruguay Nacional
Italy Milan
Spain Real Madrid
Argentina Boca Juniors
(Three cups each)

The European/South American Cup, commonly referred to as the World Club Championship, Intercontinental Cup or (after 1980) Toyota Cup, was a football competition endorsed by UEFA and CONMEBOL, contested between the winners of the European Cup and the South American Copa Libertadores. The cup trophy bears the words "Coupe Européenne-Sudamericaine" ("European-South American Cup") at the top, which involve the ball. At the base of the trophy, there is a drawing of two maps, one from Europe, another from South America.

From its formation in 1960 to 1979, the competition was contested over a two legged tie, with a playoff if necessary until 1968, and penalty kicks later. From 1980 until 2004, the competition was contested over a single match held in Japan and organized by Toyota, which offered a secondary trophy, the Toyota Cup. The competition was considered until the creation of its successor, the FIFA Club World Cup,[1] the most important tournament at international level in which any club could participate,[2] for that reason all the winner teams were recognised as world club champions.[3][4][5]

The last winner of the cup was Portuguese side Porto, defeating Colombian side Once Caldas in a penalty shootout in 2004.

Contents

History

The inauguration of the European Champion Clubs' Cup in 1955 and the Copa Libertadores in 1960 made the European/South American Cup viable. Spanish side Real Madrid became the first club to win the cup in 1960, defeating Peñarol of Uruguay.

The viability of the competition came under fire until Toyota assumed the role of sponsor for the 1980 tournament; for the remainder of the competition's history, no club declined playing in the Intercontinental Cup, and the competition always took the form of a single match held on neutral ground, in Toyota's home country Japan. The sponsor created a new trophy, the Toyota Cup, which was coupled with the original one: if the Intercontinental Cup was give to winners' captain, the Toyota Cup was given to the vice-captain.[6]

This cup was played for the last time in 2004 and replaced by the FIFA Club World Cup.[1]

Cup format

From 1960 to 1979, the Intercontinental Cup was played in two legs. Between 1960 and 1968, the cup was decided on points only, the same format used by CONMEBOL to determine the winner of the Copa Libertadores final through 1987. Because of this format, a third match was needed when both teams were equal on points. Commonly this match was host by the continent where the last game of the series was played. From 1969 through 1979, the competition adopted the European standard method of aggregate score, with away goals.

Starting in 1980, the final became a single match. Up until 2000, the matches were held at Tokyo's National Stadium. Finals since 2002 were held at the Yokohama International Stadium, also the venue of the 2002 FIFA World Cup final.

Finals

Key
Winner won after extra time
* Winner won by a penalty shootout after extra time

Two-legged finals

Year Country Home team Score Away team Country Venue Location Refs
1960  URU Peñarol 0–0 Real Madrid  ESP Estadio Centenario Montevideo, Uruguay
 ESP Real Madrid 5–1 Peñarol  URU Estadio Santiago Bernabéu Madrid, Spain
Real Madrid won 3–1 on points.
1961  POR Benfica 1–0 Peñarol  URU Estádio da Luz Lisbon, Portugal
 URU Peñarol 5–0 Benfica  POR Estadio Centenario Montevideo, Uruguay
2–2 on points; Peñarol won 2–1 in the playoff at Estadio Centenario.
1962  BRA Santos 3–2 Benfica  POR Maracanã Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
 POR Benfica 2–5 Santos  BRA Estádio da Luz Lisbon, Portugal
Santos won 4–0 on points.
1963  ITA Milan 4–2 Santos  BRA San Siro Milan, Italy
 BRA Santos 4–2 Milan  ITA Maracanã Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
2–2 on points; Santos won 1–0 in the playoff at Maracanã.
1964  ARG Independiente 1–0 Internazionale  ITA La Doble Visera Avellaneda, Argentina
 ITA Internazionale 2–0 Independiente  ARG San Siro Milan, Italy
2–2 on points; Internazionale won 1–0 in a playoff at Estadio Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid. †
1965  ITA Internazionale 3–0 Independiente  ARG San Siro Milan, Italy
 ARG Independiente 0–0 Internazionale  ITA La Doble Visera Avellaneda, Argentina
Internazionale won 3–1 on points.
1966  URU Peñarol 2–0 Real Madrid  ESP Estadio Centenario Montevideo, Uruguay
 ESP Real Madrid 0–2 Peñarol  URU Estadio Santiago Bernabéu Madrid, Spain
Peñarol won 4–0 on points.
1967  SCO Celtic 1–0 Racing Club  ARG Hampden Park Glasgow, Scotland
 ARG Racing Club 2–1 Celtic  SCO El Cilindro Avellaneda, Argentina
2–2 on points; Racing Club won 1–0 in the playoff at Estadio Centenario, Montevideo.
1968  ARG Estudiantes 1–0 Manchester United  ENG Estadio Camilo Cichero Buenos Aires, Argentina
 ENG Manchester United 1–1 Estudiantes  ARG Old Trafford Manchester, England
Estudiantes won 3–1 on points.
1969  ITA Milan 3–0 Estudiantes  ARG San Siro Milan, Italy
 ARG Estudiantes 2–1 Milan  ITA Estadio Camilo Cichero Buenos Aires, Argentina
Milan won 4–2 on aggregate.
1970  ARG Estudiantes 2–2 Feyenoord  NED Estadio Camilo Cichero Buenos Aires, Argentina
 NED Feyenoord 1–0 Estudiantes  ARG De Kuip Rotterdam, Netherlands
Feyenoord won 3–2 on aggregate.
1971  GRE Panathinaikos 1–1 Nacional  URU Karaiskakis Stadium Athens, Greece
 URU Nacional 2–1 Panathinaikos  GRE Estadio Centenario Montevideo, Uruguay
Nacional won 3–2 on aggregate.
1972  ARG Independiente 1–1 Ajax  NED La Doble Visera Avellaneda, Argentina
 NED Ajax 3–0 Independiente  ARG Olympic Stadium Amsterdam, Netherlands
Ajax won 4–1 on aggregate.
1973  ITA Juventus 0–1 Independiente  ARG Stadio Olimpico Rome, Italy
Second leg was not played. Independiente won single final.
1974  ARG Independiente 1–0 Atlético Madrid  ESP La Doble Visera Avellaneda, Argentina
 ESP Atlético Madrid 2–0 Independiente  ARG Vicente Calderón Stadium Madrid, Spain
Atlético Madrid won 2–1 on aggregate.
1976  FRG Bayern Munich 2–0 Cruzeiro  BRA Olympiastadion Munich, West Germany
 BRA Cruzeiro 0–0 Bayern Munich  FRG Mineirão Belo Horizonte, Brazil
Bayern Munich won 2–0 on aggregate.
1977  ARG Boca Juniors 2–2 Borussia Mönchengladbach  FRG La Bombonera Buenos Aires, Argentina
 FRG Borussia Mönchengladbach 0–3 Boca Juniors  ARG Wildparkstadion Karlsruhe, West Germany
Boca Juniors won 5–2 on aggregate
1979  SWE Malmö FF 0–1 Olimpia  PAR Malmö Stadion Malmö, Sweden
 PAR Olimpia 2–1 Malmö FF  SWE Estadio Defensores del Chaco Asunción, Paraguay
Olimpia won 3–1 on aggregate.

Single match finals

Year Country Winner Score Runner-up Country Venue Notes
1980  URU Nacional 1–0 Nottingham Forest  ENG National Stadium, Tokyo
1981  BRA Flamengo 3–0 Liverpool  ENG National Stadium, Tokyo
1982  URU Peñarol 2–0 Aston Villa  ENG National Stadium, Tokyo
1983  BRA Grêmio 2–1 Hamburger SV  FRG National Stadium, Tokyo
1984  ARG Independiente 1–0 Liverpool  ENG National Stadium, Tokyo
1985  ITA Juventus *2–2* Argentinos Juniors  ARG National Stadium, Tokyo [a]
1986  ARG River Plate 1–0 Steaua Bucureşti  ROM National Stadium, Tokyo
1987  POR Porto 2–1 Peñarol  URU National Stadium, Tokyo
1988  URU Nacional *2–2* PSV Eindhoven  NED National Stadium, Tokyo [b]
1989  ITA Milan 1–0 Atlético Nacional  COL National Stadium, Tokyo
1990  ITA Milan 3–0 Olimpia  PAR National Stadium, Tokyo
1991  YUG Red Star Belgrade 3–0 Colo-Colo  CHI National Stadium, Tokyo
1992  BRA São Paulo 2–1 Barcelona  ESP National Stadium, Tokyo
1993  BRA São Paulo 3–2 Milan  ITA National Stadium, Tokyo [c]
1994  ARG Vélez Sársfield 2–0 Milan  ITA National Stadium, Tokyo
1995  NED Ajax *0–0* Grêmio  BRA National Stadium, Tokyo [d]
1996  ITA Juventus 1–0 River Plate  ARG National Stadium, Tokyo
1997  GER Borussia Dortmund 2–0 Cruzeiro  BRA National Stadium, Tokyo
1998  ESP Real Madrid 2–1 Vasco da Gama  BRA National Stadium, Tokyo
1999  ENG Manchester United 1–0 Palmeiras  BRA National Stadium, Tokyo
2000  ARG Boca Juniors 2–1 Real Madrid  ESP National Stadium, Tokyo
2001  GER Bayern Munich 1–0 Boca Juniors  ARG National Stadium, Tokyo
2002  ESP Real Madrid 2–0 Olimpia  PAR International Stadium, Yokohama
2003  ARG Boca Juniors *1–1* Milan  ITA International Stadium, Yokohama [e]
2004  POR Porto *0–0* Once Caldas  COL International Stadium, Yokohama [f]

Notes

  • a Juventus won 4–2 in a penalty shootout
  • b Nacional won 7–6 in a penalty shootout
  • c European champions Marseille were suspended due to a match fixing and bribery scandal
  • d Ajax won 4–3 in a penalty shootout
  • e Boca Juniors won 3–1 in a penalty shootout
  • f Porto won 8–7 in a penalty shootout

Statistics

By club

Team Cups Years
Uruguay Peñarol 3 1961, 1966, 1982
Uruguay Nacional 3 1971, 1980, 1988
Italy Milan 3 1969, 1989, 1990
Spain Real Madrid 3 1960, 1998, 2002
Argentina Boca Juniors 3 1977, 2000, 2003
Brazil Santos 2 1962, 1963
Italy Internazionale 2 1964, 1965
Argentina Independiente 2 1973, 1984
Brazil São Paulo 2 1992, 1993
Netherlands Ajax 2 1972, 1995
Italy Juventus 2 1985, 1996
Germany Bayern Munich 2 1976, 2001
Portugal Porto 2 1987, 2004
Argentina Racing 1 1967
Argentina Estudiantes 1 1968
Netherlands Feyenoord 1 1970
Spain Atlético Madrid 1 1974
Paraguay Olimpia 1 1979
Brazil Flamengo 1 1981
Brazil Grêmio 1 1983
Argentina River Plate 1 1986
Serbia Red Star Belgrade 1 1991
Argentina Vélez Sársfield 1 1994
Germany Borussia Dortmund 1 1997
England Manchester United 1 1999

By country

Country Teams Cups Years
Argentina Argentina 6 9 1967, 1968, 1973, 1977, 1984, 1986, 1994, 2000, 2003
Italy Italy 3 7 1964, 1965, 1969, 1985, 1989, 1990, 1996
Brazil Brazil 4 6 1962, 1963, 1981, 1983, 1992, 1993
Uruguay Uruguay 2 6 1961, 1966, 1971, 1980, 1982, 1988
Spain Spain 2 4 1960, 1974, 1998, 2002
Germany Germany 2 3 1976, 1997, 2001
Netherlands Netherlands 2 3 1970, 1972, 1995
Portugal Portugal 1 2 1987, 2004
England England 1 1 1999
Paraguay Paraguay 1 1 1979
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia 1 1 1991

By continent

Continent Teams Countries Cups
South America 13 4 22
Europe 12 7 21

Coaches

Carlos Bianchi won three editions as coach: one with Vélez Sársfield in 1994, and 2 with Boca Juniors in 2000 and 2003.

Luis Cubilla and Juan Mujica, 2 Uruguayans won cups both as players and coaches:

  • Luis Cubilla (played for Peñarol in 1961 and for Nacional in 1971; then coached Olimpia in 1979)
  • Juan Mujica (played for Nacional in 1971; and coached it in 1980)

Players

  • Alessandro Costacurta and Paolo Maldini played 5 times in the competition, all with Milan (1989, 1990, 1993, 1994, 2003).
  • Estudiantes (1968, 1969 and 1970) and Independiente (1972, 1973 and 1974) played 3 in consecutive years. Of these teams a few players played the three years, including Carlos Salvador Bilardo and Juan Ramón Verón.

Man of the Match

Since 1980

Year Player Club
1980 Uruguay Waldemar Victorino Uruguay Nacional
1981 Brazil Zico Brazil Flamengo
1982 Brazil Jair Uruguay Peñarol
1983 Brazil Renato Gaúcho Brazil Grêmio
1984 Argentina José Percudani Argentina Independiente
1985 France Michel Platini Italy Juventus
1986 Uruguay Antonio Alzamendi Argentina River Plate
1987 Algeria Rabah Madjer Portugal Porto
1988 Uruguay Santiago Ostolaza Uruguay Nacional
1989 Italy Alberigo Evani Italy Milan
1990 Netherlands Frank Rijkaard Italy Milan
1991 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Vladimir Jugović Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade
1992 Brazil Raí Brazil São Paulo
1993 Brazil Cerezo Brazil São Paulo
1994 Argentina Omar Asad Argentina Vélez Sársfield
1995 Netherlands Danny Blind Netherlands Ajax
1996 Italy Alessandro Del Piero Italy Juventus
1997 Germany Andreas Möller Germany Borussia Dortmund
1998 Spain Raúl Spain Real Madrid
1999 Wales Ryan Giggs England Manchester United
2000 Argentina Martín Palermo Argentina Boca Juniors
2001 Ghana Samuel Kuffour Germany Bayern Munich
2002 Brazil Ronaldo Spain Real Madrid
2003 Argentina Matías Donnet Argentina Boca Juniors
2004 Portugal Maniche Portugal Porto

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "FIFA Club World Championship to replace Toyota Cup from 2005". Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 2004-05-17. http://www.fifa.com/aboutfifa/federation/releases/newsid=92577.html. Retrieved 2010-12-24. 
  2. ^ "Copa Europea/Sudamericana: Synopsis" (in Spanish). Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol. http://www.conmebol.com/conmebol/activeCompetition.html?x=41&sub=8&type=1. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  3. ^ "Goodbye Toyota Cup, hello FIFA Club World Championship". Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 2004-12-10. http://www.fifa.com/tournaments/archive/tournament=107/edition=4735/news/newsid=95645.html. Retrieved 2010-12-24. 
  4. ^ "Ten tips on the planet's top club tournament". Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 2005-07-28. http://www.fifa.com/tournaments/archive/tournament=107/edition=4735/news/newsid=99481.html. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  5. ^ "We are the champions". Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 2005-12-01. http://www.fifa.com/tournaments/archive/tournament=107/edition=4735/news/newsid=101662.html. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  6. ^ The two trophies can be seen in this picture: [1].

External links


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